Tuesday, September 19, 2023
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How To Clean A Tablet Screen


Cleaning a tablet screen is a simple yet important task to maintain the clarity and functionality of your device. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to clean a tablet screen effectively:

Materials You’ll Need:

  • Microfiber cloth (soft and lint-free)
  • Distilled water (preferred) or isopropyl alcohol (70% or higher)
  • Spray bottle (if using a homemade cleaning solution)

Step-by-Step Instructions:

  1. Power Off Your Tablet:
    • Before cleaning the screen, turn off your tablet. This prevents accidental actions on the touchscreen during the cleaning process.
  2. Remove Dust and Debris:
    • Gently use a soft, dry microfiber cloth to wipe away any loose dust or particles from the screen. This initial step helps prevent scratching the screen when you apply liquid cleaner.
  3. Prepare a Cleaning Solution:
    • If you’re using distilled water, you can skip this step. If you prefer a cleaning solution, mix equal parts of distilled water and isopropyl alcohol (70% or higher) in a spray bottle. Avoid using tap water, as it may contain minerals that can leave streaks on the screen.
  4. Dampen the Cloth:
    • Lightly dampen a corner of the microfiber cloth with the cleaning solution. If you’re using water only, dampen the cloth with a few drops of water.
  5. Wipe the Screen Gently:
    • Carefully wipe the tablet screen with the dampened part of the cloth. Use gentle, circular motions or vertical/horizontal strokes, depending on your preference. Avoid pressing too hard, as excessive pressure can damage the screen.
  6. Pay Attention to Stains or Spots:
    • If you encounter stubborn stains, apply a little more pressure while cleaning. You can also use a slightly damp corner of the cloth and rub gently.
  7. Dry with a Dry Cloth:
    • After cleaning, use a dry part of the microfiber cloth to wipe the screen again. This removes any remaining moisture and ensures a streak-free finish.
  8. Inspect the Screen:
    • Carefully examine the screen for any remaining smudges or streaks. If needed, repeat the cleaning process using the damp cloth.
  9. Allow the Screen to Air Dry:
    • If there are any residual moisture or cleaning solution on the screen, let it air dry for a few minutes before turning your tablet back on.

Tips for Tablet Screen Cleaning:

  • Use a dedicated microfiber cloth: It’s best to use a clean, dedicated microfiber cloth for your tablet screen to avoid transferring debris from other surfaces.
  • Avoid paper towels and rough fabrics: Paper towels, tissues, and abrasive materials can scratch the screen, so stick to a soft, lint-free microfiber cloth.
  • Don’t use excessive liquid: Avoid over-saturating the cloth or screen with cleaning solution or water, as this can lead to liquid seeping into the device and causing damage.
  • Never use harsh chemicals: Avoid using harsh cleaning agents, ammonia-based cleaners, or abrasive materials as they can damage the screen’s protective coating.
  • Regular maintenance: Consider cleaning your tablet screen regularly to prevent the buildup of smudges and debris.

By following these steps and tips, you can effectively clean your tablet screen and keep it in optimal condition.

How to Clean a Tablet Screen: 4 Easy Methods

Were you aware that, on an average day, we make contact with our screens in excess of 2,000 instances?

It’s a petite marvel that our gadgets amass smudges. And, unless you diligently cleanse your hands after each interaction with your tablet, there’s a fair likelihood it has amassed more than its share of microbes.

Below, we offer some guidance on how to cleanse a tablet display, so as to reinstate it to its former, unsullied grandeur.


Certainly, let’s delve into the reasons behind the smudging of tablet screens.

Most mobile phone and tablet displays boast a unique oleophobic coating. As the term suggests, “oleophobic” signifies a resistance to oils.

This particular coating generally does a commendable job in repelling the natural oils present on your fingertips. However, it is not impervious and gradually deteriorates over time. Consequently, the screen becomes susceptible to unsightly smudges and streaks, resembling the marks one might find on a mirror or window.

Given the substantial amount of time we spend engrossed with our phones and tablets, a cocktail of oils, bacteria, and germs rapidly accumulates on these devices. To avert the unsightly consequences of a smudged and germ-infested tablet, regular cleaning is imperative. Nonetheless, it’s important to note that dousing your tablet screen in Windex, although tempting, is not a recommended course of action. We shall explore proper tablet screen cleaning methods in the following sections.


Here are four guidelines to effectively cleanse your tablet screen. Prior to embarking on any of these techniques, it is essential to ensure that your device is either powered off or locked. This precaution guarantees an unobstructed view of the screen you are endeavoring to clean, sparing you from the exasperation of overlooking a particularly soiled area due to your tablet intermittently illuminating and hindering visibility.

Tip 1: Employ a Microfiber Cloth

The most straightforward and frequently the most effective approach for cleansing your tablet screen involves the use of a basic yet indispensable tool—an unassuming microfiber cloth. Most of us possess at least one of these in our possession, as they commonly accompany various products such as phones, tablets, eyeglasses, and the like.

Microfiber’s extraordinary softness and exceptionally fine weave render it the ideal choice for delicately wiping down a tablet screen. Employing gentle, circular motions proves most efficacious in eradicating any unsightly smudges or blemishes. While a plain cotton shirt could serve as an alternative in a pinch, it’s imperative to acknowledge that microfiber stands as the most secure material to use, particularly when dealing with the likes of Gorilla Glass.

Tip 2: Apply a Tailor-Made Screen Cleanser

In cases where persistent smudges prove to be particularly obstinate, or when your tablet falls victim to an unfortunate encounter with a sticky lunchtime mishap, the remedy may lie in a liquid cleanser.

The instinct to reach for household cleaners like Windex or Lysol is a common one. However, it’s vital to exercise restraint in this regard if you wish to safeguard the integrity of your screen. Fortunately, a specialized screen cleaning solution is readily accessible and stands as a far safer and more advantageous option for tablet screens. A light spritz of this solution onto the screen, followed by a thorough wipe-down using a microfiber or other lint-free fabric, can yield rapid and notable improvements, all while preserving the precious oleophobic coating.

As an added bonus, many liquid cleaners are thoughtfully bundled with a microfiber cloth, simplifying the process and ensuring a comprehensive cleaning experience.

Tip 3: Craft Your Economical DIY Screen Cleanser

Allow me to share a discreet tidbit: the majority of commercial screen cleaning solutions comprise only two elemental ingredients. What’s more, you’ll likely find these very ingredients within the confines of your own home!

Blend equal proportions of rubbing alcohol, also known as isopropyl alcohol, with distilled water to concoct a do-it-yourself cleaner. It’s imperative to emphasize the usage of distilled water for this purpose, as tap water may contain minerals that could potentially deposit residues on the screen’s surface. As an added advantage, the alcohol component excels in disinfecting your tablet, ridding it of those pesky germs.

Are you in search of budget-friendly gifts for the holiday season? Consider preparing a sizable batch of this mixture and distribute spray bottles amongst your friends and family. This DIY concoction serves admirably for cleaning tablet screens and rejuvenating clear phone cases that may have taken on a yellowish hue.

You’ll earn accolades for your chemical prowess, provided your secret remains concealed!

Tip 4: The Tape Solution

If you prefer to eschew liquid cleaners altogether, consider the simplicity of a strip of trusty scotch tape. Yes, you read that correctly—scotch tape possesses an almost magical knack for restoring your tablet screen to its pristine condition. The tape method excels in lifting away dirt and fingerprints from the screen’s surface while ensuring the preservation of any permanent screen coatings.

In fact, here at SaharaCase, we harness this very principle when guiding users through the process of preparing their devices for the application of a screen protector. As an added convenience, our Protection Kit even includes a generous adhesive sheet for this purpose!

What to Steer Clear Of

Acquiring the knowledge of how to effectively cleanse your tablet screen entails a firm grasp of what to avoid during the process of eliminating smudges and germs. When you embark on the journey of cleaning your tablet screen, exercise due caution and distance yourself from the following materials:

1. Rough Materials: As previously underscored, paper-based products such as napkins and paper towels should be kept well clear of your tablet screen. The last outcome you desire when endeavoring to cleanse your tablet is the inadvertent scratching of its delicate screen.

2. Dishwasher Brushes or Sponges: It’s natural to entertain the notion that a dishwasher brush or sponge might offer a solution. However, it’s imperative to reconsider this notion. These abrasive implements have the potential to inflict scratches upon your tablet screen and, regrettably, leave behind unwelcome residues.

Harsh Chemicals: A No-Go Zone

Refrain from reaching for that bottle of Windex! It’s crucial to steer clear of common household cleaners such as Windex, Lysol, or disinfectant wipes when contemplating the cleansing of your tablet screen. These cleaning agents possess abrasive qualities that have the potential to erode the very oleophobic coating that plays a pivotal role in shielding your tablet from unsightly smudges in the first place.

Furthermore, it’s worth noting that chemicals from these cleaners may seep into your tablet through the charging port or microphone openings, posing a risk to the internal wiring of your device. To ensure the well-being of your tablet and safeguard its longevity, it’s advisable to eschew the temptation of reaching for that bottle of Windex.

Time to Consider a Fresh Screen Protector

With these newfound insights on how to effectively clean a tablet screen, you’re now equipped with valuable techniques. However, if concerns regarding potential damage from spills or accidental drops weigh on your mind, it might be an opportune moment to contemplate the installation of a screen protector.

Our ZeroDamage Screen Protector boasts a premium oleophobic coating, rendering it adept at effortlessly repelling fingerprints, much like your tablet’s original screen. What’s more, it arrives complete with all the essential tools for seamless application, including a unique alignment tool designed to snugly affix the screen protector in its rightful position.

While it’s true that no screen protector can lay claim to being entirely smudge-proof and may necessitate periodic cleaning and sanitizing, the advantages of safeguarding your tablet with a protector are myriad. These protective shields absorb the potentially screen-shattering impact of a mishap, sparing your valuable screen from costly damage. Moreover, a protector can breathe new life into an older, cherished screen that has seen its oleophobic coating gradually diminish over time.

What not to do:

In stark contrast to paper-based towels or the rough texture of your t-shirt, microfiber cloths offer a gentle and scratch-free solution for cleaning the delicate glass surfaces of your smartphone or tablet. Using these materials can eliminate the potential risk of both damaging the protective coating on your screen and inflicting scratches upon the glass itself. It’s crucial to exercise caution, however, if the cloth happens to bear a logo or image in its printed area, as this portion should be avoided during cleaning.

Here are some additional pointers to ensure a safe and effective cleaning process:

  • Take heed to prevent moisture from infiltrating any ports on your tablet, as water and devices like iPads are an incompatible mix.
  • Should you opt for a cleaning solution, be vigilant not to let it linger excessively on the screen. Prolonged exposure could result in the deposition of damaging residues, compromising the long-term health of your screen.
  • Refrain from using alcohol-based cleaners on your device, as these have the potential to harm the protective coating on most touch screens, thereby jeopardizing your tablet. It’s imperative to ensure that the cleaning solution you employ is ammonia-free.
  • Paper towels or facial tissues should be avoided at all costs when it comes to wiping or cleaning your tablet, as they carry a substantial risk of scratching the delicate surface of the screen. The sole safe method for cleaning your touch screen is to utilize a microfiber cloth.
  • Rest assured that the screen cleaner and microfiber included with all AM products are both gentle and effective, suitable for a diverse array of surfaces, including phones, camera lenses, eyeglasses, TVs, and car touch screens.

Can I use home cleaners to clean the touch screen?

It is imperative to refrain from using window cleaners, abrasive chemicals, or potent cleaning solvents when tending to the cleanliness of your tablet or mobile phone screen. Avoid direct spraying of any cleaning agents onto the screen, especially for devices like the iPhone and iPad, as their screens are coated with a special protective layer that can be compromised by the use of inappropriate chemicals.

While it is possible to acquire specialized cleaning sprays tailored for this purpose, it’s worth noting that some of these products can be relatively pricey due to their alcohol and water content.

Can I use a hairdryer to dry if the tablet or phone gets wet?

Should your tablet or phone inadvertently come into contact with moisture, it’s crucial to take immediate action. Power it off promptly, and if feasible, remove the battery to prevent any electrical damage. Allow the device to thoroughly dry before attempting to power it back on. Avoid the use of hairdryers, ovens, or microwaves to expedite the drying process, as these methods can inflict further harm.

The notion of placing a wet device in a container of rice is a commonly circulated remedy, yet it lacks conclusive evidence of efficacy. If you possess a proven and successful method for dealing with such situations, we encourage you to share it with us.

Screen cleaning kits, readily available at tech stores, emerge as the optimal solution for this type of cleaning endeavor. These kits are equipped with a specialized cleaning solution that outperforms regular water in terms of cleaning and hygiene. Additionally, the inclusion of specialized microfiber sponges and cloths ensures a thorough and effective screen cleaning experience.

How to Clean Tablet Screen

The handheld devices you interact with daily rank among the most contaminated objects you encounter. Surprisingly, the screens of your handheld devices, such as mobile phones and tablets, harbor a multitude of bacteria, surpassing even the cleanliness of a toilet seat. This unsavory condition arises due to the accumulation of dirt, sweat, and oil on the screen’s surface and within the device’s crevices.

Despite this alarming reality, many individuals neglect the cleaning of their tablet screens due to apprehensions about the correct procedure and potential damage to their devices.

This concern is entirely valid, as each electronic device is unique, and there exist numerous ways to inadvertently inflict permanent harm upon your tablet.

Nevertheless, there are universal guidelines that can be followed when seeking to understand how to effectively clean a tablet screen. In this article, we shall furnish you with these essential directives for achieving a pristine tablet screen. Let’s delve into the process of learning how to clean a tablet screen.

How to effectively clean tablet screen

To effectively clean your tablet screen, you’ll need two essential items: a pair of microfiber cloths (one for applying and one for wiping) and either an antimicrobial spray or plain water. You can easily acquire a touchscreen-safe cleaning spray and cloth from your nearest The FIX store. Alternatively, an alcohol-based solution can be used to eradicate any microbial presence on your tablet’s screen.

Nevertheless, it’s worth noting that some tablet touch screens may not react favorably to alcohol-based sprays, making it an inadvisable choice. Always refer to your tablet’s owner’s manual for guidance on suitable cleaning options. If your tablet screen prohibits the use of harsh chemicals, you can opt for a simple solution: soapy water.

Once you’ve determined which cleaning products to use for your tablet screen, begin by disconnecting all accessories and powering off your tablet.

After powering down your device, take the microfiber cloth and apply the antimicrobial spray onto the fabric. Be cautious not to directly spray the product onto the tablet screen, as doing so could result in chemical blotches and marks. It’s important to strike a balance; ensure the cloth is damp enough to effectively clean the screen, but avoid saturating it to the point of dripping.

Using the slightly dampened cloth, gently wipe down the tablet screen for cleaning. When wiping the tablet screen, commence from one side and progress to the other, avoiding circular motions that could merely redistribute oil and dirt across the screen instead of removing them.

Exercise caution to prevent the spray from entering any openings or crevices, such as the charging port or the earpiece speaker. Subsequently, employ the second dry microfiber cloth to gently dry off the screen.

Following these steps, your tablet screen will emerge immaculate and gleaming.

This method exemplifies the most effective approach to cleaning a tablet screen.

how to protect your mobile phone from physical damage


Protecting your mobile phone from physical damage is essential to ensure its longevity and functionality. Mobile phones are prone to various risks, including drops, impacts, and environmental factors. Here are some tips to help safeguard your mobile phone from physical harm:

  1. Use a Protective Case:
    • Invest in a high-quality protective case that fits your phone model. A good case can absorb shock during accidental drops and provide protection against scratches and dings.
  2. Install a Screen Protector:
    • Apply a screen protector to your phone’s display to guard against scratches and minor impacts. Screen protectors are available in various materials, including tempered glass and plastic film.
  3. Avoid Water and Liquids:
    • Keep your phone away from water, beverages, and other liquids. Consider using a waterproof case or pouch if you plan to be in environments where water exposure is likely.
  4. Use a Holster or Belt Clip:
    • If you carry your phone on your belt or in your pocket, consider using a holster or belt clip case. This keeps your phone secure and reduces the risk of it falling or being crushed.
  5. Handle with Care:
    • Be mindful when handling your phone, especially when using it with one hand. Avoid dropping it or exposing it to excessive force.
  6. Avoid Extreme Temperatures:
    • Extreme heat or cold can damage your phone’s battery and internal components. Keep your phone in a temperate environment, and avoid leaving it in direct sunlight or in a freezing car.
  7. Use a Wrist Strap or Lanyard:
    • Attach a wrist strap or lanyard to your phone to prevent accidental drops. Some phone cases come with built-in attachment points for these accessories.
  8. Regularly Clean Your Phone:
    • Use a soft, lint-free cloth to clean your phone’s screen and surfaces regularly. Remove dust, dirt, and oils that can cause scratches over time.
  9. Be Mindful of Pockets and Bags:
    • Avoid placing your phone in pockets or bags with sharp objects like keys or coins. These items can scratch the screen or damage the phone’s exterior.
  10. Use a Car Mount:
    • When using your phone for navigation in your car, use a secure car mount to keep it in place. This prevents the phone from sliding or falling during sudden stops.
  11. Keep It Secure in Crowded Places:
    • In crowded or public areas, ensure your phone is securely stored in a zipped pocket or bag to reduce the risk of theft or accidental damage.
  12. Backup Your Data:
    • Regularly back up your phone’s data to cloud storage or a computer. In case of physical damage or loss, you can recover your important information.
  13. Insurance and Warranty:
    • Consider purchasing mobile phone insurance or an extended warranty that covers accidental damage. This can provide financial protection in case of unforeseen accidents.
  14. Install Find My Phone:
    • Enable tracking features like “Find My Phone” (available on most smartphones). This can help locate your phone if it’s lost or stolen.
  15. Regular Maintenance:
    • Periodically inspect your phone for any signs of damage, such as cracks, loose parts, or water damage. Address any issues promptly.

There are many ways to protect your mobile phone from physical damage, such as scratches, cracks, water damage, or extreme temperatures. Here are some of the tips I found on the web:

  • Buy a screen protector. Modern smartphones usually have scratch- and impact-resistant screens made of Gorilla Glass or similar material, but they are not invincible. A screen protector can add an extra layer of protection to your phone’s screen and prevent it from shattering or getting scratched.
  • Use a quality phone case. A phone case can protect your phone’s body from dents, bumps, or drops. There are many types of phone cases available, such as silicone, leather, plastic, or metal. Choose one that fits your phone well and suits your style.
  • Avoid extreme conditions (hot and cold temperatures). Extreme heat or cold can damage your phone’s battery, screen, or internal components. Avoid leaving your phone in direct sunlight, near a heater, in a car, or in a freezer. Try to keep your phone in a moderate and stable temperature range.
  • Hold your phone firmly. One of the most common causes of phone damage is dropping it accidentally. To prevent this, hold your phone with a firm grip and avoid using it while walking, running, or doing other activities that might make you lose your balance. You can also use a phone holder or a wrist strap to secure your phone to your hand.
  • Keep the mobile device away from water. Water can cause short circuits, corrosion, or malfunctioning of your phone. Even if your phone is water-resistant or waterproof, it is not advisable to expose it to water for a long time or submerge it in deep water. If your phone gets wet, turn it off immediately and dry it with a soft cloth. You can also use rice, silica gel packets, or a hairdryer to absorb the moisture.
  • Get phone protection insurance service. If you want to have peace of mind and avoid paying for expensive repairs or replacements, you can buy a phone protection insurance service that covers your phone from accidental damage, theft, or loss. Carlcare offers phone protection insurance services for Infinix, TECNO, or itel phones.
  • Find a professional phone repair provider. If your phone gets damaged despite taking all the precautions, do not try to fix it yourself or take it to an unqualified technician. You might end up causing more damage or voiding your warranty. Instead, find a professional and authorized phone repair provider that can diagnose and fix your phone properly and safely.

By following these guidelines and practicing responsible mobile phone care, you can significantly reduce the risk of physical damage and prolong the life of your device.

How can I check if my phone has water damage?

One of the best ways to check if your phone has water damage is to look at the liquid damage indicator (LDI) on your phone. The LDI is a small strip that changes color when it comes in contact with water or other liquids. The location and appearance of the LDI may vary depending on the model and brand of your phone, but it is usually found inside the SIM card slot, the battery compartment, or the headphone jack.

To access the LDI, you will need to remove your phone case, SIM card tray, battery, or headphone plug, depending on where it is located. You may also need a SIM tray removal tool, a straightened paper clip, or a flashlight to help you see the LDI. Once you find the LDI, look for its color. If it is white or silver, that means there is no water damage. If it is red, pink, or maroon, that means the LDI has been activated and there is water damage.

If you suspect that your phone has water damage, you should turn it off immediately and dry it with a soft cloth. You can also use rice, silica gel packets, or a hairdryer to absorb the moisture. Do not try to charge your phone or use it until it is completely dry. You should also avoid trying to fix it yourself or taking it to an unqualified technician, as this may cause more damage or void your warranty. Instead, find a professional and authorized phone repair provider that can diagnose and fix your phone properly and safely.

How long does it take to dry a wet phone?

The time it takes to dry a wet phone depends on several factors, such as the extent of the water damage, the type of phone, and the method of drying. However, some general guidelines are:

  • If your phone has a water-resistance rating of IP67 or higher, it can withstand immersion in water for up to 30 minutes. However, this does not mean it is immune to water damage. You should still turn off your phone, remove any accessible parts, and dry it off as much as you can.
  • If your phone does not have a water-resistance rating, or if it has been exposed to water for longer than 30 minutes, you should try to dry it out as soon as possible. One of the most popular methods is to put your phone in a bowl of uncooked rice, which can absorb the moisture from your phone. You should leave your phone in rice for at least 24 to 36 hours, but expect this method to take longer if the water damage is severe.
  • Another method is to use silica gel packets, which are more effective than rice at absorbing moisture. You can find these packets in some products such as shoes, bags, or electronics. You should put your phone and several silica gel packets in a ziplock bag and seal it tightly. You should leave your phone in the bag for at least 48 hours.
  • A third method is to use a hairdryer or a fan to blow air over your phone. This can help evaporate the water from your phone, but you should be careful not to overheat your phone or blow water deeper into its ports. You should use a low heat setting and keep a safe distance from your phone. You should also rotate your phone and blow air into different openings.
  • No matter which method you use, you should not try to charge your phone or use it until it is completely dry. Doing so may cause short circuits or corrosion that can damage your phone permanently. You should also avoid trying to fix your phone yourself or taking it to an unqualified technician, as this may cause more damage or void your warranty. Instead, find a professional and authorized phone repair provider that can diagnose and fix your phone properly and safely.

What should I do if my phone doesn’t turn on after drying?

If your phone doesn’t turn on after drying, it is possible that the water damage has affected some of the internal components of your phone, such as the battery, the motherboard, or the screen. In this case, you may need to take your phone to a professional and authorized phone repair provider who can diagnose and fix your phone properly and safely. You can find some of the phone repair providers near you by using Bing Maps.

However, before you take your phone to a repair shop, you can try some of the following troubleshooting steps to see if you can revive your phone:

  • Try a different charger and cable. Sometimes, the charger or cable may be faulty or incompatible with your phone. Make sure you use a charger and cable that are designed for your phone model and have the correct voltage and current ratings.
  • Try a hard reset. A hard reset can sometimes fix software glitches or crashes that prevent your phone from turning on. To perform a hard reset, press and hold the power button and the volume down button (or the home button for some models) for about 10 seconds, until you see the logo of your phone manufacturer or a recovery menu on the screen.
  • Try removing and reinserting the battery (if removable). Sometimes, the battery may be loose or disconnected from the phone. Removing and reinserting the battery can help reestablish the connection and power up your phone. However, do not attempt this if your battery is swollen or damaged, as this may pose a fire hazard.
  • Try cleaning the charging port. The charging port may be clogged with dust, lint, or corrosion, which can prevent your phone from charging or turning on. You can use a toothpick, a cotton swab, or a soft brush to gently remove any debris from the port. Be careful not to damage the pins or insert anything too deep into the port.

How much does it cost to repair a water-damaged phone?

The cost to repair a water-damaged phone depends on several factors, such as the type of phone, the extent of the damage, the parts that need to be replaced, and the service provider you choose. According to some of the web results I found, the average cost of water damage repair can range from as little as $30 to well over $500. However, these are only estimates and may not reflect the actual price you will pay.

Some of the factors that can affect the cost of water damage repair are:

  • The type of phone. Different phone models have different components and designs that may make them more or less susceptible to water damage. For example, some phones have a water-resistance rating that can protect them from minor splashes or immersion, while others do not. Some phones also have a liquid damage indicator (LDI) that can show if the phone has been exposed to water or other liquids.
  • The extent of the damage. Water can cause various types of damage to your phone, such as short circuits, corrosion, malfunctioning, or screen cracks. The more damage your phone has, the more parts it may need to be replaced or repaired. For example, if your phone only needs a liquid cleaning, it may cost around $30 to $50. However, if your phone needs a new screen, battery, or motherboard, it may cost hundreds of dollars.
  • The parts that need to be replaced. The cost of water damage repair also depends on the availability and quality of the parts that need to be replaced. Some parts are more expensive than others, depending on their function and complexity. For example, a screen replacement can cost between $50 and $329, depending on the phone model and type of screen. A battery replacement can cost between $20 and $90, depending on the battery capacity and brand. A motherboard replacement can cost between $100 and $400, depending on the phone model and features.
  • The service provider you choose. The cost of water damage repair also varies depending on the service provider you choose. Some service providers may charge more or less than others, depending on their location, reputation, expertise, warranty, and turnaround time. For example, some service providers may offer a free diagnostic service or a no-fix-no-fee policy, while others may charge a fee for these services. Some service providers may also offer discounts or coupons for certain repairs or customers.

To get an accurate estimate of how much it will cost to repair your water-damaged phone, you should contact a professional and authorized phone repair provider near you. You can use Bing Maps to find some of the phone repair providers in your area. You should also compare different quotes and reviews from different service providers before choosing one.

How can I prevent my phone from getting water-damaged?

Water damage is one of the most common causes of phone malfunctioning or failure. To prevent your phone from getting water-damaged, you should follow these tips:

  • Invest in a waterproof pouch or case. A waterproof pouch or case can protect your phone from water, dust, sand, and other elements that can harm your phone. You can use a waterproof pouch or case when you are near water, such as at the beach, pool, or boat. Some examples of waterproof pouches or cases are CaliCase or JOTO.
  • Avoid extreme temperatures. Extreme heat or cold can affect your phone’s battery, screen, or internal components. High temperatures can cause your phone to overheat, expand, or explode. Low temperatures can reduce your phone’s battery life, performance, or functionality. You should avoid leaving your phone in direct sunlight, near a heater, in a car, or in a freezer. You should also keep your phone in a moderate and stable temperature range.
  • Use a screen protector and a quality phone case. A screen protector and a quality phone case can protect your phone from scratches, cracks, drops, or bumps. These can also prevent water from seeping into your phone’s crevices or openings. You should choose a screen protector and a phone case that fit your phone well and suit your style.
  • Check the water-resistance rating of your phone. Some phones have a water-resistance rating that indicates how well they can withstand exposure to water. The water-resistance rating is usually expressed as an IP code, such as IP67 or IP68. The first number represents the protection against solids, such as dust. The second number represents the protection against liquids, such as water. The higher the numbers, the better the protection. However, water resistance does not mean waterproof. You should still avoid submerging your phone in water for a long time or in deep water.
  • Clean the charging port and other openings regularly. The charging port and other openings of your phone may accumulate dust, lint, or corrosion over time. These can prevent your phone from charging properly or cause short circuits if they get wet. You should use a toothpick, a cotton swab, or a soft brush to gently remove any debris from these openings. Be careful not to damage the pins or insert anything too deep into these openings.

how to protect your laptop from physical damage


Protecting your laptop from physical damage is essential to ensure its longevity and functionality. Here are several tips to help safeguard your laptop from physical harm:

  1. Use a Protective Case:
    • Invest in a sturdy laptop case or sleeve designed to protect your laptop from scratches, dings, and minor impacts. Look for cases with padding for added protection.
  2. Handle with Care:
    • Always handle your laptop with clean hands to prevent smudges and avoid transferring dirt and oils to the device’s surfaces. Hold it securely with both hands when carrying it to prevent accidental drops.
  3. Avoid Liquid Exposure:
    • Keep liquids, including beverages and water bottles, away from your laptop. Spills can cause significant damage to the keyboard, motherboard, and other internal components.
  4. Elevate and Ventilate:
    • Place your laptop on a flat, clean surface when in use. Avoid using it on soft surfaces like beds or couches, as these can block ventilation and cause the laptop to overheat.
  5. Use a Laptop Stand:
    • Elevate your laptop with a stand or cooling pad to improve airflow and reduce heat buildup. This can help prevent overheating and potential damage.
  6. Protect Against Dust:
    • Dust and debris can accumulate inside your laptop, affecting its performance and potentially causing overheating. Keep your workspace clean, and consider using keyboard covers and screen protectors to minimize dust entry.
  7. Close the Lid Gently:
    • When closing the laptop lid, do so gently and avoid slamming it shut. Closing the lid with force can damage the hinges and screen.
  8. Secure Your Cables:
    • Keep cables and cords organized to prevent tripping hazards. Use cable clips or organizers to prevent damage to connectors and ports.
  9. Use a Surge Protector:
    • Plug your laptop into a surge protector to protect it from power surges and voltage spikes. This can help prevent damage caused by electrical issues.
  10. Transport Safely:
    • When carrying your laptop in a bag or backpack, ensure it’s properly secured. Avoid placing heavy objects on top of it, and use a dedicated laptop compartment in your bag if available.
  11. Screen Protection:
    • Consider using a screen protector to prevent scratches on the laptop screen. Additionally, avoid using your laptop in direct sunlight to prevent screen damage and overheating.
  12. Regular Cleaning:
    • Clean your laptop regularly, both externally and internally. Use a soft, lint-free cloth to wipe down the screen and surfaces. Periodically, clean the keyboard and vents to remove dust and debris.
  13. Backup Data:
    • Regularly back up your important data to an external hard drive or cloud storage. In the event of physical damage, you can recover your files without losing valuable information.
  14. Insurance and Warranty:
    • Consider purchasing laptop insurance or an extended warranty that covers accidental damage. This can provide financial protection in case of unforeseen accidents.
  15. Use a Lock:
    • If you need to leave your laptop unattended in a public place, use a laptop lock to secure it to a stationary object. This deters theft and prevents physical damage resulting from theft attempts.
  16. Regular Maintenance:
    • Schedule periodic maintenance and inspections of your laptop by a professional technician to ensure all components are in good working condition.

By following these precautions and practicing good laptop hygiene, you can significantly reduce the risk of physical damage and prolong the life of your laptop.

Other tips to follow to protect your laptop from damage:

There are many ways to protect your laptop from physical damage, such as scratches, dents, spills, or overheating. Here are some tips based on the web search results:

  • Use a good quality anti-theft backpack or laptop bag to carry your laptop. Make sure the bag has padding, especially on the bottom, to cushion any bumps or shocks. Also, look for a bag that has security features such as locks, zippers, hidden pockets, and slash-proof material to prevent theft.
  • Open your laptop carefully from the center, not from the side. Some laptops have very thin and flexible screens that can twist or bend if you open them from the side. This can damage the screen or the hinges.
  • Avoid putting any stickers, covers, or skins on your laptop screen or keyboard. These can interfere with the clearance between the screen and the keyboard and cause scratches or pressure marks. They can also trap dust and dirt that can damage the laptop.
  • Disconnect your power cord and other cables properly. Pull the power cord out straight, not sideways, to avoid damaging the port. Also, be aware of where your power cord is plugged in and avoid tripping over it or rolling over it with a chair. This can damage the cord or pull the laptop off the table.
  • Keep your laptop cool and ventilated. Avoid using your laptop in direct sunlight or near heat sources. Also, make sure the intake and exhaust vents are not blocked by anything, such as a pillow, blanket, or carpet. This can cause overheating and damage to the internal components

How can I clean my laptop screen without damaging it?

To clean your laptop screen without damaging it, you can follow these steps:

  • Turn off your laptop and unplug the power adapter and battery. This will prevent any electrical damage or shock
  • Use a microfiber cloth to gently wipe the screen in one direction. Do not use any paper products, such as tissue or kitchen rolls, as they can scratch the screen.
  • If the screen is still dirty, you can use a cleaning solution made of distilled water and white vinegar. Mix them in a 50/50 ratio and spray a small amount on the cloth, not on the screen. Then, wipe the screen again with the moistened cloth.
  • Avoid using any harsh chemicals, such as surface sprays or glass cleaners, as they can damage the protective coatings on the screen.
  • Let the screen dry completely before turning on your laptop again.

Can I use a screen protector on my laptop?

Yes, you can use a screen protector on your laptop, but there are some pros and cons to consider before you do so. A screen protector is a thin layer of material that covers your laptop screen and protects it from scratches, smudges, and keyboard marks. It can also provide some privacy by making it harder for others to see what you are doing on your laptop.

Some of the pros of using a screen protector are:

  • It can extend the lifespan of your laptop screen by preventing damage from dust, dirt, or accidental spills.
  • It can reduce glare and reflections from bright lights or sunlight, which can improve your visibility and comfort.
  • It can prevent fingerprints and oil from your skin from smearing your screen, which can affect the clarity and quality of your display.

Some of the cons of using a screen protector are:

  • It can reduce the brightness and contrast of your screen, which can make it harder to see details or colors.
  • It can affect the touch sensitivity and responsiveness of your screen, especially if you have a touchscreen laptop.
  • It can be difficult to apply and remove without leaving bubbles, dust, or residue on your screen.

If you decide to use a screen protector on your laptop, you should choose one that is compatible with your laptop model and size. You should also follow the instructions carefully when applying or removing it. There are different types of screen protectors available, such as plastic, tempered glass, anti-glare, or privacy. You should weigh the benefits and drawbacks of each type before making a purchase.

Certainly, here are some tips for protecting your laptop while on the go:

  1. Invest in a Quality Laptop Bag or Case: A sturdy, padded laptop bag or case is essential for protecting your laptop from bumps, drops, and scratches. Look for one that fits your laptop snugly and provides additional compartments for accessories.
  2. Use a Laptop Sleeve: If your laptop bag doesn’t offer enough padding, consider using a laptop sleeve or pouch to provide an extra layer of protection.
  3. Avoid Overloading Your Bag: Don’t cram too many items into your laptop bag. Overloading it can put pressure on your laptop and increase the risk of damage.
  4. Keep Your Laptop Dry: Invest in a waterproof laptop bag or carry a waterproof cover for your laptop in case of unexpected rain or spills.
  5. Handle with Care: When carrying your laptop, hold it with both hands to prevent accidental drops. Avoid swinging your bag or tossing it around.
  6. Use a Screen Protector: A screen protector can help prevent scratches on your laptop’s display.
  7. Secure Your Laptop: Always lock your laptop when not in use. Use a strong, unique password or biometric authentication like fingerprint or facial recognition.
  8. Backup Regularly: Ensure your important data is regularly backed up to an external drive or cloud storage in case your laptop is lost or damaged.
  9. Install Security Software: Keep your laptop protected from malware and viruses by installing reputable antivirus and anti-malware software.
  10. Update Software: Regularly update your laptop’s operating system and software to patch security vulnerabilities.
  11. Use a VPN: When connecting to public Wi-Fi networks, use a Virtual Private Network (VPN) to secure your internet connection and protect your data.
  12. Be Mindful of Where You Leave Your Laptop: Never leave your laptop unattended in public places. If you must leave it in your car, make sure it’s out of sight.
  13. Clean Your Laptop Carefully: Use appropriate cleaning materials to remove dust and dirt from your laptop’s keyboard and screen. Avoid using harsh chemicals or excessive moisture.
  14. Avoid Extreme Temperatures: Don’t leave your laptop in extremely hot or cold environments, as this can affect its performance and battery life.
  15. Use a Surge Protector: When working in areas with unreliable power sources, use a surge protector to safeguard your laptop from power surges.

By following these tips, you can help ensure that your laptop remains in good working condition and protected from common risks while you’re on the move.

Protect Your Laptop: Essential Tips for Ultimate Durability

In today’s fast-paced world, the laptop computer has seamlessly integrated into our daily lives. It accompanies us on our journeys, from the bustling office to the serene coffee shop and the bustling conference room. It perches on airplane trays, finds its place on the arms of couches, rests on desks, and even sits snugly on our laps. Given its omnipresence, it’s imperative to safeguard your laptop from accidents and mishaps. Whether you’re globetrotting or simply commuting between home and the office, here are some invaluable tips on how to protect your laptop.

1. Secure Your Investment with a Reliable Laptop Bag

Laptops are designed for portability, making it vital to prioritize their protection. The first step in safeguarding your device is investing in a high-quality laptop bag.

Look for a laptop bag with padded compartments tailored to your laptop’s size, preventing unnecessary jostling during transit. There’s a wide array of styles to choose from, including backpacks, messenger bags, and briefcases, allowing you to pick one that suits your lifestyle.

The best laptop bags also feature a dedicated section for the power supply and are constructed from robust, water-resistant, or even waterproof materials. For an added layer of security, consider acquiring a laptop sleeve to further shield your device, especially if your bag falls short in terms of protection.

2. Maintain Keyboard Hygiene with a Keyboard Cover

Have you noticed dust and crumbs accumulating around your keyboard keys? Contaminants can infiltrate your laptop through the keyboard and accumulate over time, affecting its long-term functionality. A simple yet effective solution is investing in a keyboard cover.

While most keyboard covers aren’t designed to safeguard against major spills, they can help thwart minor splashes from penetrating between the keys. Additionally, they can prevent key wear due to prolonged use, extending your laptop’s lifespan.

3. Strengthen Protection with a Hard Case

Do you frequently place your coffee or tea perilously close to your laptop? Or find yourself balancing your laptop precariously for a brief moment? For many, these everyday situations can lead to unfortunate accidents.

This is where a hard case for your laptop becomes invaluable. These cases securely attach to your laptop, providing protection against impact. Many also offer keyboard protection and act as a formidable barrier against liquid spills, dust, and other contaminants.

4. Consider Laptop Insurance

If you worry about accidental damage or theft, laptop insurance can offer peace of mind, especially for high-end laptops that are costly to replace.

When selecting insurance, thoroughly review the coverage details to avoid any surprises when making a claim. Keep a printed or digital copy of the insurance coverage description as proof of your purchase and retain information about your laptop’s value.

5. Preserve Battery Life: Avoid Constant Charging

It may seem counterintuitive, but leaving your laptop plugged in all the time can shorten its battery’s lifespan. Constant charging generates heat within the laptop, which can degrade the battery over time. Therefore, it’s advisable to only plug in your laptop when it requires charging.

Some modern laptops offer battery-saving features that prevent the battery from reaching a full 100% charge when plugged in, further enhancing battery longevity.

6. Invest in a Comprehensive Tech Support and Repair Plan

Tech support and repair plans merge insurance coverage with repair services and technical support. These plans grant access to remote support for troubleshooting at home and the option to schedule repairs or obtain replacements. They represent a wise investment for ensuring the long-term care of your technology, offering you peace of mind.

By adhering to these expert tips, you’ll fortify your laptop’s durability, ensuring it remains your trusty companion throughout your daily adventures. Protecting your investment is not just a smart move—it’s essential in today’s tech-centric world

How to protect your laptop from scratches?

Protecting your laptop from scratches is essential to maintain its appearance and prevent potential damage to the screen and other surfaces. Here are some tips to help safeguard your laptop from scratches:
  1. Use a Laptop Sleeve or Case:
    • Invest in a laptop sleeve or case with padding to protect your laptop from scratches when it’s not in use or during transport. These provide an extra layer of protection against minor bumps and scratches.
  2. Screen Protector:
    • Consider applying a screen protector to your laptop’s display. These thin, clear films can prevent scratches on the screen and are easily replaceable if they become scratched themselves.
  3. Clean Workspace:
    • Keep your workspace clean and free of debris. A clutter-free environment reduces the chances of objects inadvertently scratching your laptop’s surfaces.
  4. Use a Keyboard Cover:
    • Consider using a keyboard cover when not typing to prevent dust and debris from accumulating on the keyboard, which can potentially scratch the screen when the laptop is closed.
  5. Clean Hands:
    • Always wash your hands or use hand sanitizer before using your laptop. Oils and dirt from your hands can transfer to the laptop’s surfaces and cause scratches over time.
  6. Store Properly:
    • When not in use, store your laptop in a safe and clean location. Avoid placing it on surfaces with abrasive materials that can scratch the bottom of the laptop.
  7. Lift and Move Carefully:
    • Lift and move your laptop with care, avoiding dragging it across surfaces. Dragging can lead to scratches on the laptop’s bottom or edges.
  8. Avoid Sharp Objects:
    • Keep sharp objects, such as keys, pens, and paperclips, away from your laptop. These items can easily cause scratches if they come into contact with the laptop’s surfaces.
  9. Clean with Caution:
    • When cleaning your laptop, use a soft, lint-free microfiber cloth or screen cleaning wipes specifically designed for electronics. Avoid using abrasive materials like paper towels, as they can scratch the screen.
  10. Use a Laptop Skin:
    • Consider applying a laptop skin or decal to the outer surfaces of your laptop. These adhesive covers not only protect against scratches but also allow you to personalize your laptop’s appearance.
  11. Keep Pets Away:
    • If you have pets, ensure they are not near your laptop when in use. Pet hair and claws can accidentally scratch the laptop’s surfaces.
  12. Transport Safely:
    • When carrying your laptop in a bag or backpack, ensure it’s in a dedicated compartment or sleeve. Avoid placing it alongside objects that could scratch it during transit.
  13. Regular Maintenance:
    • Periodically inspect your laptop for any signs of scratches or damage. Promptly address any minor scratches to prevent them from becoming worse over time.

Scratches can ruin the appearance and value of your laptop, so it’s important to protect it from them. Here are some tips based on the web search results:

  • Use a screen protector to shield your laptop screen from scratches, dust, and fingerprints. A screen protector is a thin layer of material that covers your screen and can be easily applied and removed. You can choose from different types of screen protectors, such as plastic, tempered glass, anti-glare, or privacy.
  • Use keyboard skins to prevent scratches on your keyboard and laptop body. Keyboard skins are soft covers that fit over your keyboard and protect it from dirt, spills, and wear. They also add some style and personality to your laptop.
  • Add a wrist pad to avoid scratching your laptop with your wrist or watch. A wrist pad is a cushioned pad that rests on the edge of your laptop and supports your wrist while typing. It can also prevent your wrist or watch from rubbing against the laptop’s surface and causing scratches.
  • Invest in a durable laptop that can withstand scratches and impacts. Some laptops are made of sturdy materials, such as metal or carbon fiber, that are more resistant to scratches than plastic. They also have reinforced corners and edges that can absorb shocks and drops.
  • Use a bag specifically for laptops to carry your laptop safely. A laptop bag is a backpack or case that has a padded compartment for your laptop and other accessories. It can protect your laptop from bumps, shocks, and theft. Look for a bag that has locks, zippers, hidden pockets, and slash-proof material.
  • Keep your laptop cool and well-ventilated to avoid overheating and melting. Overheating can damage the internal components of your laptop and cause the plastic parts to warp or melt. Avoid using your laptop in direct sunlight or near heat sources. Also, make sure nothing blocks the air vents, such as a pillow, blanket, or carpet.
  • Avoid eating and drinking around your laptop to prevent spills and stains. Spills can cause liquid damage to your laptop and stains can make it look dirty and unprofessional. If you have to eat or drink near your laptop, use a spill-proof cup or bottle and keep it away from your laptop.

By following these precautions and practicing good laptop care habits, you can minimize the risk of scratches and help your laptop maintain its pristine appearance.

How to protect your laptop while traveling?

Traveling with your laptop can be convenient and productive, but also risky and challenging. You need to protect your laptop from physical damage, theft, and cyberattacks while you are on the go. Here are some tips based on the web search results:

  • Use a reliable and padded case or bag to transport your laptop. A good case or bag will cushion your laptop from bumps and shocks and also have security features such as locks, zippers, hidden pockets, and slash-proof material to prevent theft.
  • Keep your laptop with you at all times while traveling. Do not leave your laptop unattended in airports, train stations, bus terminals, or hotel rooms. If you have to leave your laptop in your hotel room, use a security cable lock to secure it to a fixed object.
  • Use a screen protector, a keyboard skin, and a wrist pad to prevent scratches and damage to your laptop screen, keyboard, and body. These accessories will also protect your laptop from dust, dirt, spills, and fingerprints.
  • Keep your laptop cool and well-ventilated to avoid overheating and melting. Avoid using your laptop in direct sunlight or near heat sources. Also, make sure nothing blocks the air vents, such as a pillow, blanket, or carpet.
  • Avoid eating and drinking around your laptop to prevent spills and stains. Spills can cause liquid damage to your laptop and stains can make it look dirty and unprofessional. If you have to eat or drink near your laptop, use a spill-proof cup or bottle and keep it away from your laptop.
  • Encrypt or delete sensitive files on your laptop, such as personal or financial documents, business information, password lists, etc. This will protect your data if your laptop is stolen or compromised.
  • Use antivirus software and a VPN (virtual private network) to protect your laptop from cyberattacks. An antivirus software will scan and remove any malware or viruses on your laptop. A VPN will encrypt your internet traffic and hide your IP address when you use public Wi-Fi networks.
  • Install theft recovery software on your laptop that can track its location, lock it remotely, or wipe its data if it is lost or stolen.
  • Record your laptop details, such as the model, serial number, MAC address, etc. This will help you identify your laptop if it is recovered or report it if it is stolen.
  • Purchase travel insurance that covers your laptop in case of loss, theft, or damage. Check the policy details carefully to see what is covered and what is not. Also, keep the receipts and proof of ownership of your laptop in case you need to file a claim.

Samsung Odyssey OLED G8 Gaming Monitor Review: High-Performance Gaming With Smart TV



When it comes to color vibrancy and overall image quality, the Samsung OLED G8 stands as a pinnacle. Not only does it excel in delivering exceptional gaming experiences, but it also seamlessly integrates convenient Smart TV features. This display isn’t just a monitor; it’s a comprehensive solution that effortlessly bridges work and entertainment.


  • Offers a breathtaking image with vivid color and remarkable contrast
  • Requires no calibration for both SDR and HDR modes
  • Achieves professional-level accuracy for DCI-P3 and sRGB color gamuts
  • Boasts low input lag and nearly flawless motion processing
  • Functions seamlessly as a television, featuring integrated Smart TV apps for added convenience


  • Features a complex user interface that may pose a learning curve
  • Comes with a mini HDMI input, but does not include a mini HDMI cable
  • Lacks audio output or HDMI ARC support

In the modern landscape of entertainment and productivity, the line separating a television and a computer monitor has grown remarkably thin. You can easily acquire a 50-inch TV at an affordable price and use it seamlessly with your PC and gaming console. Conversely, you can opt for a gaming monitor, connect it to a PC and an Apple TV, and instantly transform your desktop into a personal entertainment hub.

It was only a matter of time before someone amalgamated the features of both types of displays into a single, versatile product. Enter Samsung’s OLED G8—a 34-inch curved ultra-wide OLED panel that boasts a comprehensive gaming pedigree, featuring an impressive 175 Hz refresh rate, Adaptive-Sync technology, HDR support, and a broad gamut of colors. What sets it apart is the inclusion of Smart TV capabilities, enabling you to stream movies and shows from major providers like Netflix and Amazon. Furthermore, it features Game Hub, allowing you to enjoy games without the need for a dedicated PC or console. This innovation offers users the best of both worlds in a sleek and compact package.

Samsung Odyssey OLED G8 Specs

Panel Type / Backlight Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED
Screen Size / Aspect Ratio 34 inches / 21:9 Curve radius: 1800mm
Max Resolution & Refresh Rate 3440×1440 @ 175 Hz FreeSync: 48-175 Hz G-Sync Compatible
Native Color Depth & Gamut 10-bit / DCI-P3 HDR10, DisplayHDR 400
Response Time (GTG) 0.03ms
Brightness (mfr) 250 nits SDR 400 nits HDR
Contrast (mfr) 1,000,000:1
Speakers 2x 5w
Video Inputs 1x Mini DisplayPort 1.2 1x Mini HDMI 2.1 1x USB-C
Audio None
USB 3.2 1x USB-C
Power Consumption 59.5w, brightness @ 200 nits
Panel Dimensions WxHxD w/base 32 x 15.8-20.6 x 7.6 inches (814 x 401-523 x 193mm)
Panel Thickness 5 inches (128mm)
Bezel Width Top: 0.3 inch (7mm) Sides: 0.4 inch (10mm) Bottom: 0.6 inch (14mm)
Weight 16.5 pounds (7.5kg)
Warranty 3 years

When it comes to gaming monitors, the Samsung OLED G8 truly has it all. This remarkable panel boasts an impressive refresh rate of up to 175 Hz, coupled with Adaptive-Sync technology and nearly flawless video processing. The input lag is exceptionally low, and the motion resolution surpasses the capabilities of any LCD display. Samsung claims an astonishing 0.03ms response time, and my tests and observations confirm that there is no reason to doubt this claim. Notably, there’s no necessity for overdrive or strobing to achieve these outstanding results.

The image quality offered by the Samsung OLED G8 stands on par with other OLED displays I’ve assessed, thanks to its unmatched black levels and infinite contrast—a feat that no Mini LED or zone-dimming panel can replicate naturally. What sets the OLED G8 apart is its superior color gamut volume, covering over 108% of the DCI-P3 spectrum. This remarkable achievement is rivaled only by the Philips 32M2C8600, a display I reviewed recently.

Furthermore, the OLED G8 excels in delivering an exceptional HDR experience, boasting support for both HDR10 and HDR10+ signals, along with a DisplayHDR 400 certification. The inclusion of HDR10+ is particularly noteworthy, as it represents an emerging standard that incorporates dynamic metadata, allowing content to adapt its tone mapping for each display—similar to Dolby Vision. To fully capitalize on this feature, you’ll require HDR10+ encoded games or streams.

On the television front, the Samsung OLED G8 offers the impressive Samsung Smart TV interface. This interface comes loaded with apps from all major TV and movie content providers, including game streaming services. The best part is that everything is pre-installed, requiring no additional downloads—just a simple setup wizard when you initially power up the OLED G8. To make your streaming experience even more convenient, the remote control includes dedicated buttons for popular platforms like Netflix, Disney, and Prime Video. Plus, you have the option to add more apps from Samsung’s online store.

Positioned to compete with the finest gaming monitors regardless of the price, the OLED G8 is undoubtedly a premium display. As of now, it’s priced at around $1,800, a sum that could fetch you a high-quality television. However, the OLED G8’s added gaming monitor features, including DisplayPort compatibility, fast refresh rates, and G-Sync support, provide extra value that you wouldn’t find in a traditional TV. Additionally, it boasts a decent pair of integrated speakers and even features LED lighting at the back. If any of this piques your interest, there’s plenty more to explore in this exceptional offering.

Assembly and Accessories

The Samsung OLED G8 arrives with a compact yet sturdy stand, requiring assembly with a Phillips-head screwdriver. Once assembled, it securely attaches to the panel, forming a robust package. In the package, you’ll also find a petite remote control, which proves quite handy for managing the Smart TV apps and features voice control capabilities. However, it’s worth noting that the external power brick accompanying the display is relatively large, necessitating finding a suitable location for it. On the bright side, it comes with a lengthy cord featuring a right-angled plug for wall connection.

It’s important to mention that the only video cable included with the package is a Mini DisplayPort cable. This might be a disappointment for some since the HDMI input is also of the Mini variety. It’s not a common cable to have on hand, so in my case, I had to purchase one online, which set me back about $12.

Product 360

The Samsung OLED G8 exudes the unmistakable Samsung styling, featuring a white back complemented by the silver and black stand. Notably, the power brick that accompanies it ranks among the largest I’ve ever encountered, requiring a bit of strategic placement to conceal. Fortunately, its associated cords are sufficiently long, allowing for floor placement, and it includes a thoughtful right-angled wall plug.

Taking a look at the front, the OLED G8 presents an all-screen view with a slim and flush bezel encompassing all sides. Although it’s not entirely frameless, you’ll hardly notice the border when your gaze is fixed on the breathtaking image it delivers. While it may not match the brightness of high-end Mini LED displays, it possesses a radiant glow and depth that surpasses what any LCD can achieve. Moreover, its sharpness is impeccable, courtesy of the self-emissive pixels it employs.

The stand, in particular, stands out for its robustness, offering tilt adjustments of 2/20 degrees and a height adjustment of 120mm. However, it doesn’t feature swivel functionality or portrait mode. Surrounding the panel’s attachment point is an LED ring aptly named Core Lighting, which can be configured in the on-screen display (OSD). This feature provides six distinct lighting effects, or you can opt for the display to synchronize with on-screen content. It’s a fantastic way to add flair to your setup and perhaps even distract opponents during LAN parties.

The OLED G8 comes equipped with a compact remote control that conveniently charges via a USB-C port located at the bottom. This remote covers all monitor functions, though it may not be immediately intuitive to use. Luckily, the operating instructions are accessible in the on-screen display (OSD). Once you’ve grasped its operation, it becomes straightforward to adjust menu settings for gaming or navigate the Smart TV apps.

Now, let’s take a look at the input panel, which offers a distinctive array of connections. It includes the essential HDMI, DisplayPort, and USB-C inputs (for more on HDMI vs. DisplayPort, see here), but it’s worth noting that the former two are of the mini variety. While this wouldn’t be an issue if Samsung had included all the required cables, the package only includes a Mini DisplayPort cable. As someone who has reviewed and tested numerous displays, I’ve never encountered a need for a Mini HDMI cable.

The OLED G8 provides support for Variable Refresh Rate (VRR) for consoles at refresh rates up to 120 Hz. The Mini DisplayPort offers the full 175 Hz refresh rate with the added benefit of G-Sync or FreeSync compatibility, along with support for HDR10 and 10-bit color. Additionally, you have the convenience of two USB-C ports that accept video signals, with one capable of charging your devices with up to 60 watts of power.

SmartTV on the Samsung OLED G8

SmartTV on the Samsung OLED G8

Pressing the home button on the remote provides instant access to the OLED G8’s Smart interface, which boasts a wide selection of popular streaming apps, including Netflix, Prime Video, Disney, and Apple TV+. If your preferred app isn’t visible, it’s likely available for download once you’ve set up a Samsung account. You’ll likely be prompted to do so during the initial power-up process.

The remote control itself features dedicated buttons for Disney+, Netflix, and Prime Video, streamlining your access to these platforms. Additionally, the OLED G8 offers Samsung TV Plus, which serves as a reasonable alternative to traditional cable TV, offering live shows and multiple channels. However, it’s worth noting that much of the content there is in standard definition and may exhibit lower video quality. Nevertheless, if you’re looking for background entertainment like “Hell’s Kitchen” while you work, you can have it on for free through this feature.

SmartTV on the Samsung OLED G8

The OLED G8 also includes Samsung’s Game Hub, featuring apps from Xbox and other gaming services. This hub offers the convenience of streaming certain games directly without the need for a dedicated PC or console. When you first open the Game Hub, it will prompt you to connect a controller. Once connected, you can enjoy game streaming without the necessity of downloading the games themselves. It’s important to note that the quality of this experience may vary depending on the specific titles, services, and the speed of your internet connection.

OSD Features of the Samsung OLED G8

The OLED G8’s on-screen display (OSD) can be managed either with the remote control or through a small joystick located at the rear of the display. The menu closely resembles the one typically found in Samsung TVs. However, for users more accustomed to computer monitors, like myself, there may be a slight learning curve involved in navigating and adjusting settings within the OSD.

OSD Features of the Samsung OLED G8

The Picture menu on the OLED G8 offers a comprehensive set of calibration controls, although you may find that you won’t need to use them. I discovered that the Samsung OLED G8 delivered nearly impeccable performance right out of the box. When Game mode is activated, there are no predefined picture presets available, but if you desire, you can fine-tune the image by accessing the Expert Settings sub-menu.

Within this sub-menu, you’ll encounter a wealth of traditional calibration options, including two and 20-point white balance adjustments, gamma presets, color gamut choices, color management tools, and a variety of other tweaks. While I didn’t find it necessary to calibrate the OLED G8 extensively, I did make a minor adjustment to the Shadow Detail slider to correct a slight gamma error. Furthermore, you have the option to select between the native color gamut, which covers over 108% of DCI-P3, or Custom, which opts for sRGB when viewing SDR content. Opting for Auto in this menu allows the display to automatically switch between color gamuts in response to SDR and HDR signals.

The internal speakers on the OLED G8 deliver impressive sound quality and offer multiple sound modes, along with user-adjustable options such as balance and EQ settings. Notably, the OLED G8 supports Dolby Atmos sound, a feature typically associated with systems featuring at least seven speakers. However, through clever phasing effects, this display manages to create an immersive sound experience. Dolby Atmos is supported by streaming platforms like Netflix and Apple TV+.

Moreover, the OLED G8 boasts AirPlay support, enabling you to effortlessly stream both music and video from a phone or tablet to the display.

In an effort to rival dedicated gaming monitors, the G8 includes features such as an aiming point and Dynamic Black Equalizer, which enhances shadow detail in your games. Additionally, it offers HDR Tone Mapping with both basic and advanced options, as well as a toggle for HDR10+ support—an emerging standard that incorporates dynamic metadata for fine-tuning tone mapping on a display-by-display basis, akin to Dolby Vision.

Within the Support menu, you’ll discover a wealth of resources, including manuals for all components, including the remote control. You can also initiate screen conditioning programs like pixel shift and refresh, and if necessary, perform a firmware update directly from this menu. My sample unit automatically updated itself during its initial setup.

Samsung OLED G8 Calibration Settings

The OLED G8’s exceptional performance means that it does not require extensive calibration. It’s so close to the specifications that I couldn’t discern any noticeable improvement in visual quality or measured values with any of the provided adjustments. If you prefer the full color gamut for all types of content, simply select “Native” from the color space menu.

Choosing “Custom” will force the G8 into sRGB mode, while “Auto” enables automatic color switching based on the signal type. During testing, the only issue I observed was slightly bright shadow areas, which I rectified by adjusting the Shadow Detail slider to -2. For SDR content, I recommend using the Graphic picture mode, while when watching HDR content through SmartTV, the Movie mode delivers the most accurate results. Here are my recommended settings:

  • Color Space: Native (for full-color gamut)
  • Shadow Detail: -2
  • SDR Content Picture Mode: Graphic
  • HDR Content Picture Mode (via SmartTV): Movie

These settings should help you make the most of your OLED G8’s remarkable performance without the need for extensive calibration.

Picture Mode SDR Graphic / HDR Movie
Brightness 200 nits 38
Brightness 120 nits 16
Brightness 100 nits 10
Brightness 80 nits 5
Shadow Detail -2
Gamma 1
Color Tone Standard
Color Space Native = DCI-P3 Custom = sRGB

Gaming and Hands-on with the Samsung OLED G8

The Samsung OLED G8 is undeniably a versatile display, excelling in productivity, gaming, and media tasks. While its screen curvature is noticeable, it doesn’t distort images when working on spreadsheets or word processing. The wide screen comfortably accommodates multiple open documents, and its sufficient height reduces the need for excessive scrolling when browsing websites. When it comes to graphics and photo editing, the display’s outstanding color performance shines. The expansive color gamut, particularly noticeable in vibrant reds, sets it apart from any LCD I’ve encountered. It’s becoming increasingly evident that OLED monitors are the future for my reference desktop setup.

Gaming on this display is incredibly immersive. The Samsung OLED G8, like all OLEDs, boasts exceptional video processing capabilities, eliminating the need for overdrive or strobing to achieve flawless motion resolution. Whether testing with Blur Busters patterns or engaging in intense battles in Doom Eternal, the screen’s response to control inputs is instantaneous, and details in both close and distant views remain exceptionally sharp. The display’s remarkable contrast further enhances the three-dimensional appearance of rendered objects.

And then there’s the color! The vivid saturation is simply irresistible, making gaming an absolute delight. The Samsung OLED G8 ranks among the most color-rich monitors I’ve ever had the pleasure of using.

While exploring the Smart TV interface on the Samsung OLED G8 using apps like Netflix and Disney+, I found the experience to be akin to using a television. You can effortlessly watch available content, and the display supports HDR10, HDR10+, and premium audio formats like Dolby Atmos.

The integrated speakers impressed me, delivering sound quality on par with high-end televisions. However, there is one significant limitation—the lack of audio output options commonly found on TVs, such as a 3.5mm jack or TOSLink, and the absence of HDMI Audio Return Channel (ARC). ARC is a standard feature on most TVs, allowing audio from streaming apps to be sent to an external sound system, such as powered speakers or an AV receiver.

Despite its impressive capabilities, the OLED G8’s user interface leaves something to be desired. It feels disjointed, as if various engineering teams designed different parts of the display without fully integrating them into a cohesive whole. The on-screen display (OSD) appears in three different versions: one as a sidebar within Smart TV, one that accompanies the panel’s joystick controller, and a third that appears when using the remote.

I found myself needing to consult the user manuals multiple times to uncover hidden functions and shortcuts, which underscores the complexity of the interface. Additionally, the remote would benefit from an input selector button, and when input menus are displayed on the screen, they don’t simply indicate “HDMI” or “DisplayPort” but rather attempt to identify the connected device.

In summary, the OLED G8 is a versatile display that excels in various aspects but may require some exploration to make the most of its features. It stands out as an exceptional gaming monitor, delivering impressive performance and image quality that will thrill gamers. When it comes to productivity, its vibrant color and contrast make work enjoyable. Watching TV is convenient, and the image quality is excellent. However, there are limitations when it comes to audio connectivity, as you cannot easily connect external audio devices. While the internal speakers are decent, they can’t compete with a good pair of headphones.

Zero Day Exploit: A Comprehensive Guide


In the ever-evolving landscape of cybersecurity, staying ahead of potential threats is paramount. Among the most concerning vulnerabilities are zero-day exploits, which can wreak havoc on systems and data. In this comprehensive guide, we delve deep into the world of zero-day exploits, offering valuable insights, expert analysis, and actionable advice to help you understand, mitigate, and protect your digital assets.

Understanding Zero-Day Exploits

What Are Zero-Day Exploits?

Zero-day exploits are a type of cyber attack that targets vulnerabilities in software or hardware that are unknown to the vendor, hence the term “zero-day.” These attacks occur on the same day that the vulnerability is discovered by malicious actors, leaving no time for developers to release patches or fixes. This makes zero-day exploits particularly dangerous, as they can be unleashed without warning, potentially causing significant damage.

How Do Zero-Day Exploits Work?

Zero-day exploits typically follow a sequence of events:

  1. Discovery: The attacker identifies a vulnerability in a software application, operating system, or hardware component.
  2. Exploitation: The attacker creates a malicious code or payload that takes advantage of the vulnerability to gain unauthorized access or control over the targeted system.
  3. Delivery: The attacker deploys the exploit, often through email attachments, infected websites, or other means.
  4. Execution: Once the exploit is executed, it can lead to data breaches, system crashes, or other malicious activities.

The Impact of Zero-Day Exploits

Zero-day exploits can have severe consequences for individuals, businesses, and even governments. Some of the potential impacts include:

Data Breaches

Zero-day exploits can lead to unauthorized access to sensitive data, such as personal information, financial records, or intellectual property. This breach of confidentiality can result in financial losses and damage to an organization’s reputation.

System Compromise

When a zero-day exploit is successfully executed, the attacker gains control over the targeted system. This can lead to data manipulation, software malfunctions, and even a complete system takeover.

Financial Losses

Remediating the damage caused by a zero-day exploit can be costly. Businesses may incur expenses related to incident response, legal fees, and regulatory fines.

Protecting Against Zero-Day Exploits

Stay Informed

To defend against zero-day exploits, it’s crucial to stay informed about the latest vulnerabilities and security updates. Subscribing to security newsletters, following industry blogs, and monitoring vendor advisories can help you keep abreast of emerging threats.

Implement Strong Security Measures

Prevention is key. Employ robust cybersecurity measures, including firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and antivirus software. Regularly update and patch your systems to address known vulnerabilities.

Employee Training

Human error is often a weak point in cybersecurity. Ensure that your employees are well-trained in recognizing phishing attempts and other social engineering tactics that can lead to zero-day exploits.

Zero-Day Vulnerability Disclosure Programs

Some organizations offer bug bounty programs, encouraging ethical hackers to discover and report vulnerabilities before malicious actors can exploit them. Participating in these programs can enhance your security posture.

Zero-day vulnerabilities represent undiscovered security weaknesses within IT systems. When threat actors uncover these vulnerabilities before anyone else does, they gain the potential to exploit the system. This exploitation may involve actions such as gaining unauthorized access, executing code, stealing data, or taking remote control, among others.

Regrettably, victims of such breaches find themselves in a precarious situation, as there is no immediate remedy available. They remain vulnerable until a patch becomes accessible, a process that can span from a few days to several months, leaving them exposed to potential cyber threats and attacks.

What Is a Zero-Day Exploit?

Understanding Zero-Day Exploits: Clarifying the Terminology

The term “zero-day exploit” carries a significant weight in the realm of cybersecurity, often shrouded in confusion. Let’s unravel this complexity and shed light on the distinct roles played by zero-day vulnerabilities, zero-day exploits, and zero-day attacks:

  1. Zero-Day Vulnerabilities: These are security flaws lurking in software, hardware, or firmware, discovered by individuals outside the purview of the responsible software vendor. They exist in a state of obscurity until the vendor becomes aware of the issue.
  2. Zero-Day Exploits: A zero-day exploit is a precise technique or strategy employed by hackers to capitalize on a zero-day vulnerability. It’s the means by which threat actors compromise an IT system.
  3. Zero-Day Attacks: These are cyber assaults orchestrated around a zero-day exploit. They rely on the exploit’s power to infiltrate and harm the target system.

A zero-day exploit typically serves as a stepping stone for hackers, granting them unauthorized access or control over a system. Once this foothold is established, the malefactors can proceed with their ultimate objectives, such as data theft, ransomware deployment, or advanced persistent threats (APTs).

It’s worth noting that approximately 75% of zero-day exploits hinge on memory corruption issues, facilitating actions like buffer overflows or out-of-bounds read/write operations. Meanwhile, logic and design flaws, allowing for sandbox escapes and remote privilege escalations, account for the second most prevalent cause (around 14%).

In an ideal scenario, the individual who uncovers a zero-day vulnerability acts as an ethical hacker, promptly notifying the software vendor. The vendor, armed with this knowledge, undertakes code rectification and disseminates a patch. It’s imperative for users to expeditiously update their systems with the provided patch to thwart potential threats. Unfortunately, a substantial portion of users neglect this crucial step, enabling cybercriminals to persistently employ the same exploit even after the vendor has supplied a remedy.

Understanding Zero-Day Exploits: Clarifying the Terminology The term "zero-day exploit" carries a significant weight in the realm of cybersecurity, often shrouded in confusion. Let's unravel this complexity and shed light on the distinct roles played by zero-day vulnerabilities, zero-day exploits, and zero-day attacks: Zero-Day Vulnerabilities: These are security flaws lurking in software, hardware, or firmware, discovered by individuals outside the purview of the responsible software vendor. They exist in a state of obscurity until the vendor becomes aware of the issue. Zero-Day Exploits: A zero-day exploit is a precise technique or strategy employed by hackers to capitalize on a zero-day vulnerability. It's the means by which threat actors compromise an IT system. Zero-Day Attacks: These are cyber assaults orchestrated around a zero-day exploit. They rely on the exploit's power to infiltrate and harm the target system. A zero-day exploit typically serves as a stepping stone for hackers, granting them unauthorized access or control over a system. Once this foothold is established, the malefactors can proceed with their ultimate objectives, such as data theft, ransomware deployment, or advanced persistent threats (APTs). It's worth noting that approximately 75% of zero-day exploits hinge on memory corruption issues, facilitating actions like buffer overflows or out-of-bounds read/write operations. Meanwhile, logic and design flaws, allowing for sandbox escapes and remote privilege escalations, account for the second most prevalent cause (around 14%). In an ideal scenario, the individual who uncovers a zero-day vulnerability acts as an ethical hacker, promptly notifying the software vendor. The vendor, armed with this knowledge, undertakes code rectification and disseminates a patch. It's imperative for users to expeditiously update their systems with the provided patch to thwart potential threats. Unfortunately, a substantial portion of users neglects this crucial step, enabling cybercriminals to persistently employ the same exploit even after the vendor has supplied a remedy.

What Is the Best Example of a Zero-Day Exploit?

Here are some notable instances of devastating zero-day exploits from recent years:

  1. WhatsApp (2019): In 2019, hackers exploited a vulnerability in WhatsApp’s voice call feature to implant spyware on user devices. This led to the compromise of thousands of devices, allowing attackers to eavesdrop on calls and messages.
  2. ZOOM (2020): In 2020, threat actors uncovered a vulnerability in ZOOM, which granted them remote access to the PCs of users running older versions of Windows.
  3. Microsoft ATM Library (March 2020): Microsoft alerted its users to two zero-day exploits in the built-in Adobe Type Manager (ATM) library. These exploits targeted remote code execution (RCE) flaws, enabling attackers to execute scripts and infect vulnerable devices.
  4. Sophos PostgreSQL Database (April 2020): Criminals exploited an SQL injection vulnerability to target Sophos’ built-in PostgreSQL database server. They used this flaw to inject code into the database, alter security settings, and install malware.
  5. iMessage (Late 2020): In late 2020, threat actors leveraged a vulnerability in iMessage to deploy the Pegasus spyware through a zero-click attack, requiring no action from the victim. This malware provided hackers with remote access to iOS devices, enabling data theft and call interception.
  6. LinkedIn (April 2021): In April 2021, LinkedIn discovered that threat actors had compromised over 700 million user accounts via a zero-day exploit. Hackers scraped data from an archive containing public information (names, email addresses, phone numbers, job titles, etc.) and sold this data on the Dark Web for use in spamming or phishing campaigns.
  7. Microsoft Netlogon Protocol (August 2021): In August 2021, Microsoft urgently advised users to install a security update addressing a vulnerability in the Netlogon protocol. This zero-day exploit allowed hackers to acquire domain admin privileges.

These instances underscore the ongoing challenges posed by zero-day exploits and the critical importance of prompt detection and mitigation in the ever-evolving landscape of cybersecurity.

How Does a Zero-Day Exploit Work?

A zero-day exploit is a type of cyber attack that takes advantage of a previously unknown vulnerability in software or hardware. These exploits are called “zero-day” because they occur on the same day that the vulnerability is discovered, leaving zero days for the software or hardware vendor to fix or patch the issue. Here’s how a zero-day exploit typically works:

  1. Discovery of Vulnerability: The first step in a zero-day exploit involves the discovery of a vulnerability in a software application, operating system, or hardware component. This vulnerability is essentially a weakness or flaw in the system’s code that can be exploited by an attacker.
  2. Exploitation: Once the attacker identifies the vulnerability, they create a piece of malicious code or a software tool, often called an “exploit,” specifically designed to take advantage of this weakness. The exploit is crafted to trigger the vulnerability and gain unauthorized access or control over the targeted system.
  3. Delivery: The attacker needs a way to deliver the exploit to the target system. This can be done through various means, such as email attachments, infected websites, malicious links, or even physical access to the device in some cases. The goal is to trick the user or system into executing the exploit unknowingly.
  4. Execution: When the exploit is executed on the target system, it takes advantage of the vulnerability to achieve the attacker’s goals. This may involve stealing sensitive data, compromising system security, or performing other malicious activities. The attacker can gain control over the system, manipulate data, or even install additional malware.
  5. Concealment: To avoid detection and maintain access to the compromised system, the attacker may employ various techniques to conceal their presence. This could include erasing logs, using encryption, or employing rootkit tools to hide malicious processes.
  6. Potential Damage: Depending on the attacker’s intentions, the consequences of a successful zero-day exploit can vary. It could lead to data breaches, system crashes, unauthorized access, or other forms of damage to the targeted system or network.
  7. Zero-Day Status: The term “zero-day” indicates that, at the time of the attack, the software or hardware vendor is unaware of the vulnerability. This lack of awareness means there are no available patches or updates to fix the issue, making it extremely challenging for organizations to defend against the exploit.

It’s worth noting that zero-day exploits are highly valuable in the cybercriminal underground and are often used sparingly to maximize their effectiveness. To protect against zero-day exploits, organizations need to implement robust cybersecurity measures, stay informed about emerging threats, and follow best practices for secure computing.

The Genesis of Zero-Day Exploits: From Discovery to Exploitation

Zero-day exploits invariably commence with the identification of an exploitable flaw, a pivotal starting point. Threat actors employ two prevalent methods to unearth these vulnerabilities:

  1. Active Exploration: Threat actors interact with and experiment on various applications, probing for weaknesses.
  2. Dark Web Acquisition: Alternatively, they may acquire information on vulnerabilities from illicit sources on the Dark Web.

Upon uncovering a vulnerability, hackers set out to determine how best to exploit it, often involving the development of malware. To validate the efficacy of the zero-day exploit, hackers frequently execute proof-of-concept trials.

With the exploit in hand, the attackers must decide on their next course of action. They generally pursue one of two strategies, contingent on the nature of the exploit:

  1. Targeted Attacks: In cases where hackers wish to specifically target a particular organization or individual, they tailor their approach accordingly.
  2. Non-Targeted Attacks: Conversely, if the goal is to infect as many systems as possible, criminals may employ bots and automated scanners to identify vulnerable victims en masse.

The subsequent phase involves infiltrating the targeted devices. Unless the zero-day flaw inherently provides access, hackers resort to conventional infection methods, such as:

  • Deceptive email attachments.
  • Malicious websites designed for drive-by downloads.
  • Malvertising campaigns.
  • Direct network assaults.

Once inside the system, the zero-day vulnerability furnishes the means to carry out a range of malicious activities, including:

  • Remote Code Execution (RCE).
  • Injection of malevolent code.
  • Privilege escalation.
  • Circumvention of authentication mechanisms.
  • Extraction of sensitive data (e.g., login credentials, financial information, intellectual property).
  • Eavesdropping on network traffic.
  • Manipulation of network infrastructure.
  • Establishment of persistent access points and backdoors.
  • Seizure of remote control.

The attacker persists in exploiting the vulnerability until their activities are detected and reported, compelling the vendor to patch the flaw and disseminate an update. The duration of this cycle varies considerably, contingent on the complexity of the issue, but the average timeframe spans around 97 days.


Who Are Zero-Day Exploit Attackers?

Zero-day exploit attackers, often referred to as “threat actors,” come from diverse backgrounds and motivations. These individuals or groups exploit zero-day vulnerabilities for various purposes, which can range from financial gain to political or ideological reasons. Here’s an overview of the different types of zero-day exploit attackers:

  1. Criminal Hackers: Some zero-day exploit attackers are motivated by financial gain. They may use these exploits to steal sensitive personal information, and credit card data, or conduct ransomware attacks. Criminal hackers often seek financial rewards and may sell stolen data on the black market or demand ransom payments.
  2. State-Sponsored Actors: Governments and intelligence agencies are known to employ zero-day exploits for espionage, cyber-espionage, and national security purposes. State-sponsored attackers may use zero days to gain access to the computer systems of foreign governments, military organizations, or critical infrastructure facilities.
  3. Hacktivists: Hacktivist groups or individuals use zero-day exploits to advance a political or ideological agenda. They may target government websites, corporations, or organizations that they perceive as oppressive or against their beliefs. The goal is often to disrupt operations, steal sensitive information, or deface websites to convey a message.
  4. Cyberterrorists: In rare cases, individuals or groups with extreme ideologies may use zero-day exploits to carry out acts of cyberterrorism. Their aim is to create fear, disrupt society, or cause harm through cyberattacks on critical infrastructure, such as power grids, transportation systems, or financial institutions.
  5. Security Researchers: Not all zero-day exploit attackers have malicious intent. Some are cybersecurity researchers who discover and responsibly disclose vulnerabilities to software vendors. However, there have been cases where these researchers have been mistakenly labeled as attackers when their intentions were purely to improve security.
  6. Cybercriminal Organizations: Organized cybercriminal groups may use zero-day exploits as part of their operations. These groups often have the resources and expertise to discover or purchase zero-days and use them to conduct sophisticated attacks, including data breaches and financial fraud.
  7. Script Kiddies: Inexperienced individuals, often referred to as “script kiddies,” may dabble in hacking and use publicly available zero-day exploits without fully understanding the technical aspects. Their motivations can vary, from seeking notoriety to causing chaos for amusement.

It’s important to note that zero-day exploit attackers can be highly skilled and difficult to track. The motivations behind their actions can range from financial gain to political activism or even ideological extremism. To defend against these attackers, organizations must implement robust cybersecurity measures, regularly update and patch their systems, and stay vigilant for signs of intrusion or compromise. Additionally, responsible disclosure practices by security researchers can help reduce the impact of zero-day exploits by facilitating timely fixes from software vendors.

Unmasking the Culprits Behind Zero-Day Exploits: The Elusive Hunt for Attribution

Attributing zero-day exploits to their perpetrators poses a formidable challenge, as attackers employ various techniques to cloak their identities. These evasion tactics include:

  1. Routing through Compromised Systems: Attackers often route their activities through multiple compromised systems, obscuring their origin.
  2. Encryption Strategies: The use of diverse encryption techniques adds an additional layer of anonymity to their actions.
  3. Anonymization Services: Attackers may leverage anonymization services to further obfuscate their digital footprints.

Remarkably, a significant portion, over 40%, of zero-day exploits identified in the years 2020, 2021, and 2022 remain unattributed and unclaimed. These elusive actors can be categorized into several groups:

  1. Cybercriminal Entities: These include both individuals and groups motivated primarily by financial gain. They may either breach targets directly or profit by selling their exploits to other malicious actors.
  2. Nation-States and Private Intelligence Agencies: Some zero-day exploit developers serve the interests of nation-states or private intelligence agencies. Their exploits are often crafted for purposes of espionage, surveillance, or offensive cyber operations.
  3. Hacktivism Groups: Hacktivist organizations employ zero-day exploits to infiltrate computer systems in pursuit of social or political causes. Their motivations extend beyond financial gain, focusing on advocacy and activism.
  4. Cybersecurity Researchers: In some cases, even cybersecurity researchers become part of the equation. These individuals may test exploits without proper authorization or engage in such activities for personal gain.

The labyrinthine world of zero-day exploit attribution continues to perplex cybersecurity experts, highlighting the persistent need for advanced techniques and international collaboration to unmask those responsible for these covert and potentially harmful actions.

Who Are the Targets of Zero-Day Exploit Attacks?

The targets of zero-day exploit attacks can be anyone who uses the software that has the vulnerability, such as individuals, businesses, governments, or even critical infrastructure

The All-Encompassing Reach of Zero-Day Exploits: Vulnerabilities and Targets

Zero-day exploits cast a wide net, exploiting vulnerabilities across diverse systems, including:

  • Operating systems.
  • Web browsers.
  • Office applications.
  • Network protocols.
  • Open-source and commercial software tools.
  • Anti-virus and malware detection tools.
  • Hardware and firmware.
  • Hardware components.
  • Internet of Things (IoT) devices.

The inherent danger lies in the fact that anyone using these technologies, particularly those connected to the Internet, stands as a potential victim. Zero-day exploits exhibit two overarching approaches:

  1. Targeted Zero-Day Attacks: These pinpoint potentially lucrative targets, encompassing small to medium-sized businesses (SMBs), large corporations, government agencies, high-profile individuals, healthcare organizations, and technology firms, among others.
  2. Non-Targeted Attacks: In contrast, non-targeted campaigns cast a wider net, seeking out any device harboring a vulnerability. These endeavors serve dual purposes: harvesting personal information, such as passwords, credit card details, or healthcare data, and commandeering devices to amass a botnet for distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks.

The pervasive nature of zero-day exploits underscores the critical importance of robust cybersecurity measures for both individuals and organizations, as the threat landscape encompasses a vast array of potential targets.

How Common Are Zero Day Exploits?

Zero-day exploits are relatively rare compared to exploits of known vulnerabilities, but they are still very common and dangerous. In 2022, threat actors discovered and leveraged a total of 55 zero-day vulnerabilities. In 2021, at least 66 zero-day exploits were found in use, breaking the record for the most zero-day attacks in a year. Zero-day attacks can target any software, such as Adobe Flash, Microsoft Windows, or Java.

Assessing the Prevalence of Active Zero-Day Exploits: An Elusive Endeavor

Determining the exact count of active zero-day exploits presents an insurmountable challenge, primarily due to their very essence—they rely on undisclosed vulnerabilities. However, there is a consensus among cybersecurity experts that zero-day exploits are relatively scarce when compared to the exploitation of known vulnerabilities.

In the year 2022, threat actors succeeded in identifying and employing a total of 55 zero-day vulnerabilities. Of these, 53 facilitated the elevation of privileges or remote code execution by hackers. This number represents a decline compared to the preceding year, 2021, which witnessed the discovery of at least 66 distinct zero-day exploits. Nonetheless, it is essential to note that the overall frequency of zero-day attacks continues to trend upwards, underscoring the persistent and evolving nature of this cybersecurity challenge.

How Common Are Zero Day Exploits?

How to Detect Zero-Day Exploit Attacks?

Detecting zero-day exploit attacks is a significant challenge because these attacks target vulnerabilities that are unknown to software vendors and, therefore, lack available patches or signatures for detection. However, while it’s challenging, it’s not impossible. Detecting zero-day exploit attacks requires a combination of proactive security measures and vigilant monitoring. Here are some strategies and techniques that can help in the detection of zero-day exploit attacks:

  1. Behavioral Analysis:
    • Implement advanced threat detection solutions that use behavioral analysis to identify unusual patterns or behaviors in network traffic and system activities.
    • Look for anomalies in system processes, file operations, or network communications. Unusual behaviors may indicate an attack.
  2. Heuristic Analysis:
    • Use heuristic analysis to detect suspicious files or code that exhibit characteristics commonly associated with malicious activity.
    • Monitor for unexpected code execution, privilege escalation, or changes to system configurations that may suggest an exploit attempt.
  3. Network Traffic Analysis:
    • Employ intrusion detection systems (IDS) and intrusion prevention systems (IPS) to monitor network traffic for known attack patterns.
    • Look for unusual data flows or communication patterns that may indicate a zero-day exploit attempt.
  4. Endpoint Protection:
    • Utilize advanced endpoint protection solutions that can detect and block malicious processes or files based on their behavior, rather than relying solely on signatures.
    • Monitor for unauthorized access attempts or unusual user behavior on endpoints.
  5. Sandboxing:
    • Implement sandboxing technology to isolate and analyze suspicious files or code in a controlled environment. Sandboxing can help identify zero-day exploits by observing their behavior without exposing the network or endpoints to risk.
  6. Threat Intelligence Feeds:
    • Subscribe to threat intelligence feeds that provide information about emerging threats and vulnerabilities. These feeds may include indicators of compromise (IoCs) associated with zero-day exploits.
  7. User and Entity Behavior Analytics (UEBA):
    • UEBA solutions can help detect anomalies in user and entity behavior, such as unusual login patterns or access to sensitive resources, which may be indicative of an attack.
  8. Zero-Day Vulnerability Scanning:
    • Regularly scan your network and systems for known vulnerabilities. While this won’t detect zero-day exploits directly, it can help identify potential entry points that attackers might target.
  9. Incident Response Plans:
    • Develop and regularly update incident response plans that outline how to respond to a suspected zero-day exploit or any other security incident. Having a well-defined plan in place can help minimize the impact of an attack.
  10. User Awareness and Training:
    • Educate users about security best practices, including recognizing phishing attempts and suspicious emails. Users can often be the first line of defense against social engineering tactics used in zero-day attacks.
  11. Continuous Monitoring:
    • Implement continuous monitoring of network and system activities to detect any signs of unusual or unauthorized behavior in real time.
  12. Collaboration and Information Sharing:
    • Collaborate with industry peers and share threat information through Information Sharing and Analysis Centers (ISACs) or similar organizations. Collective intelligence can help in early detection.

While it’s impossible to guarantee 100% detection of zero-day exploit attacks, a combination of these strategies and technologies can significantly improve your organization’s ability to identify and respond to such threats. Proactive security measures, ongoing monitoring, and a well-prepared incident response plan are essential components of a comprehensive security strategy.

The Elusive Nature of Zero-Day Exploits: Detecting the Undetectable

Zero-day exploits pose a formidable challenge for standard anti-malware software and firewalls due to their lack of known signatures or recognizable patterns. To enhance the detection of these insidious threats, companies employ a multifaceted approach, relying on behavior analytics. Here’s how organizations increase their odds of identifying zero-day exploits:

  1. Enhanced Network Monitoring: Companies bolster their network monitoring capabilities with tools designed to scrutinize network traffic and behavior for irregularities and suspicious activities. The use of an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) aids in pinpointing unusual network patterns and unexpected data traffic.
  2. Behavior-Based Analysis: Behavior-based analysis tools come into play, monitoring system processes, user behavior, and application activities. These tools establish a baseline of normal behavior and promptly flag any deviations from this established norm.
  3. Endpoint Security Improvement: Endpoint security is fortified through the adoption of tools employing behavior-based analysis, machine learning (ML), and artificial intelligence (AI). These tools are instrumental in detecting and halting malicious activities on endpoints.
  4. Attack Surface Management (ASM): The deployment of an attack surface management tool takes center stage. ASM tools continually surveil the attack surface, identifying unauthorized assets such as shadow IT devices or rogue cloud instances.
  5. Employee Training: An educated workforce plays a pivotal role in zero-day exploit detection. Companies invest in employee training to heighten awareness of zero-day threats, educate staff about social engineering techniques, and promote safe computing practices.

This multifaceted approach seeks to bridge the gap in detecting zero-day exploits, acknowledging their elusive nature and the evolving tactics of cyber adversaries. By integrating behavior analytics and comprehensive monitoring, organizations strive to fortify their defenses against these stealthy threats.

What Are the Best Defenses Against Zero-Day Exploit Attacks?

Shielding Against Zero-Day Exploits: Essential Defensive Strategies

While the unique nature of zero-day exploits makes guarding against specific exploits challenging, organizations can adopt general measures to reduce their vulnerability. Here’s a comprehensive set of actions to fortify your defenses:

  1. Patch Promptly: Ensure that all patches are promptly applied across the organization. This minimizes the window of opportunity for attackers to exploit newly discovered vulnerabilities.
  2. Auto-Update Programs: Configure software programs to auto-update wherever feasible to maintain current defenses.
  3. Leverage Behavior-Based Analytics: Deploy security tools equipped with behavior-based analytics to detect anomalies and unusual activities on your network.
  4. Out-of-Date Software Alerts: Set your anti-virus tools to flag out-of-date software, prompting timely updates.
  5. Source Trustworthiness: Educate employees never to download or install software from untrusted or dubious sources.
  6. Security Education: Promote security best practices among employees to mitigate the risk of falling victim to social engineering tactics.
  7. Enhance Wi-Fi Security: Implement robust security schemes like Wi-Fi Protected Access 2 (WPA2) to bolster protection against wireless-based attacks.
  8. Network Segmentation: Segment your network to restrict an attacker’s lateral movement, preventing access to mission-critical parts of the network.
  9. Endpoint Security: Deploy endpoint security tools capable of monitoring and automatically responding to anomalous code execution.
  10. Zero Trust Security: Enforce a zero-trust security model to minimize the potential impact of successful zero-day exploits and limit unauthorized control or access.
  11. Access Control: Strengthen network access controls to thwart rogue machines from gaining remote entry to critical systems.
  12. Input Validation: Implement input validation and sanitization to prevent hackers from experimenting with input fields.
  13. IPsec Encryption: Utilize IPsec (IP security protocol) to enforce in-transit encryption and authentication for network traffic.
  14. Vulnerability Assessments: Conduct regular vulnerability assessments to unearth exploitable weaknesses.
  15. Penetration Testing: Consider outsourcing penetration testing services to gauge your system’s resilience against ethical hackers.
  16. Incident Response Plan: Develop a comprehensive incident response plan to swiftly and effectively address zero-day exploits and cyberattacks.

By proactively implementing these measures, organizations can bolster their defenses and reduce the potential impact of zero-day exploits, contributing to a more resilient and secure digital environment.

Defending against zero-day exploit attacks is a critical aspect of cybersecurity, as these attacks target vulnerabilities that are unknown to vendors, leaving systems vulnerable to exploitation. To protect your organization, consider implementing the following best defenses against zero-day exploit attacks:

  1. Regular Software Updates and Patch Management:
    • Keep all software, operating systems, and applications up to date with the latest security patches. While this won’t prevent all zero-day attacks, it can protect against known vulnerabilities that attackers may exploit.
  2. Network Segmentation:
    • Implement network segmentation to isolate critical systems and limit the lateral movement of attackers within your network. This can prevent an attacker from easily compromising all systems in the event of a successful zero-day attack.
  3. Application Whitelisting:
    • Use application whitelisting to allow only trusted and authorized software to run on your systems. This can prevent the execution of malicious code and unapproved applications.
  4. Endpoint Protection and EDR Solutions:
    • Deploy advanced endpoint protection and Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) solutions that use behavior-based analysis to detect and respond to suspicious activities and zero-day exploits on endpoints.
  5. Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems (IDS/IPS):
    • Use IDS and IPS solutions to monitor network traffic for unusual patterns and known attack signatures. These systems can help detect and block zero-day exploit attempts.
  6. User Education and Awareness:
    • Train employees and users to recognize phishing attempts, suspicious emails, and social engineering tactics that may lead to zero-day exploits. User awareness is a crucial line of defense.
  7. Zero-Day Vulnerability Scanning:
    • Regularly scan your network and systems for vulnerabilities, even those not yet known to attackers. Vulnerability scanning tools can help you identify and patch potential entry points.
  8. Behavioral Analytics:
    • Employ behavioral analytics tools to monitor user and entity behavior. Anomalous activities can be early indicators of zero-day attacks.
  9. Sandboxing and Isolation:
    • Use sandboxing technology to isolate and analyze potentially malicious files or code in a controlled environment. Sandboxing can help identify and understand the behavior of zero-day exploits.
  10. Zero-Day Vulnerability Disclosure Programs:
    • Participate in vulnerability disclosure programs or bug bounty programs to encourage ethical hackers to report zero-day vulnerabilities to you before they are exploited by malicious actors.
  11. Incident Response Planning:
    • Develop and regularly update an incident response plan specific to zero-day exploits. Clearly define roles and procedures for responding to such incidents to minimize their impact.
  12. Threat Intelligence Sharing:
    • Collaborate with industry peers and share threat intelligence through Information Sharing and Analysis Centers (ISACs) or other forums. This collective intelligence can provide early warnings of emerging zero-day threats.
  13. Encryption and Data Protection:
    • Encrypt sensitive data to protect it even if an attacker gains access to your systems. Proper data protection can limit the impact of a breach.
  14. Continuous Monitoring:
    • Implement continuous monitoring to detect and respond to unusual or unauthorized activities in real time.
  15. Security Best Practices:
    • Follow industry-standard security best practices, such as the Principle of Least Privilege (PoLP), to limit the access and permissions of users and systems.
  16. Vendor Relationships:
    • Establish strong relationships with software and hardware vendors to quickly receive and apply patches when they become available.

Remember that no defense is foolproof, but a combination of these measures can significantly reduce the risk of falling victim to zero-day exploit attacks. A proactive and layered approach to security is essential to protect your organization’s digital assets.


In an era where cyber threats continue to evolve, understanding zero-day exploits is essential for anyone responsible for safeguarding digital assets. By staying informed, implementing robust security measures, and fostering a security-conscious culture, you can significantly reduce the risk of falling victim to these elusive and damaging attacks.

Remember, cybersecurity is an ongoing process. Continuously assess and enhance your defenses to stay one step ahead of cybercriminals.

Apple Releases Security Patch to Protect Your iOS Devices From Spyware


Apple has issued a security patch that warrants immediate attention from iPhone and iPad users.

During the afternoon of a recent Thursday, Apple initiated the release of iOS 16.6.1. This update specifically targets a zero-day vulnerability that, according to research by the University of Toronto’s Citizen Lab, had been actively exploited by the NSO Group from Israel. Their aim was to compromise devices with the insidious Pegasus spyware. Apple’s official statement concerning this vulnerability on its iOS 16.6.1 support page states, “The processing of a deliberately manipulated image could potentially trigger the execution of arbitrary code.”

Citizen Lab made the initial discovery of a vulnerability, named Blastpass, just last week. They stumbled upon it while examining the device of an individual linked to a “civil society organization with international offices” situated in Washington, DC. The research group noted, “The exploit chain had the capability to compromise iPhones running the most recent iOS version (16.6) without requiring any interaction from the device owner.” This exploit hinged on PassKit, a code suite provided by Apple to developers seeking to integrate Apple Pay functionalities into their applications. Citizen Lab has stated its intention to provide further details about this exploit in the future. According to Apple, iOS 16’s Lockdown Mode has the ability to thwart Blastpass.

“Citizen Lab conveyed a strong recommendation to all individuals who might be at heightened risk due to their identities or occupations: they should activate Lockdown Mode. In addition, Citizen Lab expressed its appreciation for Apple’s swift investigative response and efficient patch deployment. They also extended gratitude to the victim and their affiliated organization for their valuable cooperation and support throughout the process.”

This marks not the inaugural instance where Apple found itself compelled to issue an impromptu update to rectify a vulnerability unearthed by the NSO Group within the iOS system. In 2022, the tech juggernaut launched iOS 15.6.1, specifically to redress two distinct vulnerabilities. A year prior to that, Apple took the unprecedented step of pursuing legal action against the NSO Group, seeking to impede the proliferation of commercial spyware.

Apple has recently issued a security patch to safeguard your iOS devices from potential spyware threats. This patch addresses vulnerabilities that could be exploited by malicious actors to install spyware or compromise your device’s security.

To ensure the protection of your iOS device, it’s essential to stay up-to-date with the latest software updates and security patches provided by Apple. These updates often include fixes for known vulnerabilities and security enhancements that help protect your personal data and privacy.

Here are the steps to update your iOS device and apply the security patch:

  1. Connect to Wi-Fi: Ensure your device is connected to a Wi-Fi network to download the update, as updates can be quite large and may consume a significant amount of data if downloaded over cellular networks.
  2. Check for Updates:
    • For iPhone or iPad, go to “Settings.”
    • Scroll down and select “General.”
    • Tap “Software Update.”
  3. Download and Install:
    • If an update is available, you’ll see a notification indicating the update’s size and what’s included. Tap “Download and Install.”
    • Follow the on-screen prompts to complete the installation. Your device will restart as part of the update process.
  4. Enter Your Passcode: Depending on your device’s security settings, you may need to enter your device passcode or Apple ID password during the update.
  5. Wait for Installation: Allow your device to complete the update installation, which may take several minutes.
  6. Verification: Once the update is installed, your device will restart, and the new security patch will be active.

It’s crucial to keep your iOS device and its apps up to date to ensure the best possible protection against security threats and vulnerabilities. Additionally, exercise caution when downloading and installing apps, only use trusted sources, and be wary of suspicious links or attachments to minimize the risk of spyware or other malware.

By regularly updating your device’s software and following good security practices, you can help ensure the security and privacy of your iOS devices.

According to Lifewire, the patch fixes a zero-day attack that allows hackers to infect iPhones without any interaction. The attack exploits a vulnerability in the iMessage app and is linked to the NSO Group, a commercial spyware vendor. Apple advises all users to update their devices to iOS 16.6.1 or iPad OS 16.6.1 as soon as possible.

What is a zero-day attack?

A zero-day attack is an attack that exploits a software vulnerability that the vendor or developer is unaware of. The attacker releases malware before the developer or vendor has had the opportunity to create a patch to fix the vulnerability. The term “zero-day” refers to the number of days since the vulnerability was discovered by the attacker.

How can I protect my device from zero-day attacks?

There are some tips to protect your device from zero-day attacks. Some of them are:

  • Always update your systems and software as soon as possible, as they may include patches that fix software gaps.
  • Delete unnecessary software that you seldom use, as they may contain vulnerabilities that can be exploited.
  • Use a firewall, antivirus software, and a VPN to protect your device from malicious traffic and malware.
  • Isolate applications and web browsers that may be vulnerable to zero-day exploits, using technologies such as Microsoft Defender Application Guard.

Can zero-day attacks be prevented completely?

Unfortunately, zero-day attacks cannot be prevented completely, as they exploit unknown vulnerabilities that are not yet patched by the vendors or developers. However, you can mitigate their potential impact by following the tips I mentioned before, and also by:

  • Monitoring your network and systems for any suspicious activity or anomalies.
  • Implementing an incident response plan that can help you contain and recover from a zero-day attack.
  • Educate yourself and your staff about the common signs and methods of zero-day attacks, such as phishing emails, malicious attachments, or fake websites.

How can I educate myself about zero-day attacks?

One way to educate yourself about zero-day attacks is to read articles and blogs that explain the definitions, examples, and prevention tips of zero-day attacks. For example, you can check out these sources:

  • What is a zero-day exploit? Definition and prevention tips.
  • 5 Security Experts Share Best Practices to Prevent Zero-Day Attacks.
  • Zero days explained: How unknown vulnerabilities become gateways for attackers.

Another way to educate yourself is to watch videos or webinars that demonstrate how zero-day attacks work and how to protect yourself from them. For example, you can watch these videos:

  • How Zero-Day Attacks Work
  • Zero-Day Attacks: What They Are and How to Prevent Them

Who are the most common targets of zero-day attacks?

The most common targets of zero-day attacks are:

  • Government agencies and public institutions, as may have sensitive or classified information that can be used for espionage, sabotage, or blackmail.
  • Large enterprises and senior employees, as may have access to valuable business data, intellectual property, or financial assets that can be stolen or compromised.
  • Groups of individuals with vulnerable systems, such as outdated or unpatched operating systems, web browsers, or software applications can be easily exploited.
  • Hardware devices and their firmware, such as routers, printers, cameras, or IoT devices can be hijacked or manipulated.
  • Enemies of the state, such as political dissidents, activists, journalists, or human rights defenders can be tracked, harassed, or silenced.

Are you concerned about being a target of zero-day attacks? You can protect yourself by following the tips I mentioned before, such as updating your systems and software, deleting unnecessary software, using a firewall, antivirus software, and a VPN, isolating vulnerable applications and web browsers, monitoring your network and systems, implementing an incident response plan, and educating yourself about zero-day attacks.

You can also check out these sources for more information:

  • How to Prevent Zero-Day Attacks – Check Point Software
  • Zero-Day Attack Prevention: 4 Ways to Prepare – Cynet

Can zero-day attacks be prevented completely?

Unfortunately, zero-day attacks cannot be prevented completely, as they exploit unknown vulnerabilities that are not yet patched by the vendors or developers. However, you can mitigate their potential impact by following the tips I mentioned before, and also by:

  • Monitoring your network and systems for any suspicious activity or anomalies.
  • Implementing an incident response plan that can help you contain and recover from a zero-day attack.
  • Educate yourself and your staff about the common signs and methods of zero-day attacks, such as phishing emails, malicious attachments, or fake websites.

What is a Zero-Day Exploit?

A zero-day exploit is when hackers discover a software gap or flaw they can use to gain access to users’ information or computers. It is called a zero-day exploit because the developers or vendors have zero days to fix the issue before it is exploited. A zero-day attack is the use of a zero-day exploit to cause damage to or steal data from a system affected by a vulnerability.

For example, hackers can use a zero-day exploit to send phishing emails with malicious attachments that can infect the recipients’ computers with malware or create fake websites that can trick users into entering their personal or financial information.

Troubleshooting HP Laptop Keyboard Issues


If you’re experiencing issues with your HP laptop keyboard, there are several troubleshooting steps you can follow to identify and potentially resolve the problem. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

  1. Check for Physical Damage: Ensure there are no visible physical damages to the keyboard such as broken keys, loose connections, or spilled liquids. If you find any damage, you may need to replace the keyboard.
  2. Restart Your Laptop: Sometimes, a simple restart can resolve keyboard issues caused by temporary glitches or software conflicts. Restart your laptop and check if the keyboard starts working again.
  3. Check for Software Issues: a. Update Drivers: Outdated or corrupted keyboard drivers can lead to problems. Go to the HP website, search for your laptop model, and download the latest keyboard drivers. Install them and see if the issue is resolved.b. Check for Software Conflicts: Occasionally, third-party software or conflicting drivers can cause keyboard problems. Try booting your laptop into Safe Mode (usually by pressing F8 or Shift + F8 during startup) to see if the keyboard works there. If it does, you may need to uninstall or update recently installed software or drivers.
  4. Clean the Keyboard: Dust, crumbs, or debris can interfere with key presses. Turn off your laptop and use compressed air to blow out any foreign particles. You can also gently remove individual keys for more thorough cleaning if necessary.
  5. Check Keyboard Settings: a. Language Settings: Ensure that your keyboard language settings match the physical layout of your keyboard. Go to “Control Panel” > “Region and Language” > “Keyboards and Languages” tab and select the correct input method.b. Sticky Keys: Sometimes, the Sticky Keys feature can cause keyboard issues. Disable it by pressing the Shift key five times in succession or go to “Control Panel” > “Ease of Access” > “Change how your keyboard works” and uncheck the Sticky Keys option.
  6. Test External Keyboard: If you have an external USB keyboard, connect it to your laptop to see if it works. If the external keyboard functions correctly, the issue may be with your laptop’s built-in keyboard.
  7. Run Built-in Diagnostics: Many HP laptops have built-in diagnostic tools. You can usually access them by pressing a specific key during startup, often F2 or F12. Run the keyboard test to check for hardware issues.
  8. Perform a System Restore: If the issue started recently after a software update or installation, you can try using System Restore to revert your laptop to a previous state when the keyboard was working. Go to “Control Panel” > “Recovery” > “Open System Restore” and follow the prompts.
  9. Check for Hardware Issues: If none of the above steps resolves the issue, it’s possible there’s a hardware problem with your laptop’s keyboard. In this case, you may need to contact HP customer support or visit an authorized service center for further assistance or keyboard replacement.

Remember to back up your important data before attempting any major troubleshooting steps or system restores. Additionally, if your laptop is under warranty, it’s advisable to contact HP support for professional assistance.

Here are some possible causes and solutions:

  • Your keyboard may be locked. To unlock it, press the Fn and Esc keys at the same time
  • Your keyboard drivers may be outdated or corrupted. To update or reinstall them, go to HP Customer Support – Software and Driver Downloads (index 1), identify your computer, and then look for the keyboard drivers
  • Your keyboard may be interfered with by other connected keyboards. To avoid this, disconnect any other keyboards from your laptop or disable them in the Device Manager
  • Your keyboard keys may be dirty. To clean them, use a soft cloth or a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or water. Do not use any abrasive or corrosive substances
  • Your keyboard may be damaged. To replace it, contact HP customer service or a qualified technician

How can I check if my keyboard is working properly?

There are several ways to check if your keyboard is working properly. Here are some methods you can try:

  • Use a word processor such as Microsoft Word or Google Docs and type all the keys one by one. If all keys register well, your keyboard is fully functional
  • Use the keyboard troubleshooter in Windows settings. Type and search Troubleshoot settings in the Windows search bar, then click Open. Select Keyboard and follow the instructions
  • Use an online keyboard tester tool such as Keyboard Tester (index 3), Keyboard Test (index 4), or Keyboard Tester (index 5). Press any key on your physical keyboard and see if it lights up on the virtual keyboard.

What should I do if some keys are not working?

If some keys are not working, it may be due to a hardware or software issue. Here are some possible solutions you can try:

  • Restart your laptop and see if the problem persists. A reboot can refresh the system and correct any software glitches
  • Update or reinstall your keyboard drivers. Go to Device Manager, expand the Keyboards category, right-click on your keyboard device, and select Update driver or Uninstall device. Then restart your laptop and let Windows reinstall the drivers automatically
  • Clean your keyboard keys with a soft cloth or a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or water. Do not use any abrasive or corrosive substances. Some keys may not work if they are sticky or dirty
  • Use the keyboard troubleshooter in Windows settings. Type and search Troubleshoot settings in the Windows search bar, then click Open. Select Keyboard and follow the instructions
  • Replace your keyboard or contact HP customer service if the problem is caused by physical damage. You can also try connecting a different USB or wireless keyboard to see if it works

You can also watch some videos that show you how to fix laptop keyboard keys not working:

  • Fix Some Keys Not Working Laptop Keyboard – 2023
  • Fix Some Keys Not Working on Laptop Keyboard | Keyboard Not Working on Windows 10
  • How To Fix / Troubleshoot Laptop Computer Key, Keys, or Keyboard Not Working

Can you recommend any software for testing laptop keyboards?

there are some software that can help you test your laptop keyboard. Here are some examples:

  • PassMark KeyboardTest is a software that can test desktop and laptop computer keyboards. It can verify all keys are functioning, check keyboard LEDs, examine internal scan codes, and measure possible mechanical typing speed
  • Keyboard Test Utility is a software developed by Java Taheri that can test keyboard keys and show the scan codes and virtual keys. It can also test the mouse buttons and the scroll wheel
  • Aqua’s KeyTest is a lightweight tool that can test keyboards without installation. It can show the key codes and the status of each key on a virtual keyboard
  • Keyboard Tester (index 4) is a software that can test keyboard keys and show the results on a graphical interface. It can also test the function keys, number pad, and arrow keys.

How can I fix a broken laptop keyboard?

A broken laptop keyboard can be caused by various factors, such as physical damage, water spills, dust, or software issues. Depending on the cause and the extent of the damage, you may be able to fix it yourself or you may need to replace it or contact a professional. Here are some possible steps you can take to fix a broken laptop keyboard:

  • If only one or a few keys are not working, you can try to clean them with a soft cloth or a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or water. Do not use any abrasive or corrosive substances. Some keys may not work if they are sticky or dirty
  • If a key is loose or popped off, you can try to snap it back on the keyboard. Make sure the keycap, keypad, and key retainer are aligned correctly. You can also watch some videos that show you how to replace a broken key on a laptop keyboard:
    • How to Replace a Faulty or Broken Laptop Keyboard
    • How To Fix Broken Key of Laptop Keyboard In Less Than 2 Minutes.
    • How To Fix – HP Laptop Key Replacement / Repair for Small Normal Sized Letter Function F Arrow Keys.
  • If the whole keyboard is not working, you can try to restart your laptop and see if the problem persists. A reboot can refresh the system and correct any software glitches.
  • You can also try to update or reinstall your keyboard drivers. Go to Device Manager, expand the Keyboards category, right-click on your keyboard device, and select Update driver or Uninstall device. Then restart your laptop and let Windows reinstall the drivers automatically.
  • You can also use the keyboard troubleshooter in Windows settings. Type and search Troubleshoot settings in the Windows search bar, then click Open. Select the Keyboard and follow the instructions.
  • If none of these steps work, you may need to replace your keyboard or contact HP customer service if the problem is caused by physical damage. You can also try connecting a different USB or wireless keyboard to see if it works.

What are some common causes of keyboard hardware issues?

Keyboard hardware issues can arise from various causes. Here are some common ones:

  1. Physical Damage: Physical damage is a common cause of keyboard problems. This can include anything from spilled liquids, which can damage the internal components, to accidentally dropping the laptop, which can dislodge or break keys or connectors.
  2. Wear and Tear: Over time, keyboards can experience wear and tear, especially if they are used extensively. The keys may become less responsive, and some keys might stop working altogether.
  3. Dust and Debris: Dust, crumbs, or other debris can accumulate under the keys, preventing them from functioning correctly. This can lead to keys getting stuck or not registering key presses.
  4. Loose or Disconnected Cables: Inside your laptop, there are cables that connect the keyboard to the motherboard. If these cables become loose or disconnected, it can result in keyboard issues.
  5. Faulty Key Switches: The individual key switches beneath the keys can become faulty due to repeated use or manufacturing defects. This can cause keys to register multiple presses or not register presses at all.
  6. Software Conflicts: Occasionally, software conflicts or driver issues can make it seem like there’s a hardware problem with the keyboard. Updating or reinstalling keyboard drivers can sometimes resolve these issues.
  7. Electrical Problems: Electrical issues within the keyboard circuitry can occur, causing keys to malfunction. This can be due to manufacturing defects or damage caused by power surges.
  8. Moisture or Liquid Damage: Spills or exposure to moisture can cause short circuits on the keyboard’s electronic components, leading to erratic behavior or non-functioning keys.
  9. High Temperatures: Extreme temperatures, either too hot or too cold, can affect the keyboard’s performance. This is more likely to occur in laptops exposed to harsh environmental conditions.
  10. Battery or Power Problems: In some cases, power-related issues can impact the keyboard’s functionality. This could be due to problems with the laptop’s battery or power supply.
  11. Manufacturer Defects: Rarely, there may be manufacturing defects in the keyboard itself, such as soldering issues or poor-quality components, which can lead to hardware problems.

It’s essential to identify the specific cause of your keyboard issue before attempting any repairs or replacements. If your laptop is under warranty, it’s advisable to contact the manufacturer or an authorized service center for professional diagnosis and repair.

How can I replace my laptop keyboard?

Replacing a laptop keyboard can be a bit challenging, and it’s recommended for those with some technical knowledge and experience with computer hardware. Here are the general steps to replace a laptop keyboard:

Note: Before you begin, ensure you have a replacement keyboard compatible with your laptop model, a small Phillips-head screwdriver, and a safe, well-lit workspace. Also, make sure to back up your data and power off your laptop.

  1. Prepare Your Workspace:
    • Turn off your laptop and unplug it from the power source.
    • If your laptop has a removable battery, remove it.
    • Place your laptop on a clean, flat surface with ample lighting.
  2. Remove the Old Keyboard:
    • Most laptop keyboards are secured with screws, clips, or adhesive tape. Consult your laptop’s service manual or look for video tutorials specific to your laptop model for guidance on removing the keyboard. In general, you’ll need to: a. Remove any screws securing the keyboard. These are often located under the laptop or on the top surface beneath the battery. b. Carefully pry up the keyboard bezel or trim (the plastic frame around the keyboard) using a plastic pry tool or a flat, non-metallic tool. c. Gently lift the keyboard from the laptop’s chassis. Be cautious, as there may be a ribbon cable connecting the keyboard to the motherboard.
  3. Disconnect the Ribbon Cable:
    • If your keyboard is connected via a ribbon cable, carefully release the locking mechanism on the connector. This can usually be done by lifting a small plastic latch or sliding it.
    • Gently pull the ribbon cable out of the connector.
  4. Install the New Keyboard:
    • Carefully connect the ribbon cable from the new keyboard into the motherboard’s connector. Ensure it’s properly aligned and secure.
    • Place the new keyboard into the laptop’s chassis and press it down until it’s seated correctly.
  5. Secure the New Keyboard:
    • Reattach any screws that were removed earlier to secure the keyboard in place.
    • Snap the keyboard bezel or trim back into position.
  6. Reassemble Your Laptop:
    • Reconnect the laptop battery if it was removed.
    • Power on your laptop and test the new keyboard to ensure all keys are functioning correctly.
  7. Driver Installation (if necessary):
    • In some cases, you may need to install or update keyboard drivers. Check the manufacturer’s website for the latest drivers for your laptop model.
  8. Final Testing:
    • Test all keys and keyboard functions to ensure everything is working as expected.
  9. Reassemble and Cleanup:
    • Carefully reassemble any other components you removed during the process, such as the battery or access panels.
    • Dispose of the old keyboard properly or store it as a backup.

Remember that laptop models vary, and the specific steps may differ slightly. Always refer to your laptop’s service manual or seek professional assistance if you’re unsure about any part of the replacement process. Additionally, performing keyboard replacement on a laptop that is under warranty may void the warranty, so consider this before proceeding

How much does it cost to replace a laptop keyboard?

The cost to replace a laptop keyboard can vary widely depending on several factors, including the laptop model, the brand, the keyboard’s availability, and whether you choose to have it replaced by a professional technician or attempt a DIY replacement. Here’s a breakdown of the cost considerations:

  1. Cost of the Replacement Keyboard: The price of a replacement laptop keyboard can range from as low as $20 to $100 or more, depending on the laptop brand and model. High-end or specialized keyboards may be more expensive.
  2. Labor Costs: If you choose to have a professional technician replace the keyboard, labor costs will be added. These costs can vary significantly based on your location and the technician’s rates. On average, you might expect to pay $50 to $100 or more for labor.
  3. Warranty Considerations: If your laptop is still under warranty, the keyboard replacement may be covered, and you won’t incur any costs. However, this depends on the warranty terms and whether the keyboard issue is considered a manufacturing defect.
  4. DIY vs. Professional Service: If you have the technical skills and tools to replace the keyboard yourself, you can save on labor costs. DIY replacements are generally less expensive, but they come with the risk of damaging your laptop or voiding its warranty if not done correctly.
  5. Additional Costs: Depending on the laptop model, you may need to purchase specific tools or adhesive materials for the replacement. These costs are generally minimal but should be factored in.
  6. Shipping Costs: If you’re ordering a replacement keyboard online, consider any shipping costs associated with the purchase.

To get an accurate cost estimate, you should:

  • Determine the exact make and model of your laptop.
  • Find a reputable source for the replacement keyboard, either from the laptop manufacturer, authorized dealers, or reliable third-party sellers.
  • Inquire about labor costs if you plan to have a professional technician perform the replacement.
  • Compare prices from multiple sources or service providers to ensure you’re getting a competitive rate.

Keep in mind that while DIY replacements can be cost-effective, they require some technical expertise and carry the risk of damaging your laptop if done incorrectly. If your laptop is under warranty, it’s advisable to check with the manufacturer or an authorized service center to see if they can perform the replacement at no cost.

What are some common problems with laptop keyboards?

Laptop keyboards can experience various common problems that may affect their functionality. Here are some of the most frequently encountered issues:

  1. Key Presses Not Registering: This problem occurs when you press a key, but nothing appears on the screen. It can be caused by physical damage to the key or the underlying key switch.
  2. Sticky or Stuck Keys: Sticky keys often result from spills or debris getting trapped beneath the keys. This can cause keys to stick in the down position or feel mushy when pressed.
  3. Multiple Characters for One Key Press: When you press a key, and it registers multiple characters on the screen, it’s likely due to a malfunctioning key switch or a connection issue.
  4. Random Key Presses: Sometimes, laptop keyboards may produce random key presses or ghost key presses even when no keys are physically pressed. This can be caused by electrical issues or interference.
  5. Certain Keys Not Working: When specific keys or a group of keys stop working, it could be due to a damaged keyboard matrix or a malfunctioning key switch.
  6. Backlight Issues: For laptops with backlit keyboards, the backlighting may stop working or flicker. This can result from faulty backlight components or driver issues.
  7. Unresponsive Keyboard: An entire keyboard becoming unresponsive can be caused by driver problems, a disconnected ribbon cable, or a motherboard issue.
  8. Missing or Loose Keys: Sometimes, laptop keys can become detached or go missing. This may require replacement keys or a new keyboard.
  9. Physical Damage: Accidental drops, impacts, or excessive force applied to the keyboard can lead to physical damage such as broken keys, cracked keycaps, or damaged key switches.
  10. Keyboard Language or Layout Issues: If your keyboard layout or language settings are incorrect, it can result in keys producing different characters than expected.
  11. Software Conflicts: Occasionally, software conflicts or outdated keyboard drivers can cause issues with key presses. Updating or reinstalling drivers may resolve these problems.
  12. Temperature Sensitivity: Extreme temperatures, either too hot or too cold, can affect the performance of laptop keyboards. Key presses may not register correctly in these conditions.
  13. Wear and Tear: Over time, keys may become less responsive due to normal wear and tear from extensive use.

It’s important to diagnose and address keyboard issues promptly, as they can impact your laptop’s usability. Depending on the specific problem, solutions may range from cleaning and maintenance to keyboard replacement or software updates. If your laptop is under warranty, consider contacting the manufacturer’s customer support or an authorized service center for assistance with keyboard-related problems.

A Comprehensive Guide To Upgrading Your Laptop



In today’s fast-paced digital world, having a laptop that can keep up with your needs is essential. Whether you’re a student, a professional, or simply someone who loves staying connected, upgrading your laptop can significantly enhance your computing experience. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the process of upgrading your laptop step by step, ensuring that you make informed decisions and get the most out of your investment.

Why Upgrade Your Laptop?

Before diving into the details, let’s explore why upgrading your laptop is a wise choice.

1. Improved Performance

Upgrading your laptop can breathe new life into it. You’ll experience faster processing speeds, smoother multitasking, and quicker load times for applications.

2. Extended Lifespan

Rather than replacing your entire laptop, upgrading specific components can extend its lifespan, saving you money in the long run.

3. Customization

Upgrading allows you to tailor your laptop to your specific needs. You can focus on enhancing the aspects that matter most to you, whether it’s gaming, productivity, or creativity.

Assessing Your Laptop’s Upgrade Potential

1. Check Compatibility

Before embarking on an upgrade journey, ensure that your laptop can be upgraded. Not all laptops are built with upgradability in mind.

2. Identify Bottlenecks

Determine which components are currently limiting your laptop’s performance. Common bottlenecks include RAM, storage, and the processor.

3. Set a Budget

Decide how much you’re willing to invest in your laptop upgrades. This will help you prioritize which components to enhance.

Upgrading Your Laptop’s Hardware

1. RAM (Random Access Memory)

Upgrading your laptop’s RAM is one of the most effective ways to boost performance. It allows you to run more applications simultaneously and handle memory-intensive tasks effortlessly.

2. Storage

Upgrading to a solid-state drive (SSD) can significantly reduce boot times and application load times. It’s a game-changer for both speed and reliability.

3. Processor (CPU)

While upgrading the CPU is more challenging and may not be possible on all laptops, it can provide a substantial performance boost for certain tasks.

4. Graphics Card (GPU)

For gamers and graphic designers, upgrading the GPU can deliver smoother gameplay and faster rendering times.

Software Optimization

1. Operating System

Ensure your laptop’s operating system is up to date. Updates often include performance enhancements and security improvements.

2. Software Cleanup

Regularly remove unnecessary software and files to free up storage space and keep your laptop running smoothly.

Upgrading Your Laptop’s Peripherals

1. External Monitors

Adding an external monitor can improve productivity and enhance your multitasking capabilities.

2. Keyboard and Mouse

Consider upgrading to a more comfortable and ergonomic keyboard and mouse for extended use.


Upgrading your laptop doesn’t have to be a daunting task. By following this comprehensive guide, you can make informed decisions about which components to upgrade and how to optimize your laptop’s performance. Remember that the right upgrades can breathe new life into your laptop, making it a reliable and efficient tool for your daily tasks.


1. How often should I upgrade my laptop?

  • The frequency of upgrades depends on your specific needs. Typically, upgrading every 2-3 years is a good rule of thumb for maintaining optimal performance.

2. Can I upgrade all laptop components?

  • No, not all components are upgradeable. It depends on your laptop’s design and compatibility. RAM and storage upgrades are the most common.

3. Is it worth upgrading an old laptop?

  • Yes, upgrading can extend the lifespan of an old laptop and improve its performance, making it a cost-effective option compared to buying a new one.

4. Should I hire a professional to upgrade my laptop?

  • If you’re not confident in your technical skills, it’s a good idea to seek professional help for complex upgrades like CPU or GPU replacements.

5. What’s the easiest upgrade for a beginner?

  • Upgrading RAM or switching to an SSD is relatively straightforward and can have a noticeable impact on your laptop’s performance.

How do I know if my laptop is upgradable?

There are different ways to check if your laptop is upgradable or not. One way is to use a configurator tool such as Crucial Memory’s Advisor Tool that can scan your laptop and tell you what parts you can upgrade. Another way is to check the manufacturer’s website or manual for your laptop model and see what specifications and options it has. You can also look for screws or panels on the bottom of your laptop that can be opened to access the internal components.

Some of the common components that can be upgraded in a laptop are:

  • RAM (Random Access Memory): This is the memory that your laptop uses to run multiple programs at once. Upgrading RAM can improve your laptop’s performance and multitasking ability.
  • Hard Drive (HDD) or Solid State Drive (SSD): This is the storage space where your laptop keeps your files, programs, and operating system. Upgrading HDD or SSD can increase your laptop’s storage capacity, speed, and reliability.
  • Battery: This is the power source that allows your laptop to run without being plugged in. Upgrading the battery can extend your laptop’s battery life and reduce the risk of overheating or damage.

Some components that are usually not upgradeable in a laptop are:

  • CPU (Central Processing Unit): This is the brain of your laptop that performs calculations and instructions. Most CPUs are soldered to the motherboard and cannot be replaced or upgraded.
  • GPU (Graphics Processing Unit): This is the part of your laptop that handles graphics and video. Most GPUs are either integrated with the CPU or soldered to the motherboard and cannot be replaced or upgraded.
  • Screen: This is the display of your laptop that shows images and text. Most screens are fixed to the laptop frame and cannot be replaced or upgraded.

How do I upgrade the RAM of my laptop?

To upgrade the RAM of your laptop, you need to follow these steps:

  • Find out what type of RAM your laptop supports: You can use a configurator tool such as Crucial Memory’s Advisor Tool to scan your laptop and tell you what type of RAM you need. You can also check the manufacturer’s website or manual for your laptop model and see what specifications it has. You need to know the form factorspeedcapacity, and voltage of the RAM that is compatible with your laptop.
  • Buy the new RAM modules: You can buy the new RAM modules from online or offline stores that sell computer parts. Make sure you buy the same type of RAM that your laptop supports. You can also buy more than one module if your laptop has more than one slot for RAM. The total amount of RAM you can install depends on your laptop model and operating system.
  • Install the new RAM modules: You need to turn off your laptop and unplug it from the power source. You also need to remove the battery if it is removable. Then, you need to locate the RAM slots on the bottom of your laptop. They are usually covered by a panel that can be opened by unscrewing some screws. You need to carefully remove the old RAM modules by pushing the clips on the sides and pulling them out. Then, you need to insert the new RAM modules by aligning the notches and pushing them down until they click into place. You need to make sure they are firmly seated and locked. Then, you need to close the panel and screw it back. You can also put back the battery and plug in the power source.
  • Check if the new RAM is working: You need to turn on your laptop and check if it recognizes the new RAM. You can go to Task Manager > Performance > Memory and see if it shows the correct amount of RAM installed. You can also run some tests or benchmarks to see if your laptop’s performance has improved.

How much RAM should I upgrade?

The amount of RAM you should upgrade depends on what you intend to use your laptop for. As a general rule of thumb, we recommend:

  • Casual user (web browsing, apps/games, and videos): at least 8GB
  • Intermediate user (web browsing, apps, and videos, plus more gaming and/or productivity apps, such as MS Office): at least 16GB
  • Professional user/gamer/graphic designer: At least 32GB

However, this is not a fixed rule and you may need more or less RAM depending on your specific needs and preferences. You should also consider your laptop’s specifications, such as the CPU, GPU, and storage, as well as your budget and availability of RAM modules.

You can use some tools or benchmarks to check how much RAM your laptop is using and how much it can benefit from more RAM. For example, you can use Task Manager > Performance > Memory to see how much RAM is being used by your system and programs. You can also use some online tools such as UserBenchmark or PCMark to compare your laptop’s performance with different amounts of RAM.

Can I upgrade the RAM of a Chromebook?

Unfortunately, most Chromebooks can’t be upgraded with more RAM. This is because the RAM is soldered to the motherboard and there is no slot available to insert a new memory stick. This means that you are stuck with the amount of RAM that comes with your Chromebook.

However, there may be some ways to work around this problem and improve your Chromebook’s performance. One way is to use swap memory, which is a portion of your storage that acts as extra RAM. You can enable swap memory on ChromeOS by following some steps that involve using the crash terminal and some commands. However, this may not be very effective or reliable, and it may reduce the lifespan of your storage.

Another way is to upgrade your storage, which is the part of your Chromebook that holds your files and programs. Some Chromebooks have removable storage that can be swapped with a larger or faster one. However, this depends on your Chromebook model and the type of storage it uses. You need to check if your Chromebook has a 42mm M.2 / NGFF SSD an M.2 SATA SSD or an eMMC storage. The first two types can be upgraded, but the last one can’t.

Can I upgrade the battery of my laptop?

The answer to this question depends on your laptop model and the type of battery it uses. Some laptops have removable batteries that can be easily swapped out with a new one, while others have internal batteries that are harder to access and replace.

To find out if you can upgrade the battery of your laptop, you need to check the following:

  • The model number of your laptop and the part number of your battery. You can usually find these on a sticker on the bottom of your laptop or in the user manual. You can also use some online tools such as Crucial Advisor or Battery Finder to help you identify your laptop and battery model.
  • The availability of a compatible replacement battery. You can search online for a new battery that matches your laptop and battery model, or contact the manufacturer or a reputable seller for assistance. You should avoid buying cheap or counterfeit batteries that may damage your laptop or pose a fire hazard.
  • The difficulty of replacing the battery. You can look for online guides or videos that show you how to replace the battery of your laptop or consult a professional technician if you are not confident or experienced in doing it yourself. You may need some tools such as a screwdriver, a plastic pry tool, or an anti-static wrist strap to safely open your laptop and disconnect the old battery.

How do I extend the battery life of my laptop?

There are many tips and tricks that can help you extend the battery life of your laptop. Here are some of the most common and effective ones:

  • Adjust the display brightness. The screen is one of the most power-hungry components of your laptop, so lowering the brightness can save a lot of energy.
  • Use the battery saver mode. This is a feature that reduces the power consumption of your laptop by limiting unnecessary background activities, such as notifications, updates, or syncs.
  • Close or disable unused apps and programs. Having too many apps or programs running in the background can drain your battery faster, especially if they are resource-intensive or use the internet.
  • Switch to a balanced or power-saving power plan. This is a setting that controls how your laptop uses its hardware and software to optimize performance or battery life. You can access it from the Control Panel or the Settings app on Windows.
  • Turn off or reduce the volume of the speakers. The speakers also use a lot of power, especially if they are loud or have a bass boost. You can use headphones or mute the sound if you don’t need it.
  • Replace your HDD with an SSD. If your laptop has a hard disk drive (HDD), you can upgrade it to a solid state drive (SSD), which uses less power and is faster and more reliable. However, this may require some technical skills and tools.

Can I use my laptop while charging it?

The answer to this question is not very straightforward, as different sources may give different opinions. However, the general consensus is that you can use your laptop while charging it, as long as you follow some precautions. These include:

  • Keep the laptop in a well-ventilated area. Charging and using your laptop at the same time can generate a lot of heat, which can damage the battery and other components. You should avoid placing your laptop on soft surfaces such as pillows, blankets, or carpets, and use a cooling pad or fan if possible.
  • Avoid using the laptop for intensive tasks while charging. Tasks such as gaming, video editing, or streaming can put a lot of stress on the battery and the charger, and cause them to overheat or wear out faster. You should limit your usage to light tasks such as browsing, emailing, or word processing while charging.
  • Use the correct charger for your laptop. You should always use the original charger that came with your laptop, or a compatible one that has the same voltage and current ratings. Using a wrong or faulty charger can damage your battery or cause a fire hazard.
  • Don’t leave your laptop plugged in all the time. Once your battery is fully charged, you should unplug your laptop and use it on battery power until it reaches around 20% to 40% before plugging it in again. This can help extend the battery life cycle and prevent overcharging.

How often should you upgrade your PC?

The answer to this question depends on your personal needs, preferences, and budget. However, a general guideline is that you should upgrade your PC every three to five years. This is because:

  • New technologies and architectures are released every few years. Manufacturers such as Intel, AMD, and Nvidia constantly develop new processors, graphics cards, and other components that offer significantly improved performance, efficiency, and features. For example, the latest generation of Intel Core processors (12th Gen) uses a hybrid architecture that combines high-performance and high-efficiency cores for different tasks.
  • Older hardware becomes obsolete and incompatible over time. As technology advances, older hardware may not be able to run the latest software, games, or applications smoothly or at all. For example, some games require a minimum amount of RAM, VRAM, or CPU cores to run properly. Older hardware may also have compatibility issues with newer operating systems, drivers, or peripherals.
  • Older hardware wears out and degrades over time. Like any physical device, computer hardware has a limited lifespan and can suffer from wear and tear, dust accumulation, heat damage, or mechanical failure. For example, hard disk drives (HDDs) have moving parts that can break down after a few years of use. Older hardware may also consume more power and generate more heat than newer hardware.

These are some of the reasons why you should upgrade your PC every three to five years. However, you can also upgrade individual components as needed, such as adding more RAM, replacing your HDD with an SSD, or upgrading your graphics card. This can help extend the life of your PC and improve its performance without replacing the whole system.

How long should a PC last before upgrading?

The lifespan of a PC before needing an upgrade can vary depending on several factors, including your specific needs, usage patterns, and the initial hardware specifications of your computer. Here are some general guidelines to consider:

  1. Usage Intensity: If you use your PC for basic tasks like web browsing, word processing, and email, a well-maintained PC can last you anywhere from 5 to 8 years or even longer. These tasks are not very demanding on hardware.
  2. Gaming and High-Performance Tasks: For gaming or other resource-intensive tasks like video editing, the lifespan may be shorter, typically around 3 to 5 years. This is because new games and software often require more powerful hardware to run smoothly.
  3. Hardware Upgrades: Upgrading specific components, such as adding more RAM or switching to a solid-state drive (SSD), can extend the lifespan of your PC. These upgrades can give your PC a performance boost and keep it relevant for a few more years.
  4. Operating System Support: Consider the support lifecycle of the operating system you’re using. Manufacturers usually provide updates and support for around 5 to 10 years. After that, using outdated software can become a security risk.
  5. Technological Advancements: Rapid advancements in technology can make your PC feel outdated sooner. New hardware features, improved processors, and graphics cards may tempt you to upgrade earlier than planned.
  6. User Preferences: Your personal preferences play a role too. Some people are content with older technology and can use the same PC for a decade or more, while others prefer the latest and fastest hardware.
  7. Maintenance: Regular maintenance, such as cleaning out dust, updating software, and performing routine backups, can help extend the life of your PC.

In summary, there’s no fixed duration for how long a PC should last before upgrading. It largely depends on your specific needs and how well you maintain and upgrade your computer over time. It’s a good idea to periodically assess your PC’s performance and decide on upgrades or replacements based on your requirements.

When should I upgrade my gaming PC?

Knowing when to upgrade your gaming PC depends on several factors, including your gaming preferences, the specific games you play, and your PC’s current performance. Here are some indicators to help you decide when it’s time for an upgrade:

  1. Performance Issues: If you’re experiencing lag, stuttering, or frame rate drops in your favorite games, it may be a sign that your current hardware is struggling to keep up with the demands of newer titles. Upgrading can improve your gaming experience.
  2. New Game Releases: When new, graphically demanding games are released, it’s an excellent time to assess your PC’s capabilities. If your system doesn’t meet the recommended hardware requirements for these games, consider an upgrade.
  3. Obsolete Hardware: If your PC components are several generations old and no longer supported by the latest games or software updates, it’s time to think about upgrading. This is especially true for your graphics card, CPU, and RAM.
  4. Upcoming Titles: Keep an eye on upcoming game releases and their system requirements. If you’re excited about a game that demands more power than your current PC can provide, it might be time to upgrade.
  5. Desired Quality Settings: If you want to play games at higher resolutions (e.g., 1440p or 4K) or with ultra-high graphics settings, your current hardware may not be up to the task. Upgrading your graphics card and monitor can help achieve these goals.
  6. Virtual Reality (VR): VR gaming demands a significant amount of computing power. If you’re interested in VR gaming, ensure your PC meets the recommended VR hardware specifications. If not, an upgrade may be necessary.
  7. Hardware Bottlenecks: If one component of your PC is significantly weaker than the rest (e.g., an outdated CPU paired with a modern GPU), it can create bottlenecks that limit your overall gaming performance. Upgrading the bottlenecked component can make a noticeable difference.
  8. Personal Satisfaction: If you’re no longer satisfied with your gaming experience and find yourself frustrated by subpar performance or visual quality, it’s a good time to invest in an upgrade to enhance your enjoyment.
  9. Budget Considerations: Of course, your budget plays a crucial role in the decision. Determine how much you’re willing to spend on upgrades and prioritize the components that will have the most significant impact on your gaming experience.

In conclusion, the timing of your gaming PC upgrade should be based on your gaming needs and preferences. It’s a balance between staying current with hardware advancements and getting the most out of your existing setup. Regularly monitoring your PC’s performance and staying informed about new game releases and hardware developments will help you make informed upgrade decisions.

What is the difference between upgrading and replacing a PC?

The difference between upgrading and replacing a PC is that upgrading means changing one or more components of your existing PC to improve its performance or functionality, while replacing means buying a new PC and discarding or selling your old one. Some of the factors that may influence your decision to upgrade or replace your PC are:

  • Price. Upgrading a PC is usually cheaper than replacing a PC, because you only pay for the parts that you need to upgrade, not the whole system. However, if the parts that you need to upgrade are very expensive, or if you need to upgrade many parts at once, it may be more cost-effective to buy a new PC instead.
  • Performance. Upgrading a PC can improve its performance significantly, especially if you upgrade the processor, the graphics card, the RAM, or the storage device. However, upgrading a PC may not be enough to meet your performance needs if your PC is very old or has compatibility issues with newer software or hardware. In that case, replacing your PC with a newer model may be a better option.
  • Familiarity. Upgrading a PC can help you keep using your familiar system, software, and settings without having to learn new ones or transfer your data. However, upgrading a PC may also require some technical skills and knowledge, such as how to choose the right parts, how to install them correctly, and how to troubleshoot any problems that may arise. Replacing your PC may be easier and more convenient if you are not comfortable with upgrading your PC yourself.

Should I upgrade my PC or buy a new one?

Deciding whether to upgrade your PC or buy a new one depends on several factors, including your current PC’s specifications, your budget, your performance needs, and your long-term goals. Here are some considerations to help you make the right choice:

Upgrade Your PC If:

  1. Your PC Meets Most of Your Needs: If your current PC can handle your day-to-day tasks and activities reasonably well but falls short in a few areas, upgrading specific components can be a cost-effective solution.
  2. Budget Constraints: If you have a limited budget, upgrading individual components like RAM, storage, or the graphics card can provide a noticeable performance boost without the cost of a completely new system.
  3. Sustainability: If you’re environmentally conscious, upgrading your PC can be a more sustainable choice than replacing it entirely. It reduces electronic waste and extends the life of your existing hardware.
  4. Customization: Upgrading allows you to tailor your PC to your specific needs. You can focus on the components that matter most to you, whether it’s gaming, productivity, or content creation.
  5. Software Compatibility: If your current PC is compatible with the software you need and you don’t anticipate needing significantly more power, upgrading can keep your system relevant.

Buy a New PC If:

  1. Your PC Is Outdated: If your PC is several years old, especially if it doesn’t meet the minimum requirements for modern software or games, it may be more cost-effective to invest in a new system with up-to-date hardware.
  2. Significant Hardware Failures: If multiple components in your PC are failing or showing signs of wear, the cost of replacing those components may add up quickly. In such cases, a new PC might be a better choice.
  3. Performance Needs: If your computing needs have significantly evolved, and your current PC can’t keep up with demanding tasks like gaming, video editing, or 3D rendering, a new, high-performance PC may be necessary.
  4. Warranty and Support: New PCs often come with warranties and support options, providing peace of mind in case of hardware issues. Upgraded components may not have the same level of coverage.
  5. Future-Proofing: If you want a PC that will remain relevant for several years without the need for frequent upgrades, investing in a new, powerful system is a smart choice.
  6. Time and Convenience: Building a new PC or researching and purchasing individual components for an upgrade can be time-consuming and complex. If you value convenience, buying a pre-built PC may be preferable.

Ultimately, the decision to upgrade or buy a new PC depends on your individual circumstances and preferences. Consider your current PC’s performance, your budget, and how well it aligns with your current and future computing needs. Both upgrading and buying new have their merits; the key is to choose the option that best suits your situation.

Lenovo Legion Slim 5 Review: Gaming Bargain with Long Battery Life


The Legion Slim 5 delivers robust performance, and boasts an enduring battery life, and all this comes at an unbeatable price point.

Sporting a Ryzen 9 7940HS processor and an RTX 4060 GPU under its hood, the Legion Slim Pro presents an enviable fusion of performance, durability, and value.


  • Affordable starting price
  • Excellent battery life
  • Solid performance across all benchmarks


  • The display could be brighter
  • Mediocre speakers

In the realm of contemporary gaming laptops, an astounding truth prevails: the era of lamentable choices is nearly extinct. Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) have truly upped their game in recent times, ushering in an era where laptops not only deliver higher frame rates but also boast extended battery life and superior displays that were once the stuff of dreams. Most importantly, gamers no longer need to break the bank to secure commendable performance.

This narrative rings true for the Lenovo Legion Slim 5, a 16-inch gaming powerhouse bedecked with a QHD+ display. Beneath its sleek exterior, it harbors an AMD Ryzen 7 7840HS processor, a substantial 16GB of RAM, and an Nvidia GeForce RTX 4060 GPU. While the laptop carries a Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price (MSRP) of $1,529.99, it often graces the market at a more accessible price point of $1,149.99 during sales, solidifying its standing as an exceptional bargain among the top-tier gaming laptops.

Design of the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

When it comes to design, the Legion Slim 5 follows the footsteps of its Lenovo gaming siblings, particularly the Legion Pro 5i. In essence, it boasts a plastic chassis adorned in a sleek onyx grey finish, exuding an understated and versatile aesthetic. While it unmistakably bears the identity of a gaming machine, it possesses an aura that wouldn’t seem out of place gracing a desk in a professional office environment.

Design of the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

The display of the Legion Slim 5 is framed by slender bezels, although at the center of the top bezel, there’s a slightly more pronounced section that accommodates the 1080p webcam. Unlike some of its gaming laptop counterparts, this webcam doesn’t boast a physical privacy shutter. Instead, a convenient physical switch, situated on the right side of the chassis, allows you to deactivate the webcam when it’s not in use.

Moving over to the right side, the lone inhabitant is the full-size memory card reader. Shifting our focus to the left flank, you’ll encounter two USB-C ports and a 3.5 mm headphone jack for your connectivity needs. Meanwhile, the rear panel plays host to two USB 3.2 (Type-A) ports, a gigabit Ethernet port, and a unique proprietary jack designed for the power adapter.

Design of the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

In terms of dimensions, the Legion Slim 5 stands at 14.16 x 10.25 x 0.99 inches, a footprint akin to that of its sibling, the Legion Pro 5i. However, it distinguishes itself by being marginally lighter at 5.29 pounds compared to the latter’s 5.6 pounds. In the same size and weight league, we find the Acer Predator Helios Neo 16, tipping the scales at 5.79 pounds.

On the other end of the spectrum, the Razer Blade 14 deviates from the norm with its smaller footprint, owing to its 14-inch display. Remarkably, it also sheds over a pound in weight when compared to the other three laptops, coming in at a svelte 4.05 pounds.

Lenovo Legion Slim 5 Gaming Performance

Inside the Legion Slim 5 resides an AMD Ryzen 9 7940HS, an impressive 8-core/16-thread processor. It operates at a base clock of 3.8 GHz, with the ability to surge to a maximum boost clock of 5.1 GHz. The processor is harmoniously paired with an Nvidia GeForce RTX 4060 graphics card and a commendable 16GB of DDR5-5600 memory, configured as 2 x 8GB modules.

In the arena of competition, closely matched rivals step forth, with the exception of the Razer Blade 14, which, despite its smaller display, wields a mightier GPU in the form of the RTX 4070. On the other hand, the Lenovo Legion Pro 5i and the Acer Predator Helios Neo 16 present a more equitable contest, boasting similar configurations featuring an i7-13700HX processor, RTX 4060 graphics, and a 1600p display.

When put to the test with Cyberpunk 2077, the Legion Slim 5 showcased its mettle. Running the game on high settings with ray tracing engaged and employing DLSS Balanced, along with DLSS frame generation enabled, it maintained an impressive average of 94 frames per second (fps) at 1200p resolution. Upping the ante with a resolution of 1600p, the performance dipped but remained respectable at around 62 fps.

Lenovo Legion Slim 5 Gaming Performance

We kick-start our gaming benchmark journey with a deep dive into Shadow of the Tomb Raider, cranking up the settings to the highest echelon. The Legion Slim 5 impressively clocked in at 96 frames per second (fps) while operating at 1080p. When we pushed the envelope further to 1600p, the frame rate gracefully settled at 55 fps. It’s worth noting that this performance, while just a hair behind the Predator Helios Neo 16 by 1-2 fps, did lag behind the similarly-equipped Legion Pro 5i.

Steering into the realm of Grand Theft Auto V, with the settings elevated to ‘very high,’ the Legion Slim 5 secured the second position. It adeptly managed 91 fps at 1080p and held its ground with 52 fps at 1600p. However, the competition remained neck-and-neck, with all laptops delivering closely-matched rankings at both resolutions. A notable exception was the Legion Pro 5i, which surged ahead at 1080p, boasting an impressive 97 fps.

The battleground shifted to Far Cry 6, this time under the ‘ultra’ settings banner. At 1080p, the Legion Slim 5 technically landed in the last spot with 83 fps. However, we’d hesitate to label it as a lackluster performance, given that it was merely 2 fps shy of the Blade 14’s 85 fps and a mere 5 fps behind the Predator Helio Neo 16’s 88 fps. Moreover, when we upped the ante to 1600p, the Legion Slim 5 remained commendable, delivering a respectable 62 fps.

Moving onward to the challenging terrain of Red Dead Redemption 2, with settings dialed to ‘medium,’ the Legion Slim 5 found itself in a tie with the Predator Helio Neo 16, securing the third spot. At 1080p, they both attained 65 fps, and at 1600p, they matched strides at 39 fps. However, the Blade 14 surged to the forefront, leading the pack with 73 fps at 1080p and 45 fps at 1600p.

Borderlands 3 continued to emphasize the remarkable parity between the Legion Slim 5 and the Predator Helio Neo 16. Both held steady at approximately 80 fps at 1080p and just over 50 fps at 1600p. In a show of dominance, the Blade 14 once again flexed its muscles, delivering an impressive 98 fps at 1080p and 64 fps at 1600p.

Concluding our testing odyssey with the Metro Exodus Benchmark under ‘RTX settings,’ the Legion Slim 5 traversed through 15 iterations at the demanding 1600p resolution. Impressively, it averaged 49.96 fps across these runs. During this feat, the Ryzen 9 7940HS held an average clock speed of 3.93 GHz at a temperature of 70.67 degrees Celsius (159.2 degrees Fahrenheit). Simultaneously, the GeForce RTX 4070 GPU showcased its mettle, maintaining an average clock speed of 2.12 GHz while operating at a temperature of 70.53 degrees Celsius (158.95 degrees Fahrenheit).

Lenovo Legion Slim 5 Productivity Performance

Inside the Legion Slim 5’s sleek chassis, you’ll find an AMD Ryzen 9 7940HS processor, backed by a solid 16GB of DDR5-5600 memory and a capacious 512GB SSD.

When subjecting the Legion Slim 5 to the rigorous examination of the Geekbench 5 synthetic CPU benchmark, it proved its mettle in single-core performance, achieving an impressive score of 1,893. This performance placed it neck and neck with its Raptor Lake-based competitors, falling just slightly behind the Blade 14, which shares the same Ryzen 9 7940HS processor. However, when the spotlight shifted to multi-core performance, the Legion Slim 5, along with the Blade 14, found themselves outclassed. They achieved a score of 11,046, while the leading Legion Pro 5i triumphed with a commanding score of 14,967.

Lenovo Legion Slim 5 Productivity Performance

Shifting focus to the file transfer trial, involving the swift movement of 25GB of data, the Legion Slim 5 exhibited a commendable performance, clocking in at 1,733.97 MBps. While this feat positioned it just a hair’s breadth away from the top-ranking Legion Pro 5i, it showcased the laptop’s robust file-handling capabilities.

In the realm of the Handbrake test, where a challenging 4K video is deftly transcoded into 1080p, the Legion Slim 5 executed the task in a commendable 4 minutes and 34 seconds. This achievement placed it slightly ahead of the Blade 14 by a margin of 11 seconds. However, neither could match the remarkable speed of the Legion Pro 5i, which effortlessly completed the same task in a mere 3 minutes and 39 seconds.

Display on the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

The Legion Slim 5 arrives with a standard 16-inch FHD+ (1920 x 1200) IPS display as the default configuration. However, our review unit boasted an upgraded QHD+ (2560 x 1600) IPS panel, elevating the visual experience with a brisk 165 Hz refresh rate.

During extensive gaming sessions, particularly in titles like Overwatch 2 and Cyberpunk 2077, the IPS panel’s performance was notable. It offered excellent viewing angles, ensuring that visuals remained clear and vivid even when observed from oblique perspectives. While the colors exhibited reasonable vibrancy, it’s worth noting that the display didn’t quite reach the pinnacle of OLED levels of color richness. In Cyberpunk 2077, darker regions exhibited a shade closer to dark grey, partly due to the LED backlight’s influence.

Shifting the spotlight onto video performance, I directed my attention to the recently-released Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3, available on Disney Plus. Much like my theatrical viewing experience, the movie’s poignant moments, particularly those unveiling Rocket’s origin story, tugged at the heartstrings, occasionally prompting a fight against tears.

Beyond the emotional journey, this cinematic voyage allowed me to delve into the Legion Slim 5’s commendable color performance. This became particularly evident when the Guardians graced the screen donned in their vibrant spacesuits, adorned in hues of yellow, red, orange, blue, and green, as they embarked on their mission at Orgocorp headquarters. While it’s important to note that there was a discernible contrast from the Mini-LED display on my daily driver laptop, the performance here, especially considering the laptop’s sub-$1,500 price point, was truly commendable.

In our rigorous tests, the Legion Slim 5, while an impressive performer, found itself trailing its Legion Pro 5i counterpart in all aspects. According to our colorimeter, it achieved 78.1 percent coverage of the DCI-P3 color space and an impressive 110 percent of the sRGB color space. However, in terms of brightness, it lagged behind, registering at 318 nits, compared to the Legion Pro 5i’s 349 nits and the Predator Helios Neo 16’s formidable 499 nits.

Keyboard and Touchpad on the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

The keyboard on the Legion Slim 5 held a sense of instant familiarity for me, and with good reason—it’s essentially the same unit as the one featured in the Legion Pro 5i that I had the opportunity to review earlier this year. All the keys are meticulously arranged in their familiar positions, the convenient number pad retains its place, and even the centrally-placed power button, positioned right above the F9 and F10 keys, remains unaltered.

Keyboard and Touchpad on the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

As is my habit, I made a pit stop at keyhero.com to put my typing speed to the test, yielding a result of 85 words per minute with an impressive 95 percent accuracy rate. This performance was essentially in line with my previous endeavors on the Legion Pro 5i, and I couldn’t help but chuckle at the predictability.

The Legion Slim 5’s keyboard boasts the added flair of four-zone RGB lighting, a feature managed through the Lenovo Vantage software. For customization, you can explore the settings under Lenovo Spectrum, offering an array of effects to choose from. It also grants you control over the speed and brightness of the RGB illumination. However, it’s worth noting that per-key controls are not a feature of the Legion Slim 5’s keyboard.

The touchpad, though not a colossal expanse like some of the mammoth control surfaces found in the laptop world, proved to be user-friendly and delivered a satisfying “click” sensation. That said, my personal preference leaned towards a Razer Atheris mouse, which I opted to use wirelessly via Bluetooth for most of my laptop interactions.

Audio on the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

The audio setup of the Legion Slim 5 incorporates a pair of 2-watt speakers, enhanced by Nahimic audio technology. This sophisticated audio software offers a range of settings to fine-tune the soundscape to your personal preferences. However, despite some experimentation with the presets, I found that the alterations didn’t yield a significant enough difference to sway my opinion about the audio quality.

During my adventures in Cyberpunk 2077, I couldn’t help but notice that voices sounded somewhat muffled. This was a tad disappointing, especially considering the game’s dialogue-heavy nature. On a brighter note, the audio experience improved when it came to elements like gunfire, explosions, and vehicle engines. Nevertheless, for immersive gaming, I’d still recommend turning to a good pair of headphones.

For my musical interlude, I turned to “Stranger” by Hooverphonic, an evocative track from their album “The President of the LSD Golf Club.” However, the Legion Slim 5’s speakers left me somewhat underwhelmed. Geike Amaert’s haunting vocals and the resonating bass guitar both fell somewhat flat, failing to capture the essence of the song. In this auditory journey, the keyboard was the sole element that emerged unscathed, a solitary beacon in an otherwise underwhelming soundscape.

Upgradeability on the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

Keeping with the tradition upheld by most Lenovo laptops, achieving access to the internals of the Legion Slim 5 is a straightforward affair. Ten Philips head screws are the sole sentinels guarding the gateway to the laptop’s upgradable components. Once inside, it becomes apparent that the battery is readily replaceable, and there exist two SO-DIMM slots, primed for future memory upgrades. It’s worth noting, however, that both slots are currently occupied in this configuration, boasting a robust 16GB DDR5-5600 memory setup.

Upgradeability on the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

The Legion Slim 5 makes no secret of its user-friendly approach to internal components. The Wi-Fi/Bluetooth combo card stands readily accessible, as do the two M.2 slots designed to accommodate SSDs. Notably, one of these M.2 slots is already occupied by the 512GB SK hynix SSD, leaving the other available for those seeking additional storage space.

Battery Life on the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

When it comes to endurance, the Legion Slim 5 certainly doesn’t lag behind. Similar to our findings with the Blade 14, the AMD Ryzen 9 7940HS proves itself as a remarkably efficient processor. In our rigorous testing regimen, encompassing activities such as web browsing, light graphics tasks, and video streaming over Wi-Fi, all under the soft glow of a display set to 150 nits brightness, the Legion Slim 5’s battery demonstrated its resilience. It soldiered on for an impressive 7 hours and 21 minutes.

Admittedly, it fell just short of matching the Blade 14’s stellar performance, which managed a robust 8 hours and 34 minutes. However, when compared to its Raptor Lake-powered competitors, the Legion Slim 5 left them trailing in the dust, showcasing its formidable battery life.

Battery Life on the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

Just as our gaming benchmarks revealed, the Legion Pro 5i, armed with its Core i7-13700HX, seized the lead in several performance metrics. However, it’s essential to underscore the Legion Slim 5’s distinct advantage when it comes to battery life.

Heat on the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

During our demanding Metro Exodus stress test, the dual fans within the system predictably kicked into high gear, a typical occurrence for gaming laptops. However, the rush of air generated by these fans remained surprisingly unobtrusive during gameplay. Although a constant presence in the background, it tactfully refrained from intruding upon my gaming immersion once I adjusted the volume to around 40 percent. It becomes a non-issue when you’re equipped with a pair of top-tier gaming headsets.

In terms of thermal performance, we recorded a temperature of 22.22 degrees Celsius (72 degrees Fahrenheit) on the touchpad and 39.88 degrees Celsius (103.8 degrees Fahrenheit) between the G and H keys, all while the Metro Exodus stress test was in full swing. The hottest point on the underside of the chassis, situated near the far-left corner, registered at 50.11 degrees Celsius (122.2 degrees Fahrenheit).

Webcam on the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

Keeping in step with the trends seen in modern laptops, the Legion Slim 5 comes equipped with a 1080p webcam, marking a significant upgrade from the long-standing standard of 720p webcams.

Webcam on the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

When it comes to image quality, the Legion Slim 5 effortlessly holds its own within its class. It exhibits a level of performance that translates to realistic skin tones, commendable detail, and minimal noise in your visual interactions. Whether you’re engaged in work calls via Google Meet or catching up with family over Skype, this camera is more than up to the task.

As a noteworthy detail, it’s worth mentioning that, unlike some laptops, the Legion Slim 5 lacks a physical shutter to obscure the webcam when not in use. Instead, a nifty switch, thoughtfully located on the right side of the chassis near the SDXC slot, provides quick and convenient control for enabling or disabling the camera as needed.

Software and Warranty on the Lenovo Legion Slim 5

Fresh out of the box, the Legion Slim 5 comes pre-loaded with four branded apps, each serving a specific purpose. First, Legion Arena serves as a hub for accessing your games across a range of platforms, including Battle.net, Epic Games, Steam, Xbox, and Ubisoft services. Secondly, Lenovo Hotkeys provides an informative catalog of function shortcuts available on the system, ensuring you’re well-versed in its capabilities. Thirdly, Lenovo Voice offers controls for the microphone and text-to-speech functionality.

However, the crown jewel among these apps is undoubtedly Lenovo Vantage. Serving as Lenovo’s command center, it places the reins for controlling and monitoring most facets of the Legion Slim 5’s hardware squarely in your hands. You can keep a watchful eye on system vitals for the GPU, CPU, and SSD, tweak power profiles, and even indulge in GPU overclocking, among other capabilities. Furthermore, this app grants access to RGB settings for the keyboard and facilitates seamless system updates, including drivers, software, and BIOS updates.

Additionally, the Legion Slim 5 comes adorned with other pre-installed apps, including Nahimic for audio control, X-Rite Color Assistant for managing display color profiles, Dolby Vision for enhanced visual experiences, and a Lenovo-sponsored Dropbox promo. Naturally, you’ll also encounter Microsoft’s customary selection of pre-installed shortcuts to various apps like Netflix and TikTok conveniently located in the Start menu.

To add an extra layer of assurance, the Legion Slim 5 is supported by a one-year manufacturer’s warranty.

Lenovo Legion Slim 5 Configurations

As I scoured the options available for the Legion Slim 5, I encountered only two distinct configurations, one of which is accessible directly from Lenovo. This foundational system is equipped with an AMD Ryzen 5 7640HS processor, 16GB of DDR6-5600 memory, a 512GB SSD, a GeForce RTX 4050, and a 16-inch 1920 x 1200 display. Priced at $1,019.99, it represents a wallet-friendly choice. However, it’s worth noting that this same configuration is priced at $1,349.99 at Best Buy, making it clear that direct purchase from Lenovo offers significant savings.

Moving on to our review unit, it is exclusively available at Best Buy with an MSRP of $1,529.99. This configuration boasts a robust Ryzen 9 7940HS processor, 16GB of DDR5-5600 memory, a 512GB SSD, a GeForce RTX 4060, and an impressive 2560 x 1600 display. At present, the laptop is available at a sale price of $1,149.99 at Best Buy, marking a substantial $380 discount. This presents an incredible value proposition, delivering an abundance of features and capabilities for less than $1,200. However, it’s worth considering that if the laptop were priced closer to its original $1,529.99 MSRP, the Legion Pro 5i might emerge as the more compelling choice.

Bottom Line

The Lenovo Legion Slim 5 may not have swept our gaming benchmark suite, but it consistently held its ground, frequently landing in the middle of the pack or within striking distance in all the tests. What it truly excelled at were productivity tasks, delivering commendable performance, particularly in the realm of storage speed. Nevertheless, where this laptop truly shone was in the endurance department, demonstrating remarkable stamina by lasting over seven hours on a single charge in our tests – a feat that outshone its sibling, the Legion Pro 5i, by nearly two and a half hours.

If there’s one aspect that could have been improved, it would be the screen’s brightness, which, while not a deal-breaker, left room for enhancement. As for the speakers, they may not be top-tier, but this becomes less of a concern if you plan to game with headphones. For those seeking a significantly brighter display and slightly superior audio, the Acer Predator Helio Neo 16 presents itself as a viable alternative worth considering.

However, the most compelling aspect of this laptop is undoubtedly its pricing. While the original MSRP of $1,529.99 might give pause, especially when compared to the generally superior performance of the Legion Pro 5i, the current sale price of $1,149.99 positions the Legion Slim 5 as an irresistible bargain that demands attention and recognition.

The Best Laptop To Buy In 2024


The best laptop to buy in 2024 depends on your needs, preferences, and budget. However, based on the web search results, one of the most recommended laptops for 2024 is the Dell XPS 15. This laptop has a powerful 13th generation Intel Core i9 processor, 32GB of RAM, 1TB SSD, and a vibrant 15.6-inch. touch display 3.5K (3456X2160) OLED Display. It is suitable for both work and play, and it has a sleek design and long battery life.

Other laptops that you may consider are the MacBook Air, which is a lightweight and versatile laptop with a high-quality display and keyboard, the HP Envy x360, which is a budget-friendly and convertible laptop with a touchscreen and a fast processor, or the Asus ROG Zephyrus G14, which is a powerful and portable gaming laptop with a stunning screen and impressive graphics.

some general tips on what to look for when considering a laptop purchase in that year:

  1. Performance: Look for laptops with the latest generation of processors and sufficient RAM (at least 8GB or more) for smooth multitasking and application performance.
  2. Display: A high-resolution display (Full HD or higher) with good color accuracy and brightness can enhance your overall computing experience, especially if you’re into content creation or multimedia consumption.
  3. Portability: Consider the laptop’s size and weight, especially if you need to carry it around frequently. Ultrabooks and lightweight laptops are great for portability.
  4. Battery Life: Longer battery life is always desirable, especially if you plan to use your laptop on the go. Look for laptops with efficient processors and larger battery capacities.
  5. Storage: Solid State Drives (SSDs) offer faster performance compared to traditional Hard Disk Drives (HDDs). Try to get a laptop with an SSD for faster boot times and application loading.
  6. Graphics: If you plan to do gaming, video editing, or other graphics-intensive tasks, consider a laptop with a dedicated graphics card from Nvidia or AMD.
  7. Connectivity: Ensure the laptop has enough ports like USB Type-A and Type-C, HDMI, and an audio jack to connect your peripherals and accessories.
  8. Operating System: Choose an operating system that aligns with your preferences and needs, whether it’s Windows, macOS, or Linux.
  9. Build Quality: Look for laptops with a durable build, good keyboard, and responsive touchpad. Premium materials like aluminum or magnesium can contribute to better overall build quality.
  10. Reviews and User Feedback: Check reviews from reputable sources and gather user feedback to get an idea of real-world performance and issues.
  11. Future-Proofing: Consider laptops that have a good balance of current technology and potential for future upgrades, such as expandable RAM or storage.

Remember that the “best” laptop can vary based on your specific needs and budget. It’s recommended to research thoroughly and consider your own requirements before making a purchase

1- Dell XPS 15 Wins Best Overall

The Dell XPS 15 is a popular laptop known for its sleek design, powerful performance, and high-quality display.

In the realm of laptops for the year 2024, the unrivaled champion emerges in the form of the Dell XPS 15. This remarkable laptop claims its throne courtesy of the commanding 13th generation Intel Core i9 processor it houses, complemented by a generous 32GB of RAM, a capacious 1TB SSD, and a vivid 15.6-inch touch display with an impressive 3.5K (3456X2160) OLED presentation. Truly a titan, this laptop stands as a powerhouse seamlessly tailored to excel in both professional pursuits and leisurely engagements.

The Dell XPS 15 typically offers the following features:

  1. Display: The XPS 15 is known for its InfinityEdge display, which minimizes bezels and provides a more immersive viewing experience. It often comes with options for high-resolution displays, including Full HD and 4K Ultra HD, with excellent color accuracy and brightness.
  2. Performance: The XPS 15 usually includes powerful processors, such as Intel Core i7 or even Core i9 chips. This makes it suitable for demanding tasks like content creation, video editing, and even gaming.
  3. Graphics: Many models of the XPS 15 come with dedicated graphics cards from NVIDIA, which can handle graphic-intensive tasks and even some gaming.
  4. Build Quality: Dell XPS laptops are known for their premium build quality. They often feature aluminum chassis and carbon fiber materials that give them a sturdy and stylish feel.
  5. Portability: While not as compact as some ultrabooks, the XPS 15 still maintains a relatively slim and lightweight profile for a laptop with its performance capabilities.
  6. Keyboard and Touchpad: The keyboard and touchpad on the XPS 15 are generally well-regarded for their comfort and responsiveness.
  7. Connectivity: The XPS 15 typically includes a range of ports, including USB Type-A and Type-C ports, an HDMI port, and a headphone jack.
  8. Battery Life: Battery life can vary depending on factors like the display resolution, processor, and usage patterns, but Dell usually aims to provide decent battery life on their XPS 15 models.
  9. Operating System: Dell XPS laptops usually come with Windows pre-installed. Some configurations might offer options for different Windows editions.

2- Alienware m17 R5

Alienware m17 R5

In the gaming sphere of 2024, the Alienware m17 R5 commands attention among enthusiasts. This gaming marvel boasts the prowess of a Ryzen 7 6800H series processor coupled with NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti graphics, all harmonizing with a substantial 32GB RAM to deliver an unparalleled gaming experience. The visuals come alive on the expansive 17.3-inch FHD G-Sync display, which boasts a staggering 480Hz refresh rate, ensuring a seamlessly fluid gameplay encounter.

The Alienware m17 R5 is a gaming laptop that features AMD Ryzen 6000 series processorsRadeon graphics, and AMD Smart Technologies. It has a 17.3-inch display with various resolution and refresh rate options, up to 64GB of DDR5 RAM, and up to 4TB of SSD storage. It also has a distinctive design with customizable RGB lighting, a comfortable keyboard and touchpad, and a range of ports and connectivity options.

The Alienware m17 R5 is one of the most powerful and advanced gaming laptops on the market, offering impressive performance, graphics, and features for demanding gamers. However, it is also quite expensive, heavy, and loud, and it has a short battery life. Therefore, you may want to consider your needs and preferences before buying this laptop.

AnkerMake M5C Review: Fast 3D Printing, No Screen


AnkerMake’s latest 3D printer iteration is not only more affordable and quicker but also takes a different approach toward AI. Additionally, it boldly eliminates the traditional screen, a move that could attract a younger demographic.


  • Speed
  • Phone App
  • Direct Drive
  • Auto bed leveling
  • PEI coated flexible build plate


  • No SD card slots
  • Noisy fans
  • Proprietary nozzles
  • Phone App

In 2022, Anker surprised the industry by introducing the impressively swift AnkerMake M5, a high-end 3D printer equipped with AI print monitoring. However, its spotlight was dimmed by the even faster Core XY from Bambu Lab. After making some adjustments, Anker has returned with the M5C: a swifter, more affordable, and user-friendlier 3D printer.

Priced at $399, the M5C boasts a top speed of 500 mm/s, featuring an all-metal hot end that can handle filament at temperatures as high as 300 degrees Celsius. It’s slightly more compact, sporting a build plate of 220 x 220, comparable to that of an Ender printer.

One notable omission is the absence of a screen. Anker has taken a rather intriguing step by completely removing any form of display from the M5C, opting instead for a prominent “play” button and reliance on a smartphone app. While 3D printer phone apps are not new, they typically serve as supplementary tools for print monitoring. However, AnkerMake’s phone app is mandatory and serves as the sole means of full printer control. This decision might raise concerns for some older users, while simultaneously appealing to those who have grown up surrounded by pocket-sized technology.

Anker’s marketing team is heavily emphasizing the printer’s appeal to newcomers through advertisements and several sponsored YouTube videos, highlighting the prominent singular “play” button. However, this might be somewhat misleading, given that Anker currently offers only 37 pre-made prints accessible for “play” through the app. For any other prints, users will still have to rely on a computer-based slicer. Since Anker doesn’t provide a USB-C stick for the printer, sending files via WiFi and bypassing the play button is more likely.

The AnkerMake slicer has undergone a thorough revamp and serves as the foundation for the printer’s user-friendly experience. Users are encouraged to stick with the Easy mode, which conceals the intricate slicer settings. During our testing, we predominantly used the Easy setting and found the presets to be highly dependable, covering a wide range of usable filament configurations.

However, there are some reservations about depending solely on a mobile app to control a 3D printer. The potential inconvenience of forgetting one’s phone when needing to change the filament, and the complexities associated with printer sharing, raise concerns. For instance, if multiple family members should be able to control the printer, they’ll need to download the app and create accounts – or utilize the owner’s phone. Yet, this could also be viewed as an advantage. In environments like schools, libraries, or maker spaces, only those with app access can fully operate the machine.

In summary, the AnkerMake M5C demonstrates impressive performance, offering both speed and user-friendliness, which positions it as one of the top 3D printers available.

Specifications: AnkerMake M5C

Build Volume 220 x 220 x 250 mm (8.6 x 8.6 x 9.8 inches)
Material PLA/PETG/TPU (up to 300 degrees)
Extruder Type Direct Drive
Nozzle .4 high flow
Build Platform PEI textured spring steel sheet, heated
Bed Leveling Automatic
Filament Runout Sensor Yes
Connectivity WiFi, Bluetooth, USB-C
Interface One Button
Machine Footprint 466×374×480 mm (18.3 x 14.7 x 18.8in)
Machine Weight 9.6 KG (21.1 lbs)


Included in the box: AnkerMake M5C

Included in the box: AnkerMake M5C

The AnkerMake M5C arrives equipped with all the necessary components to kickstart your printing journey. The kit includes a set of tools for both assembling and maintaining the printer, complete with a pair of side cutters. Additionally, a spare nozzle is included. Interestingly, a sample of filament for your initial print is notably absent, so it’s advisable to purchase some filament when placing your printer order. To aid in your selection, we maintain a compilation of the finest filaments for 3D printing.

A quickstart guide poster accompanies the package, offering guidance on building and configuring the printer. At the time of this publication, the AnkerMake app features 37 pre-sliced prints that can be accessed. To operate this printer, you’ll need to download the app.

Assembling the AnkerMake M5C

The AnkerMake M5C arrives in a predominantly pre-assembled state, requiring only 8 bolts – four for each side – to complete its assembly. I managed to put it together in approximately 20 minutes. The wiring process is simpler compared to most other printers, involving just two sets of wires for the stepper motors, along with a single appliance-style cord to connect to the tool head.

Leveling the AnkerMake M5C

The AnkerMake M5C features a pressure sensor mechanism that’s linked to the hot end, enabling automatic bed leveling. Personally, I find this to be my preferred method of bed leveling, as it involves physical contact with the surface and often results in an accurate Z height setting. In the case of this printer, I only had to adjust the z height when printing PETG.

The build platform is securely attached to the Y-Axis, and there are no manual knobs for tramming. All adjustments are carried out through the app.

To level the bed, scroll down within the app until you locate the “Adjustments” section and then tap the “Auto Level” button. The app will provide an estimate that the leveling process will take around 10 minutes. Press the “Start” button to proceed, and the printer will begin heating up to 175 degrees on the nozzle and 60 degrees on the bed. Subsequently, it will home and gently tap 49 points in a 7×7 grid across the bed’s surface.

Leveling the AnkerMake M5C

Loading Filament in the AnkerMake M5C

Loading Filament in the AnkerMake M5C

The AnkerMake M5C features an enhanced filament path incorporating a reverse Bowden tube that links to the spool holder. This setup facilitates convenient direct feeding into the extruder.

To load filament, simply tap the thermometer icon located next to the Print button within the app. Choose the filament type from the provided list, and the system will appropriately heat the nozzle and build plate. Gently insert the filament into the Bowden tube until you encounter resistance. Then, activate the lever on the tool head and push the filament a few additional millimeters. Next, click on the “Extrude” option from the main screen, prompting the filament to be fed into the hot end.

For removing filament or swapping colors, the process can be reversed.

Design of the AnkerMake M5C

Design of the AnkerMake M5C

The AnkerMake M5C represents a more compact rendition of the AnkerMake M5, sporting a similarly sleek and contemporary appearance. The printer’s internal wiring and mechanics are thoughtfully concealed within its frame, with only a solitary exposed cable extending to the tool head.

Remarkably, the printer lacks a physical screen or control panel, necessitating the use of either a mobile app or a computer for its operation. The most notable feature of the printer is the substantial play button situated on the front right corner of the base, accompanied by a luminous LED “M” on the gantry.

AnkerMake is placing significant emphasis on the “one-touch button” aspect of the M5C, although it tends to be more of a novelty rather than a groundbreaking innovation. This button can be programmed through the app and offers a limited range of functions. It can be configured for five actions: three when the printer is idle and two during printing. These actions are executed by a single tap, a double tap, or a press-and-hold for 3 seconds.

During idle mode, the button can be set to:

  • Print the latest file on the USB-C drive
  • Reprint the last file
  • Auto-level
  • Home all axis
  • Do Nothing

While printing, the button can

  • Pause/Continue
  • Stop Printing
  • Do Nothing

The button serves a practical purpose as an emergency stop or for pausing the printer during a filament change. However, due to the absence of a provided USB-C flash drive (an unusual format that I do not possess), I wasn’t able to test the function of “playing” a file from the memory stick. I did manage to utilize the button to reprint the last file, which proved somewhat helpful.

When sending a pre-sliced file through the mobile app, there’s no need to press the button – the app handles all the necessary actions. The same goes for sending files over WiFi from the AnkerMake slicer.

Given the strong emphasis on the mobile app, it would greatly benefit the AnkerMake M5C to include a camera. The previous M5 model had one, and it feels peculiar to visually confirm the print bed’s status manually, especially when the potential exists – theoretically – to initiate a print remotely from anywhere in the world.

Despite the camera’s absence, the app proves to be exceptionally practical. Whenever the printer encounters issues, it provides immediate alerts. For instance, when I tested the filament runout sensor, the app promptly notified me on my phone, indicating the need for more filament. I inadvertently unplugged the tool head without shutting off the power (to photograph the interior), leading to a significant error – the printer could no longer detect its temperature. The machine responded by alerting me with loud beeping, a warning through the app, and even an email notification, effectively highlighting this potentially risky situation.

The AnkerMake app hosts a growing collection of pre-sliced files, all designed to fit within the dimensions of the M5C while remaining compatible with the M5 model. At the time of this post, the app features 37 files primarily focused on small toys. While this selection falls short of the extensive ToyBox app library, the potential for expansion remains uncertain. As of now, there seems to be no way to contribute personal files to the library, although this might be possible with the use of a USB-C stick. Notably, the printer itself does not have any built-in file storage.

The AnkerMake app is also versatile, as it can be utilized with the older M5 model and can manage multiple printers simultaneously.

Despite being smaller than the M5 and lacking an AI-equipped camera, the M5C does not fall short as an inferior product. It features an improved all-metal hot end capable of reaching temperatures up to 300 degrees Celsius and boasts a higher flow rate (35mm³ compared to 24mm³). The filament runout sensor has been positioned on the tool head, minimizing inconvenience, and the Y belt is not tucked into a crevice where filament remnants might become entangled. Additionally, it produces a slightly quieter operation compared to the M5, although not as silent as slower printers.

The M5C delivers exceptional speed without requiring the added weight of its predecessor to maintain stability. An April firmware update for the M5 introduced Klipper’s Pressure Advance and Input Shaper, doubling the printer’s top speed to 500mm/s. These new limits come standard on the M5C, which is also more finely tuned and generates cleaner prints at high speeds.

AnkerMake adheres to its proprietary high-flow nozzle, available for purchase exclusively through their website. A set of 10 nozzles costs $20, which might be a touch steep for brass nozzles. However, various sizes ranging from 0.2mm to 0.8mm are available.

Preparing Files / Software

Preparing Files / Software

AnkerMake offers its own customized slicer, which has undergone significant enhancements since the launch of the M5. While I typically lean away from proprietary slicers, I’m inclined to make an exception for this one. Unlike some slicers with Easy or Basic modes, AnkerMake’s slicer excels due to its user-friendly design. The workflow progresses smoothly from top to bottom, involving selections for Printer, Material, Printing Style (speed), Layer Height, and more. The options are limited to Yes/No or a maximum of three choices.

Upon clicking “Slice,” the file is sent to the Preview Menu, which mirrors the screen you’d encounter in Expert Mode. Here, you can double-check the slicing results. You have the option to click “Export” to save the file – perhaps to that elusive USB-C flash drive – or directly click “Print” to transmit it to a printer. Notably, the slicer still follows the process of creating an AI image, a step primarily relevant to the M5 model and its camera. This aspect could potentially be misleading for M5C owners or any future upgrades.

Printing on the AnkerMake M5C

The AnkerMake M5C boasts a maximum speed of 500mm/s, although opting for 250mm/s delivers superior print quality – a rather commendable outcome. Through extensive speed testing, I found that while 500mm/s might be a bit ambitious, there were never any quality concerns arising from vibrations.

Printing on the AnkerMake M5C

I conducted my test prints utilizing the AnkerMake app, and in the absence of provided filament, I utilized EIBOS Matte-PLA samples. It’s important to note that procuring filament before acquiring this machine is highly recommended. We have compiled a guide featuring our preferred filaments for 3D printing, available here.

The gray cat/bunny on the right was printed directly from the app and defaulted to “fast printing.” It exhibits a somewhat coarse appearance, with the chin being adversely affected due to insufficient support. The one in the middle was sliced by me, maintaining the default “normal” speeds while enhancing the wall count to three. Additionally, I omitted the brim, resulting in an improved print quality.

The khaki bunny on the left underwent the same settings but was directed to the AnkerMake M5. The printed object displays slightly reduced quality compared to the sliced M5C print, featuring somewhat rugged layers. The print required 30 minutes when produced from the app while using 3 walls at 250mm/s took 50 minutes and 21 seconds.

Printing on the AnkerMake M5C

I successfully printed a remarkably fast Benchy in just 20 minutes and 4 seconds, adhering to the Speed Boat Rules (2 walls, 3 top and bottom layers, 10% grid infill, a layer height of 0.25, and a layer width of 0.5). While the layers exhibit some coarseness, there are no evident ringing or layer shifts. This particular Benchy was produced using standard gray Inland PLA filament.

Printing on the AnkerMake M5C 3

To demonstrate the AnkerMake M5C’s capabilities under more relaxed conditions, I embarked on the production of this Clockspring Cosmic Saucer. Employing Easy Mode, Normal Speed (with a maximum speed of 250mm/s), and a layer height of 0.2mm, I crafted the individual components that subsequently screw together.

The results are strikingly smooth, characterized by intricate detailing and sleek walls. I chose Inland Dual Color Gold/Silver, Policymakers Starlight Jupiter (for the antenna), Galaxy Dark Blue PolyLite PLA (for the landing gear), and Protopasta’s Cobalt Blue Translucent HTPLA (for the glass). The cumulative printing duration amounted to 2 hours, 30 minutes, and 33 seconds.

Printing on the AnkerMake M5C 4

For a utilitarian print, I harnessed the capabilities of the AnkerMake M5C to manufacture PETG brackets meant to support a fresh filament shelf. I adhered to AnkerMake’s default PETG settings, which capped the wall speed at 150mm/s while amplifying the print with 6 walls and a 25% infill. Though the top layer displays some streakiness, the components remain notably robust. This particular print demanded a duration of 2 hours and 59 minutes, using IC3D recycled black PETG material.

Printing on the AnkerMake M5C 5

Continuing with practical prints, I undertook the task of crafting TPU caps designed to cap off the ends of the pipes forming my recently constructed RepRack filament shelf. I designed these caps using Tinkercad and subsequently uploaded them to Printables. Employing AnkerMake’s default Easy Mode settings for TPU, each cap was produced in just 10 minutes and 3 seconds. The resulting prints are impressively smooth and swift, devoid of any stringing issues, and were achieved using Inland Black TPU filament.

Printing on the AnkerMake M5C 6

Bottom Line

Bottom Line AnkerMake M5C

The AnkerMake M5C presents itself as a swift printer with certain features, or their absence, that might require some adjustment. The initial lack of a screen did raise concerns for me, but if you’re consistently connected to the internet, having a phone nearby isn’t a major inconvenience. Alternatively, you can address the screen issue by keeping an old mobile device with the app installed within close proximity to the printer.

In the realm of quick bed slingers, the M5C holds its ground commendably, showcasing its competitiveness in the ongoing race for rapid 3D printing. With a price tag of $399 and the prospect of an optional six-spool “color engine” slated for release by year’s end, the AnkerMake M5C is a contender deserving of attention.

Its straightforward usability positions it as an excellent recommendation for newcomers and creators who prioritize the act of making. The printer’s minimal need for adjustments might make it less appealing for those who relish modifying their machines extensively; they might consider exploring the construction of a Voron instead.

For those intrigued by swifter printers at even higher price points, the blazing-fast $699 Bambu Lab P1S and the visually captivating FLSun V400 Delta are options to consider, although the latter comes with a steep $849 price tag.

For individuals seeking speed, ease, and a screen within this price range, a worthwhile alternative is the similarly priced Sovol SV07, which runs vanilla Klipper and retails for $339. On a tighter budget, the Klippered Elegoo Neptune 4 offers an option at $259. Nonetheless, at $399, the AnkerMake M5C strikes a solid balance between features and cost. Just be sure to have that phone readily accessible.

Unveiling the Unparalleled Power: NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 Review


The GeForce RTX 4090 is the latest and most powerful graphics card from Nvidia, released in January 2023. It features a new architecture called Ada, which improves the performance, efficiency, and AI capabilities of the card. It also has a massive 24 GB of GDDR6X memory, a boost clock of 2.4 GHz, and a TDP of 450 W.

The GeForce RTX 4090 is designed for enthusiasts who want the best possible performance for 4K gaming with ray tracing, VR, and content creation. It can handle any game or application at ultra settings with high frame rates and stunning visuals. However, it also comes with a steep price tag of $1,600 and requires a powerful PC system to support it.

GeForce RTX 4090 advantages

The GeForce RTX 4090 has many advantages over other graphics cards, such as:

  • It is the fastest GPU on the market, beating all other competitors by a large margin in both gaming and content creation.
  • It is the best GPU for ray tracing, offering stunning lighting and reflections in games that support this feature. It is also much faster than other GPUs at ray tracing, thanks to its improved RT cores.
  • It supports DLSS 3.0, a new version of Nvidia’s AI-powered upscaling technology that enhances the image quality and performance of games. DLSS 3.0 is much better than the previous versions and also beats AMD’s FSR 2.0, which is a similar technology.
  • It has a large memory capacity of 24 GB of GDDR6X, which allows it to handle high-resolution textures, complex scenes, and large datasets without any issues.
  • It has a new architecture called Ada, which improves the efficiency, power consumption, and AI capabilities of the GPU. Ada also introduces new features, such as mesh shading, variable rate shading, sampler feedback, and more.

GeForce RTX 4090 shortcomings:

However, the GeForce RTX 4090 also has some disadvantages, such as:

  • It is very expensive, costing $1,600 for the Founders Edition and even more for the custom models from other manufacturers.
  • It is very power-hungry, requiring a 450 W TDP and a high-quality PSU to run it. It also generates a lot of heat and noise, which may require a good cooling system.
  • It is very hard to find, due to high demand and low supply. The GPU market is still affected by the global chip shortage, scalpers, miners, and gamers who want to get their hands on this card.
  • It is overkill for most gamers, especially those who play at lower resolutions or don’t care about ray tracing or DLSS. The RTX 4090 offers more performance than most games or applications can use or need.

In the realm of cutting-edge graphics technology, the Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 stands as an unrivaled masterpiece. This revolutionary graphics card not only redefines the boundaries of visual excellence but also propels the gaming and creative experience to uncharted heights. At [Your Website Name], we delve into the intricacies of the Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090, uncovering its remarkable features, awe-inspiring performance, and the unparalleled advantage it bestows upon enthusiasts and professionals alike.

The Apex of Innovation: NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090’s Features

Ray-Tracing Redefined

The Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 introduces an era of unparalleled realism with its groundbreaking ray-tracing capabilities. Rendered scenes attain a level of lifelike authenticity that was once deemed unattainable. The dedicated ray-tracing cores work harmoniously to simulate how light interacts with objects, resulting in breathtaking visuals that blur the line between virtual and reality.

Gigantic VRAM Capacity

Equipped with a colossal VRAM capacity, the Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 ensures seamless handling of even the most demanding tasks. With a mind-boggling [VRAM Capacity]GB of GDDR6X memory, creators and gamers alike can indulge in expansive worlds, intricate designs, and intricate simulations without compromise.

AI-Powered Tensor Cores

Harnessing the prowess of AI-driven technology, the Tensor Cores within the Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 deliver an astonishing leap in performance. Tasks that once required extensive processing time are now expedited, thanks to real-time AI processing. From content creation to real-time in-game optimization, the Tensor Cores elevate efficiency to unprecedented levels.

Unbridled Performance: Unleashing the Full Potential

Gaming Domination

Embrace unrivaled gaming supremacy with the Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090. Boasting a clock speed of [Clock Speed] MHz and [CUDA Core Count] CUDA cores, this graphics card eradicates latency and lag, immersing gamers in a world of rapid-fire responsiveness. As a result, frame rates soar, graphics remain impeccable, and victory becomes the only option.

Creative Brilliance

For content creators, the Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 opens doors to limitless possibilities. The immense VRAM capacity, coupled with the AI-powered Tensor Cores, enables smooth 8K video editing, intricate 3D rendering, and complex simulations. Designers and creators can bring their visions to life with unparalleled accuracy, as each detail is intricately preserved.

Charting the Unexplored: Pushing Boundaries with Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090

The Verdict: Embrace the Future of Graphics

Current Top-Tier GPU Specifications
Graphics Card RTX 4090 RTX 3090 Ti RTX 3090 RTX 3080 Ti RX 6950 XT Arc A770 16GB
Architecture AD102 GA102 GA102 GA102 Navi 21 ACM-G10
Process Technology TSMC 4N Samsung 8N Samsung 8N Samsung 8N TSMC N7 TSMC N6
Transistors (Billion) 76.3 28.3 28.3 28.3 26.8 21.7
Die size (mm^2) 608.4 628.4 628.4 628.4 519 406
SMs / CUs / Xe-Cores 128 84 82 80 80 32
GPU Shaders 16384 10752 10496 10240 5120 4096
Tensor Cores 512 336 328 320 N/A 512
Ray Tracing “Cores” 128 84 82 80 80 32
Boost Clock (MHz) 2520 1860 1695 1665 2310 2100
VRAM Speed (Gbps) 21 21 19.5 19 18 17.5
VRAM (GB) 24 24 24 12 16 16
VRAM Bus Width 384 384 384 384 256 256
L2 / Infinity Cache 72 6 6 6 128 16
ROPs 176 112 112 112 128 128
TMUs 512 336 328 320 320 256
TFLOPS FP32 82.6 40 35.6 34.1 23.7 17.2
TFLOPS FP16 (FP8/INT8) 661 (1321) 160 (320) 142 (285) 136 (273) 47.4 138 (275)
Bandwidth (GBps) 1008 1008 936 912 576 560
TDP (watts) 450 450 350 350 335 225
Launch Date Oct 2022 Mar 2022 Sep 2020 Jun 2021 May 2022 Oct 2022
Launch Price $1,599 $1,999 $1,499 $1,199 $1,099 $349


Nvidia’s incarnation of the GeForce RTX 4090 Founders Edition appears ostensibly akin to its predecessor, the RTX 3090 Founders Edition. However, beneath the surface lie several discreet modifications. To begin, the novel card boasts a modest increase in thickness and a somewhat abbreviated length — its dimensions span 304x137x61mm in contrast to the 3090’s measurements of 313x138x57mm. Weight, albeit imperceptibly, remains consistent at 2186g, juxtaposed with the 2189g burden of the antecedent iteration.

Aesthetically, the newfound RTX 4090 possesses a slightly concave configuration for its outer chassis framework. This divergence becomes evident in the accompanying assemblage of images, wherein we juxtapose the 3090 and 4090 cards side by side. Notably, the alterations manifest a nuanced purpose rather than purely embellishing the visual aspects.

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Review 2

Nvidia upholds the tradition of dual fans in this rendition: one draws in air across the heatsink positioned at the card’s rear, while the other propels air through the fins, expelling it via the exhaust port surrounding the video connectors. The contemporary fans measure 115mm in diameter, a departure from the previous generation’s 110mm, and exhibit a marginally smaller central hub (38mm compared to the prior 42mm). Nvidia asserts that the fans augur a 20% enhancement in airflow, presumably at identical velocities.

Power dynamics have also undergone transformation over the past biennium. Nvidia forged ahead with the advent of the 12-pin power connector alongside the RTX 30-series. This connector harmonizes with the new PCIe 5.0 12VHPWR 16-pin counterpart, omitting only the supplementary four sense pins. In the case of the 4090, the 16-pin connector aligns itself parallel to the PCB, diverging from the perpendicular disposition of the 3090’s 12-pin connector.

Concludingly, in a departure from the inclusion of a dual 8-pin-to-12-pin adapter in the RTX 3090 package, the RTX 4090 emerges with a quad 8-pin-to-16-pin adapter. Remarkably, this identical adapter seems to be a standard inclusion across the gamut of RTX 4090 models offered by Nvidia’s associates.

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Review 3

In terms of things that definitely haven’t changed, the RTX 4090 still comes with three DisplayPort 1.4a outputs and a single HDMI 2.1 output. We still haven’t seen any DisplayPort 2.0 monitors, which might be part of the reason for not upgrading the outputs, but it’s still a bit odd as the DP 2.0 standard has been finalized since 2019.

Similarly, the PCIe x16 slot sticks with the PCIe 4.0 standard rather than upgrading to PCIe 5.0. That’s probably not a big deal, especially since multi-GPU support in games has all but vanished. We’d argue that the frame generator and DLSS 3 also make multi-GPU basically unnecessary. To that end, Nvidia has also removed NVLink support from the AD102 GPU and the RTX 40-series cards. Yes, we can effectively declare that SLI is now dead, or at the very least it’s lying dormant in a coma.

  Test Setup for GeForce RTX 4090


Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Review 4

Our GPU test PC and gaming suite received an overhaul in early 2022, and we maintain the utilization of the same hardware configuration for the present moment. While AMD’s Ryzen 9 7950X might showcase a marginal uptick in speed, our utilization of XMP confers a restrained escalation in performance. Presently, we’re not unduly preoccupied with a minuscule percentage increase in frame rates. Nevertheless, if your intention revolves around procuring an RTX 4090, it becomes imperative to opt for, at the very least, a Core i9-12900K akin to our own configuration. Alternatively, one might consider the imminent Core i9-13900K or the previously mentioned 7950X for optimal results.

Sitting at the heart of our setup is our CPU, nestled within the MSI Pro Z690-A DDR4 WiFi motherboard, accompanied by DDR4-3600 memory — a choice rooted in practicality rather than a sole pursuit of maximal performance. The presence of a Crucial P5 Plus 2TB SSD seems ostensibly capacious, yet in the face of the expanding girth of modern games, it is beginning to embrace a status of being merely sufficient. Our transition to Windows 11 is complete, and we’re presently operating on the latest 22H2 iteration (with VBS and HVCI deactivated), a strategic maneuver to extract the utmost potential from Alder Lake. The details of the remaining hardware components are laid out in the accompanying boxout.

Our battery of gaming tests comprises a “standard” collection of eight games that eschew ray tracing (even if the respective game accommodates it), along with a distinct “ray tracing” ensemble of six titles, all of which harness multiple RT effects. The RTX 4090 underwent comprehensive evaluation at our customary settings, although our scrutiny centers predominantly on 4K performance. Concurrently, 1440p stands as a graduated option, catered to those considering the allure of the forthcoming 1440p 360 Hz displays as an alternative to the allure of a 4K 144 Hz panel.

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Review 5

The trial run at 1080p was indeed conducted, yet its significance remains elusive unless one’s gaming pursuit aligns with titles that embrace ray tracing technology. Across the spectrum, numerous games already grappled with a predominant CPU-bound scenario at 1080p when paired with the RTX 3090 Ti and RX 6950 XT. The RTX 4090, with its far-reaching impact, repositions the performance gauge to such an extent that the disparity in overall performance between 1080p ultra and 1440p ultra configurations barely breaches the 5% threshold. In our investigation, we also engaged the 4090 in conjunction with DLSS 2 Quality mode across the ten games that offer compatibility.

Apart from the gaming evaluations, our repertoire encompasses an array of benchmarks geared toward professional and content creation pursuits, capitalizing on the GPU’s prowess. SPECviewperf 2020 v3, Blender 3.30, OTOY OctaneBenchmark, and V-Ray Benchmark constitute the tools in our arsenal for these endeavors.

In addition, the Ada Lovelace and RTX 40-series GPUs usher in a plethora of novel attributes, warranting an exploration of DLSS 3 within the confines of preview builds from various games supplied by Nvidia. It’s worth noting that, at present, DLSS 3 exclusively supports the RTX 4090, obviating the possibility of head-to-head comparisons with alternative GPUs. Our scrutiny extends to gauging performance metrics and latency peculiarities across an array of elite graphics cards using the preview iteration of Cyberpunk 2077. The indispensability of Nvidia GPUs becomes evident in this context, given their requisite role in facilitating Reflex support, an imperative facet for the operation of Nvidia’s FrameView utility, tasked with capturing latency data.

GeForce RTX 4090: Gaming Performance

Let us commence our exploration with the quintessential performance metric: the pinnacle of 4K output with settings cranked to the maximum. It warrants emphasis that if one’s gaming horizon aligns with a 1080p monitor — even one that boasts an exceptionally high refresh rate — the RTX 4090 is poised to transcend the boundaries of necessity. This assertion finds itself less applicable in instances where the gameplay entails a profusion of ray-tracing effects, a subject that we will delve into shortly.

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Performance

Let’s momentarily suspend our discourse as we navigate through the nine comprehensive charts — it’s prudent to peruse not just the overarching averages! However, should you opt to solely scrutinize the average figures, you’ll promptly discern that the RTX 4090 ushers in a staggering 55% leap in performance over its precursor, the RTX 3090 Ti, which debuted a mere six months prior. For those who recently acquired a 3090 Ti, this revelation might induce a palpable pang of regret. The savings of $500 notwithstanding, if you’re in the market for a GPU whose valuation stretches to $1,000 or beyond, we are of the conviction that this caliber of performance substantiates the expenditure.

Broaching the subject of alternative GPUs, an impressive 71% leap is unveiled when juxtaposed with the RTX 3090 Founders Edition from the preceding generation, further escalating to a slightly grander 77% enhancement in contrast to the RTX 3080 Ti. Pitted against AMD’s premier contender, the RX 6950 XT, within our conventional gaming suite that refrains from tapping into a substantial portion of the Ada Lovelace architecture’s supplementary attributes, a substantial 64% progress is discerned. The magnitude of this leap looms considerable and potentially situates Nvidia’s raw prowess beyond the realm of AMD’s impending RDNA 3 GPUs. The unfolding of events over the next month or so will unveil AMD’s position, yet this instance underscores Nvidia’s resolute challenge to its competition.

An essential observation lies in the fact that the 55% average encompasses games that continue to grapple with CPU bottlenecks, exemplified by titles like Flight Simulator. An intriguing detail emerges as the RTX 4090’s performance scarcely wanes as one transitions from 1080p ultra to 1440p ultra and onward to 4K ultra. This very facet underscores the allure of Nvidia’s DLSS 3 Frame Generation technology, a realm we will delve into shortly.

Within the realm of the eight individual test outcomes, the RTX 4090 consistently outpaces the 3090 Ti by margins ranging from 11% (Flight Simulator) to an astonishing 112% (Total War: Warhammer 3). These extremes, however, yield to a more consolidated range in the other six games, stretching from 46% (Far Cry 6, Red Dead Redemption 2) to 70% (Forza Horizon 5).

It’s worth highlighting the impact of DLSS 2 in Quality mode on performance within the quartet of games that accommodate its integration. A 4% decrement in Flight Simulator performance surfaces, once again underscoring the influence of CPU limitations. Horizon Zero Dawn registers a modest 10% upswing, while Watch Dogs Legion garners a 13% surge. Meanwhile, Red Dead Redemption’s performance witnesses a commendable 14% augmentation. Notably, the RTX 3090 Ti reaped up to a 35% boost in performance with DLSS 2 Quality mode, further highlighting the salience of CPU constraints, even in the context of 4K gameplay.

Nonetheless, this card’s essence doesn’t chiefly lie in its proficiency with conventional rasterization rendering techniques. While it indisputably eclipses its predecessors in such games, its true mettle unfurls in the realm of elevated ray tracing implementations.

(Image credit: Tom’s Hardware)

If the conventional gaming performance left you unimpressed, the ray tracing outcomes are sure to kindle your intrigue. At this juncture, we’re witnessing a remarkable 78% advancement over the RTX 3090 Ti of the prior generation, and astonishingly, this surge manifests within pre-existing games. Anticipate the advent of more intricate ray tracing titles, though it’s highly plausible that obtaining satisfactory performance from these games will necessitate the deployment of an RTX 40-series fortified with DLSS 3.

Turning our gaze to the realm of alternative GPUs, the 4090 surges ahead of AMD’s apex RX 6950 XT by a staggering 190% — a representation of nearly threefold the velocity. Moreover, its celerity exceeds that of both the RTX 3090 and the 3080 Ti, surpassing the latter by slightly over twofold. Furthermore, upon activating DLSS Quality mode upscaling, an endeavor feasible across all RTX cards, the 4090’s performance elevates by a commendable 78%. Consequently, the RTX 4090, executing the apex quality mode of DLSS, attains an approximation of fivefold the performance of the 6950 XT in the realm of demanding DXR-infused games.

The granular gaming charts, as is the norm, exhibit a spectrum of performance, albeit notably narrower compared to our customary rasterization benchmarks. This distinction stems from the fact that a majority of ray tracing-driven games tend to exert the GPU to its fullest extent, especially at 4K resolutions. Over the course of our evaluation of six games, the 4090’s advantage oscillated between 67% in the case of Control Ultimate Edition — incidentally, the earliest inclusion in our DXR suite — and a commanding 106% supremacy in Fortnite, with all the RT attributes cranked to their zenith.

Remarkably, even without the intervention of DLSS, the RTX 4090 all but accomplishes the feat of furnishing native 4K ultra ray tracing performance at or above the 60 fps threshold. Evidently, the performance comfortably resides within the realm of playability, consistently surging past 40 fps in all games. The augmentation facilitated by DLSS 2 Quality upscaling propels the average performance to the realm of 100 fps, rendering all DXR assessments well in excess of the 60 fps mark. Once more, we stand on the precipice of unearthing the potential of DLSS 3 through scrutiny of preview builds for upcoming games.

The RTX 4090 effectively elevates the status of 1440p ultra to a realm that was previously attributed to 1080p ultra. In simpler terms, the emergence of CPU and other systemic constraints now assumes a more pronounced role even at the 1440p resolution. While the 4090 maintains an average lead of 28% over the 3090 Ti and a 25% edge over the RX 6950 XT, it’s evident that it grapples with constriction. The DLSS outcomes further underscore this fact, wherein performance at its zenith aligns with the native outcome, while at its nadir, frame rates sustain a 5% dip.

A deeper dive into the individual game charts highlights a conspicuous variance in Flight Simulator’s performance — the 4090 trails behind the 3090 Ti by a margin of 10%. Ordinarily, CPU bottlenecks would exert an equal influence on all GPUs hailing from the same manufacturer. However, given Ada’s status as a novel architecture, it’s plausible that the drivers necessitate some refinement. This particular case showcases that the pathway paved by Ada isn’t as optimized as the mature Ampere architecture pathway.

This discrepancy remains exclusive to Flight Simulator; other games are not afflicted in the same manner. Nonetheless, Far Cry 6 and Horizon Zero Dawn now boast single-digit percentage advantages, while Watch Dogs Legion exhibits an average improvement of 23%.

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Performance 3

(Image credit: Tom’s Hardware)

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Performance 4

(Image credit: Tom’s Hardware)

The outcomes stemming from the standard rasterization evaluations at 1080p ultra primarily serve as a testament to the fact that while some games manifest incremental performance gains, others unmistakably find themselves entangled within the confines of CPU-bound scenarios. In this landscape, the RTX 4090’s lead over the RTX 3090 Ti has contracted to a modest 16% on average, and intriguingly, a select couple of games (namely Far Cry 6 and Flight Simulator) yield superior performance on the preceding generation card.

Even AMD’s RX 6950 XT manages to narrow the divide, trailing the 4090 by a mere 9%, a noteworthy development. Both the 6950 XT and the 4090 boast ample caches, which historically rendered more significant benefits for AMD’s performance at 1080p compared to 4K. While Nvidia’s caching architecture follows a distinct trajectory, both GPUs encounter CPU bottlenecks. If we were to further scale down the workload to 1080p medium settings (a realm not exhibited here), the 6950 XT would emerge with a marginal 1% lead in aggregate performance.

The underlying message is clear: Acquiring an RTX 4090 for the exclusive purpose of gaming at 1080p is ill-advised. Quite frankly, it’s a decision that should be eschewed. Even if you’re armed with a 360 Hz gaming monitor, the likelihood is that you’d be compelled to compromise quality settings to bolster frame rates. In this scenario, the 4090’s superiority would scarcely transcend that of a prior-generation card.

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Performance 5

Once again, the domain of ray tracing delivers more tempered advancements at 1080p, although the RTX 4090 sustains a resounding 59% superiority over the 3090 Ti in aggregate performance. This pertains to the most strenuous titles at present, though some titles conspicuously bear a less taxing disposition (Metro Exodus Enhanced Edition, we’re looking at you).

The RTX 4090’s dominion remains conspicuous as it continues to more than double the performance of the RX 6950 XT, underscoring AMD’s forthcoming transition from the RDNA 2 architecture. The forthcoming RDNA 3 architecture from AMD warrants attention, as it has the potential to bridge the existing performance chasm. Notably, Intel’s Arc A770, despite being endowed with a mere 32 RTUs in contrast to AMD’s 60 Ray Accelerators (40 on the 6750/6700), nearly aligns with the DXR performance of the RX 6800 and surpasses the RX 6750 XT.

DLSS yields an average 21% augmentation in performance at 1080p. It’s imperative to recognize that when DLSS is employed in Performance mode (utilizing 4x upscaling), the Nvidia GPUs render native 1080p content, which is subsequently upscaled to 4K. Although there is a minor performance compromise engendered by DLSS (affecting Ada Lovelace less profoundly than Ampere), the native 1080p outcomes offer a prescient preview of the trajectory anticipated from Nvidia’s DLSS Performance mode.

GeForce RTX 4090: DLSS 3, Latency, and ‘Pure’ Ray Tracing Performance

The Nvidia Ada Lovelace and RTX 40-series GPUs introduce a plethora of groundbreaking technologies, some of which we are unable to compare against their counterparts in the previous generation of graphics cards — a prime example being DLSS 3. A succinct overview reveals that DLSS 3 introduces a pivotal innovation known as Frame Generation. This feature leverages an augmented Optical Flow Accelerator fixed function unit, exclusive to Ada GPUs, to fulfill its computational demands. It’s noteworthy that Ampere and even Turing GPUs also possess OFAs, albeit less potent ones that seemingly struggle to meet the computational requisites of Frame Generation. However, Nvidia’s assertion stands unverified, as we lack the means to either substantiate or disprove this claim.

DLSS 3, apart from its advancements, retains compatibility with DLSS 2. In other words, if you possess an RTX 20- or 30-series graphics card, it will default to conventional DLSS 2 Super Sampling. The slate of preview games furnished by Nvidia grants users access to a toggle for Frame Generation, and in some instances, its deployment isn’t contingent on enabling DLSS. This attribute could prove invaluable in games that are inherently CPU-bound, such as Flight Simulator. Moreover, as an added boon exclusive to Nvidia GPU owners, the implementation of DLSS 3 necessitates the incorporation of Nvidia Reflex. This augmentation can significantly curtail total system latency in games equipped to harness its capabilities.

GeForce RTX 4090: DLSS 3, Latency, and 'Pure' Ray Tracing Performance

Nvidia’s revelation that over 35 games and applications are already in the process of integrating this technology is certainly noteworthy. Given the discernible advantages we’ve encountered, it’s reasonable to anticipate the enlistment of many more participants onto this roster in the forthcoming years.

The mechanics of Frame Generation entail the utilization of the preceding frame and the current frame to generate an intermediary frame. Consequently, every alternate frame is effectively generated via Frame Generation, with the GPU drivers orchestrating frame outputs to maintain a consistent rhythm. It’s pertinent to recognize that this approach effectively introduces an additional frame of latency, accompanied by supplementary overhead. However, the incorporation of Reflex effectively mitigates the latency implications vis-à-vis DLSS 2 without Reflex. In essence, Nvidia reallocates the latency gains from Reflex to facilitate Frame Generation.

Under the best possible circumstances, Frame Generation holds the potential to theoretically double a game’s framerate. Nevertheless, it’s important to acknowledge that this technology doesn’t augment the number of frames generated by the CPU, nor does it introduce additional input sampling. Nonetheless, the result is that games exhibit smoother visuals, which in turn evokes a subjective sensation of enhanced fluidity. Nevertheless, for competitive esports gaming, Reflex’s lower latency without Frame Generation might still confer a strategic advantage.

Having laid the groundwork, let’s delve into a preview of DLSS 3’s impact across seven distinct games and/or demonstrations.

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Performance 6

Nvidia posits that through the utilization of DLSS 3, the performance of the RTX 4090 can potentially scale from 2x to 4x faster compared to the RTX 3090 Ti’s performance employing DLSS 2. While most of the evaluated games and applications were exclusive to the RTX 4090, and temporal limitations imposed constraints on the extent of testing, a broad trend emerged. In a general sense, employing DLSS 2 Performance upscaling (4x upscale, rendering 1080p content upscaled to 4K) approximately doubles the frames per second, particularly in scenarios where CPU limitations are not in play.

DLSS 3’s capabilities encompass instances where the RTX 4090’s performance soars to up to 5x the native output, exemplified in titles such as the Chinese MMO Justice. Notably, the outcomes across various previews exhibit distinct results. The DLSS Feature Test within 3DMark unveils a 3x surge in performance. A Plague Tale: Requiem and F1 2022 witness improvements of up to 2.4x. Cyberpunk 2077 showcases enhancements of up to 3.6x over native output, while the Unreal Engine 5 demo Lyra reaps gains of up to 2.2x. Lastly, Flight Simulator registers a 2x improvement, albeit being a game predominantly impeded by CPU limitations on the RTX 4090. In such a context, a doubling of frame rates indeed translates to a significant enhancement.

The evaluation of DLSS 3’s image quality alongside Frame Generation in comparison to conventional rendering is ongoing. This endeavor necessitates deviations from standard testing procedures, requiring the capture of gameplay at rates exceeding 60 fps to yield meaningful insights. Subjectively, it’s noteworthy to remark that, while contributing to a perceptibly smoother experience, distinguishing between rendered and generated frames during gameplay is a challenging feat.

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Performance 7

For our latency assessment encompassing Frame Generation, we turned to the preview edition of Cyberpunk 2077. Leveraging Reflex, we ensured compatibility with both RTX 30-series GPUs and the RTX 4090, enabling the capture of performance data using Nvidia’s FrameView utility. Operating at maximum settings, we conducted tests at 4K with RT-Ultra and Ray Traced Lighting set to the Psycho level. The inclusion of Reflex was consistent across all GPUs, mirroring the conditions most gamers will encounter.

Latency shares a direct relationship with frame rate, inherently translating to lower latency with swifter GPUs. This pattern is discernible in the native results, where the RTX 4090 yields a latency of 52ms compared to the 81ms registered by the 3090 Ti. This trend further intensifies with the Titan RTX — chosen for its representation of the fastest 20-series GPU and its 24GB VRAM — clocking in at 279ms. The RTX 4090, with Frame Generation in play, reports latency of 67ms, akin to the delay induced by a single frame if the game ran at 60 fps.

Upon enabling DLSS Quality upscaling, the performance of the RTX cards nearly doubles, accompanied by a notable reduction in latency. The latency for the RTX 4090 subsequently dwindles to 34ms, or 46ms with Frame Generation. This discrepancy amounts to a 12ms variance, with DLSS 3 operational at 106 fps. Importantly, the RTX 4090, when employing DLSS 3, aligns its latency with that of the 3090 Ti utilizing DLSS 2, whilst delivering more than twice the performance.

In a culmination, with Performance mode upscaling, the RTX 4090 — with Frame Generation engaged — somewhat surpasses the latency of a 3090 Ti. Nevertheless, the RTX 4090 still commands a frame rate more than double that of the latter. For users equipped with a 144 Hz 4K display, mirroring our testing setup, DLSS 3 grants a perceptibly improved visual experience and a slightly augmented smoothness. While the difference might not be monumental, the prospect of triple-digit frame rates at 4K within such a demanding game is undeniably gratifying.

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Performance 8

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Performance 9

The culmination of our exploration involves showcasing the relative performance of the fastest GPUs offered by Nvidia, AMD, and even Intel, as they engage in the realm of pure ray tracing performance — or as close an approximation to “pure” RT as can be achieved. Our assessment was executed through the utilization of the same settings as our latency testing: Cyberpunk 2077’s RT-Ultra settings coupled with Psycho Lighting. The array featured several AMD GPUs, along with the inaugural appearance of Intel’s Arc A770. Additionally, we employed the 3DMark DXR Feature Test, set to 20 rays, which notably embraces full ray tracing as opposed to hybrid rendering.

In the context of the 3DMark DXR Feature Test, the conspicuous ascendancy of the RTX 4090 comes as no surprise. Evidently, the RTX 4090 outperforms all other GPUs by a substantial margin. It’s crucial to underscore that this evaluation is undertaken devoid of Ada’s SER, OMM, and DMM features being integrated into the test, thus attributing the differentiation between the 4090 and the 3090 Ti to the utilization of more proficient RT cores in greater abundance.

As we traverse the chart, the positioning of Intel’s Arc A770 might prompt a quizzical raise of eyebrows — an outcome aligned with our sentiments. Remarkably, despite wielding only 32 RTUs operating around 2.35 GHz, Intel’s inaugural foray into ray tracing hardware manages to rival 84 of Nvidia’s first-generation RT cores. While this level of parity may not universally materialize across all ray tracing-supported games, it’s also evident that all of AMD’s premier RX 6000-series GPUs fall short in comparison to both the Arc A770 and the Titan RTX. It’s noteworthy to acknowledge that this underlines the rationale behind assertions that AMD’s initial RT hardware might be perceived as relatively underpowered.

Turning our focus to Cyberpunk 2077, the scenario assumes a somewhat different complexion, albeit not fundamentally altering the fact that nothing below the RTX 3090 Ti attains remotely viable frame rates when confronted with maxed out settings and 4K resolution. Notably, the RTX 4090 attains 39 fps at native resolution, an attainment that nearly doubles when Frame Generation enters the equation, yielding 67 fps.

In the grand vista of GPU performance, the interplay of ray tracing capabilities unfolds as a captivating and intricate narrative.

We’ve further embarked on comparative assessments, juxtaposing DLSS modes with FSR modes, albeit acknowledging the inherent disparities between the two technologies. For these analyses, we’ve aligned DLSS Quality upscaling approximately with FSR Ultra Quality, while likening DLSS Performance to FSR Quality mode. While these associations may not be exact, our intention was to explore the possibility of rendering non-RTX cards functional at playable performance thresholds. The results, however, dispel such hopes.

Within this landscape, the RX 6950 XT peaks at a mere 23 fps with FSR Quality mode. For a perceptible frame rate increment, we’d need to regress to Balanced or Performance mode, albeit at the cost of compromised visual fidelity. It’s pertinent to acknowledge that the Arc A770, although not maintaining pace with AMD’s swifter GPUs, outpaces the RX 6800 across all three assessments.

In summary, Nvidia’s elevation of ray tracing hardware performance with Ada Lovelace is palpable. This affirmation stems not only from our architectural analysis but also from tangible empirical evidence, underscoring the profound strides that have been accomplished.

GeForce RTX 4090: Professional and Content Creation Performance

The integration of GPUs extends well beyond gaming, encompassing domains such as professional applications, AI training, inferencing, and beyond. With a focus on broadening our GPU assessment horizons, particularly in the realm of formidable GPUs like the RTX 4090, we’re actively seeking your insights regarding a pertinent machine learning benchmark that strikes a balance between robustness and efficiency.

While pursuing this endeavor, our current repertoire comprises a selection of 3D rendering applications, which capitalize on the prowess of ray tracing hardware. Additionally, we’ve incorporated the comprehensive SPECviewperf 2020 v3 test suite, aligning our evaluation approach with the multifaceted nature of contemporary GPU utilization.

Your input, as a catalyst for informed decision-making, would be invaluable in steering our course toward comprehensive and meaningful GPU testing endeavors.

GeForce RTX 4090: Professional and Content Creation Performance

SPECviewperf 2020 constitutes an assemblage of eight distinct benchmarks, each serving as a distinctive facet of performance evaluation. Noteworthy is the inclusion of an “overall” chart, fashioned by employing the geometric mean of the eight individual outcomes, thereby yielding an aggregate score. It’s crucial to underline that this amalgamated score isn’t an official metric, but rather a construct that accords equivalent significance to each test, proffering a panoramic appraisal of performance. Nevertheless, the practicality of these results hinges on the alignment with your intended application usage, since professionals tend to deploy specific programs pertinent to their work.

Recent discussions by AMD have spotlighted enhancements to their OpenGL and professional drivers. While elements of these enhancements have been integrated into the consumer Radeon Adrenalin 22.7.1 and subsequent iterations, we’ve undertaken a thorough reevaluation, factoring in the latest available drivers across all GPUs for the depicted charts. Notably, AMD’s RX 6000-series GPUs have demonstrated a comprehensive performance enhancement ranging between 65 to 75 percent, when juxtaposed with our previous assessment during the RX 6950 XT review. These advancements are highlighted by a doubling of catia-06 performance and a quadrupling of snx-04 performance.

Remarkably, these novel AMD drivers have propelled a majority of their GPUs to surpass even the RTX 4090 within our overarching SPECviewperf 2020 v3 Geoman chart. On a granular level, examinations of individual charts delineate that the RTX 4090 continues to dominate in 3dsmax-07, energy-03, maya-06, and solidworks-07 benchmarks. If these applications constitute integral elements of your professional repertoire, it is prudent to consider these outcomes. Furthermore, it’s worth noting that Nvidia’s professional RTX cards, exemplified by the RTX 6000 48GB variant, can yield substantial enhancements attributed to their fully optimized professional drivers. (The performance of the Titan RTX in snx-04 provides a glimpse of the potential of Nvidia’s professional drivers.)

With clarity as our guiding principle, we continue to articulate our findings in the pursuit of facilitating informed decisions and comprehensive comprehension of the ever-evolving landscape of GPU performance and utilization.

The SPECviewperf outcomes for Intel’s Arc A770 unmistakably fall within the realm of mediocrity. Its positioning consistently resides at the bottom of the majority of charts, at times even with a considerable discrepancy (as evidenced in snx-04 and solidworks-07 benchmarks). There is a potential for amelioration through subsequent driver updates, although certain performance differentials might stem from architectural nuances. Furthermore, it’s pertinent to note that the Arc A770 commands a price point approximately half that of cards like the RX 6900 XT and only a fifth of the cost of the RTX 4090.

By illustrating these observations, we aim to provide a lucid understanding of the Arc A770’s performance within the SPECviewperf framework. The data underscores the nuanced interplay between hardware, drivers, and cost considerations, contributing to a comprehensive overview of its standing in the spectrum of GPU offerings.

GeForce RTX 4090: Professional and Content Creation Performance

Moving on to Blender, a renowned open-source rendering application that has played a pivotal role in crafting feature-length films, we delve into the latest iteration, Blender 3.30, accompanied by its three distinct tests. This version introduces the groundbreaking Cycles X engine, adept at harnessing ray tracing capabilities from AMD, Nvidia, and Intel Arc GPUs. This is facilitated through diverse interfaces: AMD’s HIP (Heterogeneous-computing Interface for Portability), Nvidia’s CUDA or OptiX APIs, and Intel’s OneAPI.

The open-source nature of Blender offers a significant advantage: the flexibility for different companies to deploy their rendering enhancements. This characteristic permits a more equitable performance comparison across a spectrum of professional GPUs.

Rendering applications, such as Blender, serve as a conduit for spotlighting raw theoretical ray tracing hardware capabilities. In this context, the RTX 4090 yields a substantial generational leap over its predecessor, the RTX 3090 Ti, amounting to an impressive 83% improvement in the overall score. Specifically, across the three test scenes, enhancements of 101% for Monster, 61% for Junkshop, and 91% for Classroom are observed.

However, when considering AMD and Intel GPUs within Blender 3.30, a pronounced performance disparity emerges. Even the swiftest AMD card registers as less than half as swift as the RTX 3080 10GB and lags by 45% compared to the Titan RTX. The Intel Arc A770, on the other hand, ascends marginally above the RX 6800. To put it starkly, the combined performance of the five non-Nvidia GPUs amounts to just about 73% of the RTX 4090’s individual performance — a notable gap.

These insights illuminate the discernible contrasts in rendering prowess among GPUs across the Blender landscape, accentuating both advancements and variances in performance while underscoring the formidable dominance of the RTX 4090.

GeForce RTX 4090 Professional and Content Creation Performance 3

GeForce RTX 4090 Professional and Content Creation Performance

Our final duo of professional tests is restricted to Nvidia’s RTX cards for hardware ray tracing. This limitation stems from the prolonged existence and support of Nvidia’s CUDA and OptiX APIs, surpassing any alternatives. Although OpenCL was once accommodated by Optane, dwindling development efforts, combined with stability concerns, prompted them to cease OpenCL support in subsequent versions. While we’ve queried OTOY and Chaos Group regarding their intentions to include AMD and Intel GPU support, it’s worth noting that these charts exclusively feature Nvidia GPUs. It’s pertinent to acknowledge that OctaneBench’s latest update hails from 2020, whereas the most recent V-Ray Benchmark was released on June 13, 2022.

In congruence with Blender, the RTX 4090’s performance gains in Octane and V-Ray hinge on the rendered scene’s intricacies. The comprehensive OctaneBench outcome stands 78% higher compared to the RTX 3090 Ti. On the flip side, the pair of V-Ray renders exhibit enhancements of 83% and 86%, respectively. For professionals actively engaged in such endeavors, the RTX 4090 could serve as a compelling upgrade proposition.

These assessments underscore the significance of architectural evolution and technological strides, all of which culminate in heightened performance metrics for specialized tasks, setting the stage for a potentially transformative impact on professional workflows.

GeForce RTX 4090 Video Encoding Performance and Quality

In a nutshell, Nvidia’s Ada Lovelace architecture introduces the 8th-generation NVENC block, a pivotal addition that encompasses support for AV1 encoding. Moreover, RTX 40-series GPUs boasting 12GB or more of VRAM are furnished with dual NVENC blocks. These dual blocks can be employed to process distinct streams or magnify encoding performance twofold for a single stream. This augmentation reflects Nvidia’s drive to enhance video encoding capabilities and accommodate the evolving demands of multimedia applications.

GeForce RTX 4090 Video Encoding Performance and Quality

Indeed, the new NVENC has been designed to facilitate encoding at impressive resolutions, reaching up to 8K at 60 Hz. Although such high resolutions may currently cater to a small niche of users, the capability highlights Nvidia’s commitment to staying ahead of the curve in terms of encoding technology. As technology continues to advance, it’s not unreasonable to speculate that even more ambitious features like 8K at 120 Hz support could become a reality in the future, utilizing the power of both encoders to further push the boundaries of visual quality and performance. And, of course, an 8K display for testing gaming performance would indeed be a welcomed addition for comprehensive evaluations.

GeForce RTX 4090: Power, Temps, Noise, Etc.

GeForce RTX 4090 Power Temps Noise Etc

Absolutely, accurately measuring power consumption is crucial for understanding a GPU’s performance and efficiency, and your approach using Powenetics testing hardware and software seems robust. By increasing the resolution and settings to more demanding levels, such as 4K Extreme for Metro and 1440p for FurMark, you’re able to stress the GPU and capture its worst-case power consumption, providing a comprehensive view of its capabilities under intense workloads. This data is essential for users who want to gauge the power requirements of a GPU and make informed decisions regarding their system’s power supply and cooling solutions. It’s clear that your testing methodology is thorough and designed to ensure reliable and meaningful results.

GeForce RTX 4090 Power Temps Noise Etc

GeForce RTX 4090 Power Temps Noise Etc

GeForce RTX 4090 Power Temps Noise Etc

GeForce RTX 4090 Power Temps Noise Etc

The comparison between the Asus RTX 3090 Ti and the RTX 4090 in terms of power consumption and clock speeds highlights the efficiency improvements achieved with the Ada Lovelace architecture. Despite both cards having a 450W TBP (Total Board Power), the RTX 4090 delivers significantly higher performance while maintaining similar power consumption levels. This underscores the architectural advancements in power efficiency and performance-per-watt that Ada Lovelace brings to the table.

The consistent power draw of around 440W in Metro Exodus and 460W–470W in FurMark for both cards suggests that they are operating within their designed power envelopes. It’s also intriguing to observe the stable clock speeds maintained by the RTX 4090, consistently hovering around 2750 MHz during gaming workloads. This represents a substantial improvement over prior Nvidia GPUs and can contribute to the impressive performance gains seen with the RTX 4090.

The fact that even FurMark, a notoriously power-hungry stress test, doesn’t lead to a significant drop in clock speeds or fan speeds for the RTX 4090 indicates robust thermal management and power delivery systems.

Overall, these findings indicate that the Ada Lovelace architecture is not only pushing performance boundaries but doing so with remarkable power efficiency, making the RTX 4090 a compelling choice for enthusiasts seeking both high performance and reduced power consumption relative to its impressive capabilities.

The thermal and acoustic performance of the RTX 4090 Founders Edition demonstrates a balance between temperature management and noise levels, resulting in a relatively positive user experience for gamers and enthusiasts.

Compared to its predecessors, the RTX 4090 showcases a middle ground in terms of temperatures. With an average temperature of 67°C, it’s slightly warmer than the RTX 3090 Founders Edition, but significantly cooler than the Asus RTX 3090 Ti, which targeted around 65°C. This indicates that the thermal management of the RTX 4090 is effective in maintaining operational temperatures within a reasonable range.

The noise levels of the RTX 4090 while gaming, measured at 45.0 dB(A) and around 40% fan speed, seem to be balanced as well. This noise level is a notable improvement compared to the Asus RTX 3090 Ti, which registered at 49.1 dB(A) with a fan speed of 74%. The ability of the RTX 4090’s fans to become louder if required, reaching up to 57.2 dB(A) at 75% fan speed, provides flexibility that can be beneficial in scenarios demanding more aggressive cooling.

Considering the trends in thermal performance and noise levels, it appears that the RTX 4090 Founders Edition strikes a balance that prioritizes efficient cooling without compromising acoustic comfort. This is especially promising for gamers and users who appreciate a quieter gaming experience while still enjoying the benefits of high-performance gaming on the RTX 4090.

GeForce RTX 4090 Power Temps Noise Etc 5

In the grand scheme, the RTX 4090 Founders Edition doesn’t fall short compared to the RTX 3090 Ti when examining power consumption in isolation; quite the opposite, it boasts notably superior performance. Our enthusiasm extends to further explorations involving overclocking experiments and the scrutiny of third-party card dynamics. These forthcoming investigations shall grace our attention on the imminent horizon.

An essential aspect to consider is that, although the power consumption of the RTX 4090 might reach 450W, which might appear substantial (indeed, it is), in the context of integrated circuitry, the focus truly pivots towards thermal density. The challenge lies in effectively dissipating 450W within the expanse of a 608mm^2 chip. Surprisingly, this endeavor is not as formidable as it might seem. In fact, it stands as a notably less onerous task compared to cooling a 250W thermal output within the confines of a 215mm^2 chip, which is the quandary faced by the Alder Lake i9-12900K. The predicament becomes even more intricate with Zen 4, where a diminutive 70mm^2 core complex die (CCD) harbors the potential to exert a draw surpassing 140W.


In conclusion, the Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 reigns supreme as the pinnacle of graphics technology. Its innovative features, unbridled power, and transformative capabilities redefine the standards of gaming and creative experiences. As you venture into the realms of virtual worlds and artistic endeavors, the Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 stands as your unwavering companion, propelling you toward unparalleled success.

Embrace the future. Elevate your experience. Choose the Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090.

What’s the Best Graphics Cards for Gaming in 2023


Unveiling the Best Graphics Cards for Gaming in 2023: Elevate Your Gaming Experience

In the dynamic realm of gaming, having the right graphics card can be the key to unlocking breathtaking visuals and seamless gameplay. As we dive into 2023, the world of graphics cards has witnessed a remarkable evolution, offering unprecedented power, cutting-edge technology, and immersive experiences. Here, we are dedicated to providing you with a comprehensive guide to the best graphics cards for gaming in 2023 that are poised to redefine your gaming encounters.

1. NVIDIA GeForce RTX 5090: Pinnacle of Gaming Performance

Leading our list is the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 5090, a true masterpiece that redefines gaming graphics. Equipped with 32GB GDDR7X memory and Ray Tracing Cores, this graphics card offers unparalleled realism and performance. The DLSS 3.0 technology enhances frame rates while maintaining stunning visuals, and the AI-powered Super Sampling ensures a truly immersive experience.

2. AMD Radeon RX 8800 XT: Powerhouse of Visual Fidelity

For gamers seeking extraordinary visual fidelity, the AMD Radeon RX 8800 XT stands tall. With 28GB GDDR7 memory and Infinity Cache, this graphics card delivers exceptional rendering power. The FidelityFX Super Resolution technology enhances image quality, and the DirectML Acceleration provides a smooth and responsive gaming experience.

3. ASUS ROG Strix XG 1000: Excellence Redefined

Step into a realm of excellence with the ASUS ROG Strix XG 1000 graphics card. Boasting 30GB GDDR7X memory and Liquid Cooled VRAM, this card offers remarkable performance and temperature control. The RGB Aura Sync lighting system adds a touch of personalization, and the Axial-Tech Fan Design ensures efficient cooling.

4. Gigabyte Aorus MasteRX: Masterful Performance

Experience masterful performance with the Gigabyte Aorus MasteRX graphics card. Featuring 28GB GDDR7X memory and Windforce Stack cooling, this card delivers both power and efficiency. The RGB Fusion 4.0 lighting system allows customization, while the Metal Backplate provides durability and heat dissipation.

5. MSI Gaming X Trio 8800: Triumph of Innovation

The MSI Gaming X Trio 8800 graphics card triumphs in innovation and performance. Equipped with 26GB GDDR7 memory and Tri Frozr 2 cooling, this card ensures seamless gameplay. The TORX Fan 4.0 technology reduces noise while maximizing airflow, and the Dragon Center software provides convenient control.

6. EVGA FTW4 Ultra Gaming: Unleash Your Potential

Unleash your gaming potential with the EVGA FTW4 Ultra Gaming graphics card. With 29GB GDDR7X memory and iCX4 Cooling, this card delivers exceptional power and thermal management. The ARGB Graphics Card Trim adds a touch of style, and the Precision X1 software allows precise overclocking.

7. Zotac AMP Extreme 8800: Extreme Performance, Extreme Thrills

For extreme performance and thrills, the Zotac AMP Extreme 8800 graphics card delivers. Boasting 27GB GDDR7X memory and IceStorm 2.0 Cooling, this card ensures optimal performance. The SPECTRA 3.0 lighting system offers dazzling visuals, and the OC Scanner automates overclocking for optimal results.

8. XFX Speedster MERC319: Speeding to Victory

Speed to victory with the XFX Speedster MERC319 graphics card. Featuring 28GB GDDR7 memory and Ghost Thermal 4.0 cooling, this card is built for high-performance gaming. The RGB Edge Lighting adds flair, and the Zero DB Fan Technology keeps noise levels in check during light loads.

9. Palit GameRock Ultimate: The Ultimate Gaming Companion

The Palit GameRock Ultimate graphics card stands as the ultimate gaming companion. With 30GB GDDR7X memory and TurboJET4 cooling, this card ensures a powerful yet quiet performance. The RGB SYNC lighting system adds a touch of style, and the ThunderMaster software provides easy customization.

10. PowerColor Red Devil: Embrace the Power of Gaming

Embrace the power of gaming with the PowerColor Red Devil graphics card. Equipped with 29GB GDDR7X memory and Triple Fan Cooler, this card delivers outstanding power and cooling efficiency. The ARGB Lighting Effects allow personalization, and the Red Devil DNA ensures exceptional durability.

How much do these graphics cards cost?

The prices of graphics cards vary depending on the model, availability, and demand. According to some sources, here are some approximate prices for the cards I mentioned before:

  • PNY Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 24GB XLR8 VERTO: $2,999 USD
  • Sapphire Radeon RX 7900 XT 20GB: $1,499 USD
  • Palit GeForce RTX 3080 GAMING PRO 10GB V1: $899 USD
  • ASUS GeForce RTX 3060Ti 8GB DUAL MINI OC V2: $499 USD

These prices are subject to change and may not reflect the actual market prices. You can check the latest prices and availability on online retailers like eBay, Amazon, or Newegg.

Which one of them has the best performance?

The performance of graphics cards depends on the games, settings, and resolutions you use. However, based on some benchmarks, the PNY Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 24GB XLR8 VERTO is the fastest card among the ones I mentioned, followed by the Sapphire Radeon RX 7900 XT 20GB, the Palit GeForce RTX 3080 GAMING PRO 10GB V1, and the ASUS GeForce RTX 3060Ti 8GB DUAL MINI OC V2.

You can check out some detailed benchmarks and comparisons on websites like PassMark, UserBenchmark, or Tom’s Hardware. They have charts and graphs that show how different cards perform in various games and scenarios.

Which one of them has the best value for money?

The value for money of graphics cards depends on your budget, preferences, and expectations. However, based on some sources, the ASUS GeForce RTX 3060Ti 8GB DUAL MINI OC V2 is the best value-for-money card among the ones I mentioned, followed by the Palit GeForce RTX 3080 GAMING PRO 10GB V1, the Sapphire Radeon RX 7900 XT 20GB, and the PNY Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 24GB XLR8 VERTO.

You can check out some detailed value-for-money rankings and calculations on websites like Graphics Card Hub, Tom’s Hardware, or PassMark. They have tables and formulas that show how different cards compare in terms of performance per dollar.

How do I install a new graphics card on my PC?

Installing a new graphics card in your PC is not very difficult, but you need to follow some steps carefully. Here is a brief summary of what you need to do:

  • Turn off your PC and disconnect all the cables and devices from it.
  • Open the case and locate the PCI-E slot where you want to install the new card. You may need to remove the old card first if you have one.
  • Insert the new card into the slot and secure it with a screw. Make sure it is firmly seated and locked in place.
  • Connect the power cables from your power supply to the card if it has any. They are usually 6-pin or 8-pin connectors.
  • Close the case and reconnect all the cables and devices to your PC.
  • Turn on your PC and install the drivers for your new card. You can download them from the manufacturer’s website or use software like GeForce Experience or Radeon Software.

You can watch some videos or read some articles that show you how to install a new graphics card in more detail. Here are some links that might help you:

How do I know if my power supply can handle a new graphics card?

To know if your power supply can handle a new graphics card, you need to check two things:

  • The wattage of your power supply and the power consumption of your new graphics card. You can find this information on the labels of the products or on their websites. You should have some headroom between the total power consumption of your PC and the wattage of your power supply, ideally around 20% or more. For example, if your PC consumes 500W in total, you should have a power supply of at least 600W.
  • The connectors of your power supply and your new graphics card. You need to make sure your power supply has enough PCIe cables to connect to your graphics card. These are usually 6-pin or 8-pin connectors, and some graphics cards may require more than one. You can use adapters if your power supply does not have enough PCIe cables, but this is not recommended as it may affect the stability and performance of your system.

You can read some articles or watch some videos that explain how to connect your GPU to your PSU in more detail. Here are some links that might help you:

I hope this helps you.

Can I use an old CPU with a new graphics card?

You can use an old CPU with a new graphics card, but you may experience some drawbacks depending on how old your CPU is and how powerful your new graphics card is. These drawbacks include:

  • Bottlenecking: This means that your CPU is not fast enough to keep up with your graphics card, and therefore limits its performance. You can check if your CPU is bottlenecking your graphics card by using some online tools or by monitoring your CPU and GPU usage while gaming. If your CPU is constantly at 100% while your GPU is below 80%, you may have a bottleneck.
  • Compatibility: This means that your motherboard, power supply, case, and other components may not support your new graphics card. You need to make sure that your motherboard has a PCIe x16 slot that matches the PCIe generation of your graphics card (e.g., PCIe 3.0 or 4.0), that your power supply has enough wattage and connectors to power your graphics card, that your case has enough space and airflow to fit your graphics card, and that your BIOS and drivers are up to date.

You can read some articles or watch some videos that explain how to upgrade and install a new graphics card in your PC, and how to avoid or reduce bottlenecking. Here are some links that might help you:

What is the difference between a CPU and a GPU?

A CPU (Central Processing Unit) and a GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) are both types of processors that perform calculations, but they have different architectures and functions.

  • A CPU is the main processor of a computer that handles general tasks such as running the operating system, applications, and programs. It has a few cores (usually 4 to 8) that can execute multiple instructions per clock cycle but in a sequential order. A CPU is good at complex and diverse calculations that require logic and branching.
  • A GPU is a specialized processor that handles graphics-related tasks such as rendering images, videos, and games. It has thousands of cores that can execute many instructions per clock cycle but in a parallel manner. A GPU is good at simple and repetitive calculations that require high throughput and speed.
Can I use an old hard drive with a new graphics card?

You can use an old hard drive with a new graphics card, but you may not get the best performance out of your new graphics card. This is because:

  • Your old hard drive may have a slower read and write speed than a newer one, which can affect the loading times of your games and applications. You may want to consider upgrading to a solid-state drive (SSD) or a hybrid drive (HDD+SSD) that can offer faster speeds and lower power consumption.
  • Your old hard drive may not have enough space to store the latest games and applications that require more storage. You may want to check how much free space you have on your hard drive and delete any unnecessary files or programs. You may also want to add an external hard drive or a cloud storage service to store your data.

1- GeForce RTX 4090

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090

The GeForce RTX 4090 is the latest and most powerful graphics card from NVIDIA. It is based on the NVIDIA Ada Lovelace architecture, which delivers a huge leap in performance, efficiency, and graphics powered by AI. It has 24 GB of G6X memory and can handle 4K gaming at 120 FPS with DLSS 3.

Unleashing the Power of GeForce RTX 4090: Elevate Your Gaming and Creative Projects

In the ever-evolving landscape of graphics technology, NVIDIA has consistently pushed the boundaries to deliver exceptional experiences to gamers and content creators alike. The GeForce RTX 4090 emerges as a titan among graphics cards, offering an unparalleled blend of power, performance, and innovation that can transform your gaming sessions and creative projects into extraordinary endeavors.

Revolutionary Architecture and Performance

At the heart of the GeForce RTX 4090 lies NVIDIA’s revolutionary architecture, designed to deliver stunning visuals and seamless performance. With a staggering 84 Shader-TFLOPS, 328 Tensor-TFLOPS, and 120 Ray-TFLOPS, this graphics card redefines what’s possible in rendering, AI-driven tasks, and real-time ray tracing. Whether you’re immersing yourself in the latest gaming title or engaging in complex 3D rendering, the RTX 4090’s raw power sets the stage for exceptional results.

Massive Memory and Uncompromising Speed

The GeForce RTX 4090 boasts a colossal 48GB GDDR7X memory, providing ample space to handle even the most demanding workloads. This vast memory capacity empowers content creators to seamlessly navigate large projects, while gamers can enjoy high-resolution textures and assets without compromise. Additionally, the memory’s blistering speed ensures data access is swift, minimizing any potential bottlenecks during intense gaming or multitasking scenarios.

AI-Powered Innovation with DLSS 4.0

NVIDIA’s commitment to innovation is evident in the DLSS 4.0 technology embedded within the GeForce RTX 4090. This AI-powered feature leverages deep learning to upscale lower-resolution images in real time, delivering visuals that rival native resolutions. As a result, you can enjoy smoother frame rates and improved image quality, making your gaming experiences more immersive than ever before.

Ray Tracing at its Finest

Real-time ray tracing has become a hallmark of NVIDIA’s RTX series, and the GeForce RTX 4090 takes this technology to new heights. With a stunning 120 Ray-TFLOPS, the card can simulate intricate lighting, reflections, and shadows, adding a layer of realism that transforms gaming environments. Whether you’re exploring a meticulously crafted fantasy realm or a futuristic dystopia, ray tracing on the RTX 4090 creates visuals that blur the line between virtual and reality.

Creative Powerhouse for Professionals

While gamers stand to benefit greatly from the GeForce RTX 4090, content creators and professionals will find it to be a creative powerhouse. Video editors, 3D artists, and designers can harness the card’s computational might for swift rendering, detailed simulations, and fluid multitasking. The result is a tool that amplifies creativity and productivity, enabling professionals to bring their visions to life with unprecedented speed and accuracy.

Cutting-Edge Connectivity and Cooling

The GeForce RTX 4090 doesn’t just excel in raw performance; it’s also designed with modern connectivity and cooling solutions in mind. The inclusion of USB-C with VirtualLink enables seamless connections to VR headsets and monitors, while the advanced Axial-Tech Fan Design ensures efficient heat dissipation, allowing the card to maintain optimal performance during extended usage.

Unlock the Future of Gaming and Creativity

In summary, the GeForce RTX 4090 is not just a graphics card; it’s a gateway to unparalleled gaming experiences and creative endeavors. Its monumental power, innovative features, and forward-looking architecture position it as a true game-changer in the world of technology. Whether you’re a passionate gamer or a dedicated professional, the RTX 4090 has the potential to elevate your pursuits to new heights, setting the stage for a future where limits are pushed and possibilities are endless.

What is the price of GeForce RTX 4090?

The price of the GeForce RTX 4090 may vary depending on the brand, model, and retailer. The card has a starting price of $1,599 in the US, but it may be higher or lower in other countries. For example, I found some prices in Greece and France that range from €1,808 to €1,955.

What is the difference between RTX and GTX graphics cards?

RTX and GTX are two series of graphics cards by NVIDIA. The main difference between them is that RTX cards have dedicated hardware for ray tracing and AI-based features, while GTX cards don’t. Ray tracing is a technique that simulates realistic lighting effects in games, such as shadows, reflections, and refractions. AI-based features include DLSS, which uses deep learning to boost performance and image quality.

RTX cards generally offer better performance than GTX cards, but they are also more expensive. The latest RTX series is the 40-series, which uses the NVIDIA Ada Lovelace architecture. The latest GTX series is the 16-series, which uses the NVIDIA Turing architecture.


  • GPU: Ada AD102
  • GPU Cores: 16384
  • Boost Clock: 2,520 MHz
  • Video RAM: 24GB GDDR6X 21 Gbps
  • TGP: 450 watts


  • The fastest GPU, period
  • Excellent 4K and maybe even 8K gaming
  • Powerful ray tracing hardware
  • DLSS and now DLSS 3
  • 24GB is great for content creation workloads


  • Extreme price and power requirements
  • Needs a fast CPU and large PSU
  • Frame Generation is a bit gimmicky

2- Radeon RX 7900 XTX

2. Radeon RX 7900 XTX

Unveiling the Powerhouse: Radeon RX 7900 XTX Graphics Card

In the realm of cutting-edge graphics technology, AMD has consistently been at the forefront, delivering innovative solutions that cater to the needs of both gamers and content creators. The Radeon RX 7900 XTX emerges as a true powerhouse in the world of graphics cards, offering an exceptional blend of performance, efficiency, and advanced features that can redefine your gaming experiences and creative projects.

Pushing the Boundaries with Revolutionary Architecture

At the core of the Radeon RX 7900 XTX lies AMD’s revolutionary architecture, designed to push the boundaries of graphics performance. With a remarkable 78 Compute Units and 24GB GDDR7 memory, this graphics card is poised to deliver stunning visuals and seamless gameplay. Whether you’re navigating the sprawling landscapes of the latest AAA title or engaging in resource-intensive creative work, the RX 7900 XTX’s raw power sets the stage for outstanding results.

Immersive Gaming with AMD FidelityFX Super Resolution

The Radeon RX 7900 XTX introduces the impressive AMD FidelityFX Super Resolution technology, allowing gamers to experience their favorite titles with remarkable visual fidelity. This feature leverages advanced upscaling techniques to enhance image quality, enabling smoother frame rates and immersive gaming experiences even at higher resolutions. The result is a gaming encounter that boasts both realism and performance.

Ray Tracing Brilliance

The Radeon RX 7900 XTX is equipped to embrace the world of real-time ray tracing, elevating the visual quality of your gaming worlds. With a substantial 100 Ray Accelerators, the card can simulate intricate lighting, reflections, and shadows with stunning accuracy. Dive into meticulously crafted environments that come to life with lifelike realism, making each gaming session an unforgettable adventure.

Efficiency and Cooling Innovation

Efficiency and cooling are paramount in ensuring optimal performance, and the Radeon RX 7900 XTX delivers on both fronts. The card features advanced RDNA 4 architecture, enabling more performance per watt while minimizing heat generation. The Precision Fan Control technology ensures that the cooling system operates at its best, maintaining low temperatures and quiet operation during intense gaming sessions.

Craftsmanship and Design

Beyond performance, the Radeon RX 7900 XTX is a testament to craftsmanship and design. The card’s sleek aesthetics, coupled with the RGB Lighting Effects, add a touch of personalization to your setup. The reinforced Backplate Design not only enhances the card’s durability but also contributes to efficient heat dissipation, ensuring consistent performance over extended usage.

Seamless Connectivity and Future-Proofing

The Radeon RX 7900 XTX comes equipped with modern connectivity options, ensuring that you’re prepared for the future. The inclusion of USB-C with DisplayPort 2.0 support enables high-resolution displays and VR headsets to be seamlessly connected. This forward-thinking approach ensures that your gaming and creative setups remain relevant for years to come.

Unlock Your Potential with Radeon RX 7900 XTX

In summary, the Radeon RX 7900 XTX isn’t just a graphics card; it’s a gateway to unparalleled gaming and creative experiences. Its revolutionary architecture, advanced features, and impressive efficiency position it as a true game-changer in the graphics card arena. Whether you’re a dedicated gamer or a passionate content creator, the RX 7900 XTX has the potential to unlock new levels of performance and creativity, shaping a future where possibilities are limitless.

The Radeon RX 7900 XTX is a high-end graphics card by AMD. It is based on the AMD RDNA 3 architecture with chiplet technology. It has 96 Compute Units96 Ray Accelerators, and 6144 Stream Processors. It can run at a boost frequency of up to 2500 MHz and a game frequency of 2300 MHz. It has a memory size of 16 GB and a memory bandwidth of 1024 GB/s.

The Radeon RX 7900 XTX is designed for gaming and creating at 4K resolution and beyond. It supports ray tracing, FSR, and other advanced features. It competes with the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 in terms of performance and price.

What is the price of Radeon RX 7900 XTX?

The price of the Radeon RX 7900 XTX may vary depending on the region, retailer, and availability. According to some web sources, the suggested retail price of the card is $999 USD, but it may be lower or higher in some cases. For example, one website lists the card for $899 USD, while another website lists it for £749 GBP. In France, the card may cost around 1 099€ EUR.

You can check the current prices of the Radeon RX 7900 XTX on these websites:

What is the difference between Radeon and GeForce graphics cards?

Radeon and GeForce are two brands of graphics cards that are designed for gaming and other applications that require high-performance graphics processing. Radeon is made by AMD, while GeForce is made by NVIDIA. Both brands have different models and features that cater to different needs and preferences of users.

Some of the main differences between Radeon and GeForce graphics cards are:

  • Radeon cards tend to be cheaper and offer better value for money than GeForce cards, especially in the mid-range and low-end segments.
  • GeForce cards tend to have better performance and efficiency than Radeon cards, especially in the high-end segment.
  • Radeon cards support AMD’s FreeSync technology, which reduces screen tearing and stuttering by synchronizing the monitor’s refresh rate with the GPU’s frame rate.
  • GeForce cards support NVIDIA’s G-Sync technology, which does the same thing as FreeSync but requires a compatible monitor with a special module.
  • Radeon cards have features such as Radeon Anti-Lag, which reduces input lag by minimizing the time between pressing a key or moving a mouse and seeing the result on screen, and Radeon Super Resolution, which upscales low-resolution images to higher resolutions using artificial intelligence.
  • GeForce cards have features such as NVIDIA’s ultra-low latency mode plus Reflex, which also reduces input lag by optimizing the GPU-CPU communication and the game engine, and NVIDIA Image Scaling, which also upscales low-resolution images to higher resolutions using artificial intelligence
What is the difference between RTX and GTX graphics cards?

RTX and GTX are two series of graphics cards by NVIDIA. RTX is the newer and more advanced series, while GTX is the older and more affordable series. The main difference between RTX and GTX cards is that RTX cards have dedicated hardware for ray tracing and AI-based features, while GTX cards do not.

Ray tracing is a technique that simulates realistic lighting, shadows, reflections, and refractions by tracing the path of light rays in a 3D scene. AI-based features include DLSS (Deep Learning Super Sampling), which uses artificial intelligence to enhance the image quality and performance of games.

RTX cards generally offer better performance and visuals than GTX cards, but they also cost more. However, not all games support ray tracing or DLSS, so the benefits of RTX cards may vary depending on the game and your preferences.


GPU: Navi 31
GPU Cores: 12288
Boost Clock: 2500 MHz
Video RAM: 24GB GDDR6 20 Gbps
TBP: 355 watts


Great overall performance
Lots of VRAM and cache
Great for non-RT workloads
Good SPECviewperf results


1,000 starting price
Much slower RT performance
Weak in AI / deep learning workloads

3- Radeon RX 6600

Radeon RX 6600

Unleash the Future: Radeon RX 6600 Graphics Card

In the ever-evolving world of graphics technology, AMD has consistently been a driving force behind innovation, delivering powerful solutions that cater to the needs of both gamers and creators. The Radeon RX 6600 emerges as a beacon of innovation in the realm of graphics cards, offering a perfect blend of performance, efficiency, and modern features that can redefine your gaming experiences and creative projects.

Elevated Performance with Advanced Architecture

At the heart of the Radeon RX 6600 lies AMD’s advanced architecture, designed to deliver elevated graphics performance. With 28 Compute Units and 12GB GDDR7 memory, this graphics card is poised to provide stunning visuals and smooth gameplay. Whether you’re exploring vast open worlds in the latest game or engaging in creative tasks, the RX 6600’s performance ensures remarkable results.

Immersive Gaming with AMD FidelityFX Super Resolution

The Radeon RX 6600 introduces the powerful AMD FidelityFX Super Resolution technology, allowing gamers to experience their favorite titles with enhanced visual quality. This feature employs sophisticated upscaling techniques to improve image clarity, resulting in smoother frame rates and immersive gaming even at higher resolutions. This technology truly brings a new level of realism and performance to your gaming adventures.

Efficient Cooling for Prolonged Performance

Efficiency and cooling are paramount for sustained performance, and the Radeon RX 6600 excels in both aspects. The card leverages innovative cooling solutions to ensure optimal temperature control during extended gaming sessions. The Smart Fan Control technology ensures that the cooling system adapts to the demands of your gameplay, providing a balance between performance and quiet operation.

Ray Tracing Capability

The Radeon RX 6600 embraces the world of real-time ray tracing, enhancing the visual quality of your gaming environments. With 40 Ray Accelerators, the card simulates realistic lighting, reflections, and shadows, elevating your gaming experience to a new level. Immerse yourself in lifelike worlds that come alive with dynamic lighting and intricate details.

Modern Connectivity and Future-Proofing

Equipped with modern connectivity options, the Radeon RX 6600 ensures you’re prepared for the future of gaming and content creation. The inclusion of DisplayPort 2.0 support and HDMI 2.1 compatibility ensures seamless connectivity with high-resolution displays and peripherals. This forward-looking approach guarantees that your setup remains relevant as technology advances.

Sleek Design and Customization

The Radeon RX 6600 not only delivers performance but also boasts a sleek and modern design. The card’s aesthetics, coupled with the RGB Lighting Effects, allow you to personalize your setup according to your preferences. The compact form factor ensures compatibility with a variety of PC cases, making it a versatile choice for different builds.

Unleash the Future with Radeon RX 6600

In summary, the Radeon RX 6600 is more than just a graphics card; it’s a gateway to an exciting future of gaming and creativity. Its advanced architecture, modern features, and efficient cooling make it a standout choice in the graphics card landscape. Whether you’re a dedicated gamer or a passionate content creator, the RX 6600 has the potential to unlock a new era of performance and possibilities, where every pixel is a canvas for your imagination.

The Radeon RX 6600 is a new graphics card by AMD, launched on October 13th, 2021. It is based on the AMD RDNA 2 architecture, which supports ray tracing and other advanced features. It is designed for 1080p gaming, and competes with the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3060.

The Radeon RX 6600 has 28 compute units1792 stream processors8 GB of GDDR6 memory, and a 128-bit memory bus. It has a base clock of 2044 MHz and a boost clock of up to 2491 MHz. It has a TDP of 132 W and requires a single 8-pin power connector.

The Radeon RX 6600 has an official starting price of $329 USD or 2999 MAD. However, due to the global chip shortage and high demand, the actual prices may vary depending on the availability and the retailer.


GPU: Navi 23
GPU Cores: 1792
Boost Clock: 2,491 MHz
Video RAM: 8GB GDDR6 14 Gbps
TBP: 132 watts


Power efficient
Runs 1080p max settings and 60fp
Typically costs close to $200


Not good for ray tracing

4- Radeon RX 6650 XT

Embrace the Power: Radeon RX 6650 XT Graphics Card

In the dynamic world of graphics technology, AMD consistently stands at the forefront of innovation, delivering solutions that cater to the diverse needs of both gamers and creators. The Radeon RX 6650 XT emerges as a beacon of cutting-edge performance in the realm of graphics cards, offering a perfect fusion of power, efficiency, and modern features that have the potential to redefine your gaming experiences and creative endeavors.

Peak Performance with Advanced Architecture

At the core of the Radeon RX 6650 XT resides AMD’s advanced architecture, meticulously crafted to deliver peak graphics performance. With 36 Compute Units and 14GB GDDR7 memory, this graphics card promises to unleash stunning visuals and seamless gameplay. Whether you’re exploring vast virtual worlds or engaging in creative projects, the RX 6650 XT’s exceptional performance sets the stage for extraordinary outcomes.

Elevated Gaming Realism with AMD FidelityFX Super Resolution

The Radeon RX 6650 XT introduces the groundbreaking AMD FidelityFX Super Resolution technology, an innovation that lets gamers experience their favorite titles with heightened visual fidelity. By employing sophisticated upscaling techniques, this feature enriches image quality, resulting in smoother frame rates and immersive gaming even at higher resolutions. The result is gaming realism that goes beyond expectations.

Efficient Cooling for Uninterrupted Performance

Efficiency and cooling are integral to consistent performance, and the Radeon RX 6650 XT excels in both aspects. The card employs cutting-edge cooling solutions to maintain optimal temperature levels during extended gaming sessions. The Smart Cooling Management technology ensures that the cooling system adapts dynamically, providing a balance between performance and quiet operation.

Enter the Realm of Ray Tracing

The Radeon RX 6650 XT embraces the realm of real-time ray tracing, breathing life into your gaming environments. With 50 Ray Accelerators, the card brings realistic lighting, reflections, and shadows to the forefront, elevating your gaming encounters to new heights. Immerse yourself in captivating worlds where the interplay of light and shadow creates an unparalleled sense of realism.

Connectivity and Future-Proofing

Modern connectivity options are crucial for staying prepared in the world of gaming and content creation, and the Radeon RX 6650 XT delivers on this front. The inclusion of DisplayPort 2.0 support and HDMI 2.1 compatibility ensures seamless connections to high-resolution displays and peripherals. This forward-looking approach guarantees that your setup remains future-proof as technology evolves.

Sleek Design and Personalization

Beyond performance, the Radeon RX 6650 XT boasts a sleek and modern design. Its aesthetics, accompanied by RGB Lighting Effects, offer ample room for personalization and customization. The card’s compact form factor ensures compatibility with a range of PC cases, making it an ideal choice for various system builds.

Embrace the Future with Radeon RX 6650 XT

In essence, the Radeon RX 6650 XT represents more than just a graphics card; it’s an invitation to embrace the future of gaming and creativity. Its advanced architecture, modern features, and efficient cooling make it a standout choice in the competitive graphics card market. Whether you’re an ardent gamer or a dedicated content creator, the RX 6650 XT has the potential to unlock a new era of performance and possibilities, where every frame is a canvas for your imagination.

The Radeon RX 6650 XT is a new graphics card by AMD, launched on May 22nd, 2022. It is based on the AMD RDNA 2 architecture, which supports ray tracing and other advanced features. It is designed for 1080p and 1440p gaming, and competes with the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3060 Ti.

The Radeon RX 6650 XT has 32 compute units2048 stream processors8 GB of GDDR6 memory, and a 256-bit memory bus. It has a base clock of 2145 MHz and a boost clock of up to 2585 MHz. It has a TDP of 160 W and requires a single 8-pin power connector.

The Radeon RX 6650 XT has an official starting price of $399 USD or 3599 MAD. However, due to the global chip shortage and high demand, the actual prices may vary depending on the availability and the retailer

What is the difference between Radeon and GeForce graphics cards?

Radeon and GeForce are two brands of graphics cards or GPUs that are used for gaming and other applications. Radeon is made by AMD, while GeForce is made by NVIDIA. They are competitors in the GPU market, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Some of the main differences between Radeon and GeForce graphics cards are:

  • Architecture: Radeon uses the AMD RDNA 2 architecture, which supports ray tracing, variable rate shading, mesh shaders, and other features. GeForce uses the NVIDIA Ampere architecture, which also supports ray tracing, DLSS, RTX IO, and other features.
  • Performance: Radeon and GeForce graphics cards have different levels of performance depending on the model, price, resolution, game, and settings. Generally speaking, GeForce has an edge in high-end and 4K gaming, while Radeon offers better value in mid-range and 1080p gaming.
  • Features: Radeon and GeForce graphics cards have different features that enhance the gaming experience. For example, Radeon supports FreeSync, which reduces screen tearing and stuttering, while GeForce supports G-Sync, which does the same thing but requires a compatible monitor. Radeon also has Radeon Anti-Lag, which reduces input lag, while GeForce has NVIDIA Reflex, which does the same thing but also optimizes the system latency. Radeon also has Radeon Super Resolution (RSR), which improves image quality with minimal performance impact, while GeForce has NVIDIA Image Scaling (NIS), which does the same thing but also supports DLSS.
  • Drivers: Radeon and GeForce graphics cards require different drivers to work properly. Radeon drivers are called AMD Adrenalin, while GeForce drivers are called NVIDIA Game Ready. Both drivers offer updates, optimizations, settings, and tools for gaming. However, some users may prefer one driver over the other based on their stability, performance, compatibility, and user interface.


GPU: Navi 23
GPU Cores: 2048
Boost Clock: 2,635MHz
Video RAM: 8GB GDDR6 18 Gbps
TBP: 180 watts


  • Often faster than RTX 3060
  • Power efficient design
  • Good 1080p performance
  • Available well below MSRP

In conclusion, the year 2023 introduces a new era of gaming graphics cards that redefine what’s possible in gaming. These graphics cards cater to a wide range of preferences, whether you’re chasing peak performance, stunning visuals, or a balance between the two.

Best gaming laptops in 2023: Unveiling Top-Notch Performance and Immersive Gameplay


According to Tom’s Guide, the Acer Predator Helios 16, the Alienware m18, the Asus ROG Zephyrus Duo 16, the HP Omen 17, the Lenovo Legion Pro 7i, the MSI Cyborg 15, and the Razer Blade 18 are some of the best gaming laptops of CES 2023. The Verge and GamesRadar3 also recommend the Asus ROG Zephyrus G14 and the Asus ROG Strix Scar 16 as some of the best gaming laptops of 2023. What kind of games do you play? This can help you narrow down your choice based on the performance and features you need.

Unveiling the Ultimate Guide to Choosing the Best Gaming Laptop

In today’s fast-paced digital world, gaming has evolved from a casual hobby into a full-fledged phenomenon, captivating millions of enthusiasts worldwide. As avid gamers seek the perfect combination of performance, portability, and aesthetics, the quest for the best gaming laptop becomes increasingly paramount. At [Your Website Name], we recognize the significance of this pursuit and present to you the ultimate guide to choosing the best gaming laptop, tailored to elevate your gaming experience to unparalleled heights.

Key Factors to Consider

1. Processing Power: Unleash the Beast

A gaming laptop’s beating heart lies in its processor. The battle-tested Intel Core i9 and AMD Ryzen 9 processors reign supreme in the realm of gaming prowess. The unrivaled multi-core performance ensures seamless gameplay and the ability to handle resource-intensive tasks without a hint of lag.

2. Graphics Dominance: Immerse in Visual Splendor

A cutting-edge graphics card is the cornerstone of any gaming laptop worth its salt. NVIDIA GeForce RTX and AMD Radeon GPUs are at the forefront, rendering lifelike visuals and real-time ray tracing. Your gaming laptop must harness this power to deliver breathtaking graphics that transport you to alternate realities.

3. Refresh Rate Revolution: Fluidity Redefined

A high refresh rate display is your window into the gaming universe. Aim for a minimum of 144Hz to witness the transformation of motion fluidity. With each frame flowing seamlessly, you gain a competitive edge in fast-paced games, reacting swiftly to every move.

The Formidable RAM and Storage Duo

4. Memory Magic: Multitasking Mastered

16GB to 32GB of RAM is your golden ticket to multitasking nirvana. The ability to run multiple applications alongside your game ensures you’re always ahead of the curve, responding to messages, streaming, and browsing without disrupting your gaming session.

5. Storage Supremacy: Speed and Space Combined

An SSD with lightning-fast read and write speeds is non-negotiable. The fusion of a spacious SSD and a secondary HDD ensures ample storage for your game library while accelerating load times, guaranteeing you’re never left waiting.

Portability Meets Aesthetics

6. Sleek Design: Aesthetic Excellence

Gaming laptops have shed their bulky reputation, embracing sleek designs that demand attention. Thin bezels, RGB lighting, and premium build materials create a visual spectacle that mirrors your gaming enthusiasm.

7. Portability Personified: Gaming on the Go

Opt for a laptop that strikes a harmonious balance between performance and portability. Slim and lightweight options equipped with extended battery life enable you to game seamlessly whether at home, at a friend’s place, or on the move.

Immersive Audio and Connectivity

8. Audio Excellence: Sonic Adventures

Crystal-clear audio can make or break your gaming experience. Invest in laptops with high-fidelity speakers, and for an enhanced experience, consider a headset with 3D audio capabilities.

9. Connectivity Unleashed: Expand Your Horizons

Ensure your gaming laptop boasts an array of connectivity options, from USB-C and HDMI ports to Thunderbolt 3, allowing you to connect to multiple displays and peripherals effortlessly.

Making an Informed Decision

In the saturated market of gaming laptops, making the right choice requires meticulous consideration of various factors. Our comprehensive guide has illuminated the path, offering insights into the crucial components that constitute an exceptional gaming laptop. Armed with this knowledge, embark on your journey to select a gaming laptop that encapsulates your gaming aspirations, enabling you to traverse virtual landscapes with unrivaled precision and exhilaration.

Take the first step towards gaming excellence by equipping yourself with a gaming laptop that transcends boundaries and paves the way for unforgettable adventures. Remember, your journey is defined by the quality of your tools, and with [Your Website Name], you’re primed for victory on all fronts.

Best Gaming Laptops in 2023: Unveiling Top-Notch Performance and Immersive Gameplay

In the ever-evolving world of gaming, having the right equipment can make all the difference in your gaming experience. As 2023 unfolds, the landscape of gaming laptops has taken a remarkable leap, offering unprecedented power, sleek designs, and cutting-edge technology. Here at [Your Company Name], we are committed to bringing you an insightful guide to the best gaming laptops in 2023 that are poised to take your gaming journey to new heights.

1. Alienware Area-51m R5: The Epitome of Gaming Power

Kicking off our list is the Alienware Area-51m R5, a true powerhouse that redefines gaming laptops. Packed with an Intel Core i9-12900K processor and NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 graphics, this laptop guarantees unparalleled performance. The 17.3-inch 360Hz display ensures smooth visuals, while the upgradable components cater to your evolving gaming needs.

2. ASUS ROG Zephyrus G15: Balancing Performance and Portability

For those seeking a blend of performance and portability, the ASUS ROG Zephyrus G15 shines. Its AMD Ryzen 9 6900HS processor and NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 graphics deliver exceptional speed and detail. The laptop’s Quad HD display offers vivid visuals, and the ErgoLift hinge enhances comfort during extended gaming sessions.

3. Razer Blade Pro 17: Where Elegance Meets Performance

Step into the world of sophistication and performance with the Razer Blade Pro 17. Crafted with precision, this laptop boasts an Intel Core i7-12870H CPU and NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 graphics. The 17.3-inch 4K display with 120Hz refresh rate guarantees stunning visuals, while the customizable RGB keyboard adds a personal touch.

4. MSI GS76 Stealth: Merging Power and Style

Experience gaming finesse with the MSI GS76 Stealth, a laptop that marries power and style effortlessly. Featuring an Intel Core i9-12900HK processor and NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 graphics, this laptop stands as a force to be reckoned with. The 17.3-inch QHD display and Dynaudio speakers create an immersive gaming ambiance.

5. Lenovo Legion 7i: Redefining Gaming Realism

The Lenovo Legion 7i takes gaming realism to the next level. Driven by an Intel Core i9-12900K processor and NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 graphics, this laptop delivers unrivaled power. The 16-inch 165Hz display with Dolby Vision ensures vibrant visuals, while the TrueStrike keyboard enhances your gaming precision.

6. Dell G7 17: Performance on a Budget

If you’re looking to maximize performance without breaking the bank, the Dell G7 17 is a remarkable choice. With an Intel Core i7-12850H processor and NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3060 graphics, this laptop offers solid gaming capabilities. The 17.3-inch Full HD display and Dual speakers with Nahimic 3D Audio provide an enjoyable gaming experience.

7. Acer Predator Triton 500 SE: Unleash Your Gaming Potential

Unleash your gaming potential with the Acer Predator Triton 500 SE. Armed with an Intel Core i9-12900HK processor and NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 graphics, this laptop is designed for high-octane gaming. The 15.6-inch 240Hz display and AeroBlade 3D Fan keep your gaming sessions cool and immersive.

8. HP Omen X: Embrace the Power

Embrace the power of gaming with the HP Omen X, a laptop that delivers a formidable performance punch. Driven by an Intel Core i9-12900K processor and NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 graphics, this laptop is ready for intense gameplay. The 17.3-inch 240Hz display and Bang & Olufsen speakers enhance both visuals and audio.

9. Gigabyte Aorus 17G: Where Performance Meets Innovation

The Gigabyte Aorus 17G stands as a testament to where performance meets innovation. Equipped with an Intel Core i9-12900K processor and NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 graphics, this laptop pushes boundaries. The 17.3-inch 300Hz display and Omni-Directional Quad Speakers create a captivating gaming atmosphere.

10. ASUS TUF Gaming A15: Affordable Excellence

Last but not least, the ASUS TUF Gaming A15 offers affordable excellence for gamers on a budget. Featuring an AMD Ryzen 7 5800H processor and NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3060 graphics, this laptop doesn’t compromise on performance. The 15.6-inch Full HD display and DTS:X Ultra audio deliver an impressive gaming encounter.

In conclusion, the year 2023 marks a significant milestone in the realm of gaming laptops. The options available cater to a wide spectrum of preferences, whether you seek raw power, sleek aesthetics, or a balance between the two. At [Your Company Name], we have meticulously curated this list to aid you in making an informed decision for your next gaming laptop purchase.

What is the price range of these laptops?

The price range of these laptops varies depending on the model, configuration, and retailer. According to PC Gamer, you can find some deals on RTX 30 series gaming laptops with up to $500 off at Newegg and Best Buy. Tom’s Hardware lists the prices of some of the best gaming laptops for 2023, ranging from $999 for the Lenovo Legion 5 to $3,499 for the Razer Blade Pro 17RTINGS.com also reviews some of the best gaming laptops for summer 2023, with prices from $1,099 for the Acer Nitro 5 to $2,999 for the Asus ROG Zephyrus Duo SE. What is your budget for a gaming laptop? This can help you find the best option for your needs.

Which laptop has the best graphics card?

how to rank first on google: a full guide


Ranking first on Google is not easy, but there are some effective ways to improve your chances. Here are some tips from the web:

  • Use long-tail keywords that are specific and relevant to your niche.
  • Structure your link-building strategy to optimize your content and make it authoritative.
  • Ensure your website is indexed by Google and follow the technical SEO best practices.
  • Match your content to the search intent of your target audience and provide high-quality information.
  • Reduce your bounce rate by making your website fast, user-friendly and engaging

Long-tail keywords:

Long-tail keywords are longer and more specific keyword phrases that visitors are more likely to use when they’re closer to a point of purchase or when they’re using voice search. They usually have lower search volume than short or “head” keywords, but they also have higher conversion rates because they target a more niche audience. For example, the keyword “meditation” is a “head” keyword because it gets 211k searches per month, while the keyword “meditation for beginners youtube” is a long-tail keyword because it gets only 1.6k searches per month2.

You can use long-tail keywords to optimize your website for search engines and attract more qualified leads. To find long-tail keywords, you can use tools like Keyword Tool or Ahrefs Keywords Explorer which can generate hundreds of suggestions based on your seed keyword.

Long-tail keywords are important for SEO because they can help you rank for less competitive and more relevant terms that match the search intent of your potential customers. For example, if you have a website that sells meditation courses, you might want to target long-tail keywords like “best meditation course for beginners” or “how to meditate for stress relief” instead of just “meditation”. These long-tail keywords are more likely to convert because they show that the searcher is looking for a specific solution that you can provide.

To use long-tail keywords effectively, you need to do some keyword research and find out what your target audience is searching for. You can also look at your competitors’ websites and see what keywords they are ranking for. Then, you need to create high-quality content that answers the questions and needs of your audience and includes your long-tail keywords naturally and strategically. You also need to optimize your title tags, meta descriptions, headings, images, and URLs with your long-tail keywords to help search engines understand what your content is about.

By using long-tail keywords, you can improve your website’s visibility, traffic, and conversions in search engines. You can also build trust and authority with your audience and stand out from the competition.

Examples of long-tail keywords: 

Long-tail keywords are usually made up of three or more words and are more descriptive than short-tail keywords. They also have lower search volume and higher conversion rates than short-tail keywords. Here are some examples of long-tail keywords and their corresponding short-tail keywords:

  • Short-tail keyword: meditation
  • Long-tail keyword: can meditation make you smarter (50 searches per month)
  • Short-tail keyword: red shoes
  • Long-tail keyword: red leather shoes for women (260 searches per month)
  • Short-tail keyword: SEO
  • Long-tail keyword: best SEO course for beginners (480 searches per month)
How do I use long-tail keywords in my content?

To use long-tail keywords in your content, you need to follow these steps:

  • Conduct keyword research to find out what long-tail keywords your target audience is searching for and how competitive they are.
  • Define and target your buyer personas to understand their needs, pain points, goals, and search intent.
  • Brainstorm ways to create high-quality content that answers the questions and provides solutions for your buyer personas1. You can use different formats such as blog posts, videos, podcasts, ebooks, etc.
  • Use long-tail keywords throughout your site content in a natural and strategic way. You can include them in your title tags, meta descriptions, headings, subheadings, images, URLs, and body text. Don’t overuse or force them into your content as this can hurt your readability and SEO.
  • Measure and optimize your results by tracking your rankings, traffic, conversions, and other metrics for your long-tail keywords. You can use tools like Google Analytics, Google Search Console, or Ahrefs to monitor your performance and identify areas for improvement.
How many long-tail keywords should I use per page?

There is no definitive answer to how many long-tail keywords you should use per page, as it depends on various factors such as your niche, your content length, your primary keyword, your user intent, and your competition. However, some general guidelines are:

  • Focus on one primary keyword that best matches the main topic and goal of your page. This should be the most relevant and popular keyword for your target audience.
  • Use secondary keywords as subtopics that support and expand on your primary keyword. These can be synonyms, subtopics, or long-tail variations of your primary keyword. They can help you cover more aspects of your topic and rank for more related queries.
  • Use long-tail keywords naturally and strategically in your content. Don’t try to stuff them or force them into your content. Use them where they make sense and add value to your readers. You can use tools like Ahrefs or Google Keyword Planner to find long-tail keywords that have low competition and high relevance.

The number of long-tail keywords you can use per page may vary depending on the length and depth of your content, but a good rule of thumb is to aim for at least 3-5 long-tail keywords per page.

How do I measure the effectiveness of my long-tail keywords?

To measure the effectiveness of your long-tail keywords, you need to track and analyze various metrics that indicate how well your content is performing in terms of SEO and conversions. Some of the most important metrics are:

  • Rankings: This shows how high your content ranks for your long-tail keywords in the search engine results pages (SERPs). You can use tools like Ahrefs or Google Search Console to monitor your rankings and see how they change over time.
  • Traffic: This shows how many people visit your content from organic search. You can use tools like Google Analytics or Ahrefs to measure your traffic and see which long-tail keywords are driving the most visitors to your site.
  • Click-through rate (CTR): This shows how many people click on your content from the SERPs. You can use tools like Google Search Console or Ahrefs to measure your CTR and see how well your title tags and meta descriptions are attracting clicks.
  • Bounce rate: This shows how many people leave your content after viewing only one page. You can use tools like Google Analytics or Ahrefs to measure your bounce rate and see how well your content is engaging and retaining your visitors.
  • Conversion rate: This shows how many people take a desired action on your content, such as signing up for a newsletter, downloading an ebook, making a purchase, etc. You can use tools like Google Analytics or Ahrefs to measure your conversion rate and see how well your content is persuading and satisfying your visitors.
What are some common mistakes to avoid when using long-tail keywords?

Some of the common mistakes to avoid when using long-tail keywords are:

  • Not researching customer questions first: You should always start your keyword research by understanding what your potential customers are asking and looking for. You can use tools like AnswerThePublic or Ahrefs to find popular and relevant questions related to your topic.
  • Focusing only on long-tail keywords: While long-tail keywords are important for targeting specific and low-competition queries, you should not neglect the head and body keywords that have higher search volume and broader appeal. You should aim for a balanced mix of keywords that cover different stages of the customer journey.
  • Not looking at what your competitors are ranking for: You can learn a lot from analyzing the keywords that your competitors are using and ranking for. You can use tools like Ahrefs or SEMrush to find out what keywords your competitors are targeting, how much traffic they are getting, and what gaps you can fill.
  • Not looking at keyword competition levels: You should always check how difficult it is to rank for your long-tail keywords, as some of them may be more competitive than you think. You can use tools like Ahrefs or Moz to measure the keyword difficulty and see how strong the current ranking pages are.
  • Focusing only on exact-match keywords: You should not limit yourself to using only the exact words and phrases that match your long-tail keywords. You should also use synonyms, variations, modifiers, and related terms that can help you rank for more semantic and natural language queries.
How do I optimize my content for voice search?

To optimize your content for voice search, you need to follow some best practices that can help you rank higher and provide better answers for voice queries. Some of the most effective ways to optimize your content for voice search are:

  • Optimize for rich answers: You should aim to provide clear and concise answers to common questions that can be featured in Google’s rich snippets, such as featured snippets, knowledge panels, and local packs. You can use tools like Semrush or Moz to find out what questions your target audience is asking and how to optimize your content for them.
  • Re-imagine and restructure your content: You should organize your content into logical sections that can be easily scanned and understood by voice assistants. You can use headings, subheadings, bullet points, lists, tables, and other formatting elements to break down your content into bite-sized chunks. You can also use schema markup to help Google understand the structure and meaning of your content.
  • Use conversational language for content: You should write your content in a natural and engaging tone that matches how people speak and search. You can use tools like Aicontentfy or Hemingway to check the readability and clarity of your content. You should also avoid using jargon, slang, or complex terms that may confuse voice assistants or users.
  • Target long-tail keyword phrases: You should focus on using long-tail keywords that reflect how people ask questions and express their intent in voice searches. You can use tools like AnswerThePublic or Ahrefs to find relevant long-tail keywords that match your topic and audience. You should also include modifiers, such as “best”, “how”, “where”, “near me”, etc., that can help you rank for more specific queries.
  • Improve the loading time of your website: You should make sure that your website loads fast and smoothly on mobile devices, as most voice searches are done on smartphones. You can use tools like Google PageSpeed Insights or GTmetrix to measure and improve your site speed and performance. You should also optimize your images, videos, scripts, and other elements that may slow down your site.
  • Pay attention to mobile: You should ensure that your website is mobile-friendly and responsive, as voice search users expect a seamless and user-friendly experience on their devices. You can use tools like Google Mobile-Friendly Test or Bing Mobile Friendliness Test Tool to check and improve your site’s mobile compatibility. You should also consider using AMP (Accelerated Mobile Pages) to boost your site speed and visibility on mobile.
  • Leverage Google Business Profile: You should claim and optimize your Google Business Profile if you have a local business, as this can help you rank higher and provide more information for voice search users who are looking for nearby products or services. You can use tools like Google My Business or Moz Local to manage and update your profile with relevant details, such as name, address, phone number, hours, reviews, photos, etc.

What about keyword cannibalization?

Keyword cannibalization is an SEO issue that occurs when multiple pages on your website target the same or similar keywords and compete against each other for the same Google rankings. This can hurt your site’s organic performance, as it can confuse Google and users about which page is more relevant, authoritative, and useful for the query.

Some of the common causes of keyword cannibalization are:

  • Publishing similar pieces of content over time
  • Publishing a new version of a page without redirecting the old one
  • Creating different paths to the same product category
  • Optimizing similar pages for the same keyword
  • Not optimizing subcategory pages

To find, fix, and prevent keyword cannibalization, you need to audit your site and identify any pages that are competing for the same keywords. You can use tools like Semrush or Ahrefs to help you with this process. Then, you need to decide on the best strategy to resolve the issue, such as:

  • Merging the pages into one
  • Deleting or redirecting the pages
  • De-optimizing or re-optimizing the pages
  • Using canonical tags or noindex tags
  • Creating a clear site structure and hierarchy

How to structure link-building strategy

To structure your link-building strategy to optimize your content, you need to follow some steps that can help you identify, create, and promote link-worthy content that can attract and retain your audience. Some of the steps are:

  • Get to know your audience: You need to understand who your current and ideal audience is, what their needs and preferences are, and what kind of content they are looking for. You can use tools like Google Analytics, Semrush, or Surveys to gather data and insights about your audience1.
  • Make a list of sites that appeal to your audience: You need to research and find relevant and authoritative sites that your audience visits, trusts, and engages with. You can use tools like Ahrefs, Moz, or Majestic to discover and analyze potential link prospects.
  • Write great content: You need to create high-quality and original content that provides value, solves problems, answers questions, or entertains your audience. You can use tools like Yoast, Grammarly, or Hemingway to improve your content quality and readability1.
  • Match content to websites: You need to align your content with the sites that you want to get links from. You can use tools like BuzzSumo, SimilarWeb, or Semrush to find out what kind of content performs well on those sites and tailor your content accordingly1.
  • Reach out: You need to contact the site owners or editors and pitch your content in a personalized and persuasive way. You can use tools like Hunter, Mailshake, or Pitchbox to find email addresses, craft outreach emails, and track responses1.
  • Use social media: You need to leverage social media platforms to amplify your content reach and visibility. You can use tools like Buffer, Hootsuite, or CoSchedule to schedule, share, and monitor your social media posts

Link building is the process of acquiring hyperlinks (also known as “backlinks”) from other websites to your own. It is an essential aspect of SEO meant to improve your website’s search engine visibility and authority. Link building can help you:

  • Increase your organic traffic: Links from relevant and authoritative websites can signal to search engines that your website is trustworthy and valuable, and rank it higher for your target keywords.
  • Build your brand awareness: Links from popular and influential websites can expose your website to a larger and more relevant audience, and increase your brand recognition and reputation.
  • Establish your relationships: Links from reputable and niche-specific websites can help you build connections and partnerships with other webmasters, influencers, or experts in your industry.

There are many link-building strategies that you can use to get more backlinks to your website. Some of the most common ones are:

  • Content marketing: You can create high-quality and original content that provides value, solves problems, or entertains your audience, and promote it to other websites that might be interested in linking to it.
  • Building useful tools: You can create free tools, calculators, widgets, or plugins that can help your audience achieve their goals, and offer them to other websites that might want to embed or feature them.
  • Email outreach: You can contact the owners or editors of other websites that are relevant to your niche, and pitch them your content, tool, or resource in a personalized and persuasive way.
  • Broken link building: You can find broken links on other websites that are related to your topic, create something similar to the broken resource, and ask the webmasters to replace the broken link with a link to your working resource.

Top 8 Link-Building Mistakes to Avoid in 2023:

When creating link building, you should avoid some common mistakes that can harm your SEO performance and reputation. Some of these mistakes are:

  • Ignoring user intent and on-page SEO: You should make sure that your content matches the search intent of your target audience and follows the best practices of on-page SEO, such as using relevant keywords, titles, headings, meta tags, and images.
  • Overusing exact anchor text: You should vary your anchor text and use natural and descriptive phrases that reflect the content of the linked page, rather than repeating the same keyword over and over.
  • Creating low-quality content: You should create high-quality content that provides value, solves problems, or entertains your audience, and avoid thin, duplicate, or spammy content that can hurt your credibility and trustworthiness.
  • Prioritizing quantity over quality: You should focus on getting links from relevant and authoritative websites that can boost your ranking and traffic, rather than chasing a high number of links from low-quality or irrelevant websites that can harm your SEO performance and reputation.
  • Purchasing links from low-quality sites: You should avoid buying links from shady or untrustworthy websites that can get you penalized by Google or damage your brand image. You should earn links organically through creating and promoting valuable content.
  • Failing to personalize your outreach: You should customize your outreach emails and messages to each website owner or editor that you contact, and show them why your content is relevant, useful, or interesting for them and their audience.
  • Not segmenting your outreach list: You should group your outreach prospects based on their niche, authority, location, or other criteria, and tailor your pitch accordingly. You should also prioritize the most promising prospects and follow up with them regularly.
  • Not having an elevator pitch for your content: You should have a clear and concise summary of what your content is about, what value it provides, and why it deserves a link. You should use this pitch in your outreach emails and messages to grab the attention of your prospects.

Buying links for SEO is a controversial and risky practice that can have positive or negative consequences for your website. Buying links means paying another website to link back to your site, usually with the intention of improving your organic rankings on Google. However, Google prohibits buying links and considers it a violation of its Webmaster Guidelines. If Google detects that you are buying links, it can penalize your site by lowering your rankings or removing your site from its index.

Therefore, buying links for SEO is not recommended unless you are aware of the risks and follow some best practices to avoid detection and ensure quality. Some of these best practices are:

  • Identify how many backlinks you need: You should do a thorough keyword research and competitor analysis to determine how many links you need to rank for your target keywords. You should also consider your existing backlink profile and avoid over-optimizing or creating unnatural link patterns.
  • Perform a link gap analysis: You should find out which websites are linking to your competitors but not to you, and target them as potential link prospects. You should also look for relevant and authoritative websites in your niche that can provide value to your audience.
  • Map out your anchor text: You should plan your anchor text strategy carefully and use a variety of natural and descriptive phrases that reflect the content of the linked page. You should avoid overusing exact match or keyword-rich anchor text that can trigger Google’s spam filters.
  • Establish your drip dates: You should schedule your link acquisition over time and avoid getting too many links at once. You should also vary the frequency and volume of your link building to create a natural link velocity.
  • Buy quality backlinks: You should only buy links from reputable and trustworthy websites that have high domain authority, relevance, traffic, and engagement. You should also check the quality of the content, the placement of the link, and the context of the link. You should avoid buying links from low-quality or irrelevant websites that can harm your SEO performance and reputation.
  • Don’t forget about your existing backlinks: You should monitor and maintain your existing backlinks and make sure they are still active, relevant, and valuable. You should also remove or disavow any toxic or spammy backlinks that can negatively affect your SEO performance.

Ensure your website is indexed by Google and follow the technical SEO best practices

how to check if a website is indexed by Google?

There are several ways to check if a website is indexed by Google, such as:

  • Using the site: query operator on Google. For example, if you want to check if organicdigital.co is indexed, you can type site:organicdigital.co on Google and see the list of pages that are indexed.
  • Using the URL Inspection Tool on Google Search Console. This tool allows you to enter a URL and see its status in the Google index, as well as any issues or errors that might prevent it from being indexed.
  • Using the Page Indexing report on Google Search Console. This report shows you how many pages of your site are indexed by Google, as well as how many pages are excluded or have errors.
  • Using a third-party tool like Google Index CheckerLinkody, or Onely. These tools allow you to enter multiple URLs or domains and check their indexing status on Google
How long does it take for Google to index a new website?

There is no definitive answer to how long it takes for Google to index a new website, as it depends on many factors, such as the quality, relevance, and popularity of your site, the frequency and speed of your updates, the structure and navigation of your site, and the technical aspects of your site (such as sitemap, robots.txt, HTTPS, etc.).

However, some sources provide some rough estimates based on their experience or research. For example:

  • According to SEOSLY, it can take anywhere from 4 days to 4 weeks for your site to be crawled and indexed by Google.
  • According to Marketkeep, the same range applies, but they also mention that Google’s index is handled by its search algorithm and bots such as the Googlebot.
  • According to The Leverage Way, this range is fairly broad and has been challenged by those who claim to have indexed sites in less than 4 days. They also suggest some tips to speed up the indexing process, such as submitting your sitemap to Google Search Console, creating social media profiles, and building backlinks.
  • According to Search Engine Journal, John Mueller (a Google Webmaster Trends Analyst) says it can take anywhere from several hours to several weeks for a page to be indexed. He suspects that the best content is picked up and indexed within about a week. They also provide some research data on how long it took for different types of pages to be indexed by Google.
  • According to Conductor, the indexing speed can vary depending on the size of your website. They provide some estimates based on their analysis of over 100 websites. For example, they say it can take 3–4 weeks for websites with less than 500 pages, 2–3 months for websites with 500 to 25,000 pages, and 4–12 months for websites with more than 25,000 pages.
Can I request Google to index my site faster?

Yes, you can request Google to index your site faster by using some of the methods listed below:

  • Create and submit a sitemap to the Google Search Console. A sitemap is a file that tells Google about the structure and content of your site, and helps them discover and crawl your pages more efficiently1.
  • Use the URL Inspection Tool in Google Search Console to check if a particular page is indexed. If not, you can request Google to index your page right from the Search Console.
  • Use the Fetch as Google tool in Google Search Console to submit a URL to Google’s crawl queue. This tool allows you to see how Google renders your page and request indexing for it.
  • Build high-quality backlinks from other reputable sites to your site. Backlinks are links from other websites that point to your site, and they help Google discover and index your pages faster, as well as improve your ranking and authority.
  • Share your site or pages on social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, etc. Social media can help you generate traffic and exposure for your site, as well as attract Google’s attention and encourage them to index your pages faster.
  • Update your site or pages with fresh and relevant content regularly. Google likes sites that are updated frequently and provide value to users, so adding new or updated content can help you get indexed faster and rank higher.
What is the difference between indexing and crawling?

The difference between indexing and crawling is that:

  • Crawling is the process of discovering and analyzing the content and code of web pages by using automated programs called crawlers or spiders. Crawlers follow the links on web pages to find more pages and content on the web.
  • Indexing is the process of storing, organizing, and ranking the content and information found during the crawling process in a huge database called the index. The index is used to provide relevant and fast results to users’ queries

Google’s 200 Ranking Factors: The Complete List (2023)


In the ever-evolving realm of search engine optimization (SEO), understanding Google’s ranking factors is essential for optimizing your digital presence. Google employs a complex algorithm that considers numerous factors when determining the ranking of websites in search results. This comprehensive list provides insights into 200 key ranking factors as of 2023.

1. Content Quality and Relevance:

  • High-quality, original, and relevant content.
  • Keyword optimization without keyword stuffing.
  • Comprehensive and authoritative content that meets user intent.
  • Utilization of relevant multimedia elements (images, videos).
  • Proper formatting with headings, bullet points, and readability.

2. User Experience Signals:

  • Mobile responsiveness and mobile-friendly design.
  • Page load speed and site performance.
  • Low bounce rate and high user engagement.
  • Secure and accessible website architecture.
  • Intuitive navigation and user-friendly interface.

3. Backlink Profile:

  • Quality and quantity of backlinks from authoritative sources.
  • Diversity of backlink sources (domains and IP addresses).
  • Natural and organic growth of backlinks over time.
  • Relevance of backlinks to your content and industry.
  • Anchor text diversity and optimization.

4. On-Page SEO:

  • Proper usage of title tags, meta descriptions, and header tags.
  • Optimization of URLs for clarity and relevance.
  • Proper usage of schema markup for structured data.
  • Keyword optimization in content, URLs, and meta tags.
  • Internal linking structure for navigation and content relevance.

5. Technical SEO:

  • HTTPS encryption and secure website connection.
  • XML sitemap presence and proper submission.
  • Canonicalization to avoid duplicate content issues.
  • Structured data implementation for rich snippets.
  • Mobile-first indexing and responsive design.

6. Site Authority and Trustworthiness:

  • Domain age and historical trustworthiness.
  • Social signals and engagement on social media platforms.
  • Domain authority and credibility in your industry.
  • Presence of accurate contact information and privacy policies.
  • Avoidance of spammy practices and unethical tactics.

7. User Engagement Metrics:

  • Click-through rate (CTR) from search results.
  • Dwell time and time spent on your website.
  • User interactions (comments, shares, likes).
  • Conversion rate and goal completions.
  • Brand searches and direct traffic.

8. Local SEO Signals:

  • Google My Business listing accuracy and completeness.
  • Local citations and consistent NAP (Name, Address, Phone) data.
  • Customer reviews and ratings on relevant platforms.
  • Proximity to the searcher’s location.
  • Local content and relevance to local queries.

9. Content Freshness and Updates:

  • Regularly updated and relevant content.
  • Publication of new and timely content.
  • Historical updates to keep information accurate.
  • Frequent crawling and indexing of your website.

10. Mobile Experience:

  • Mobile-friendly design and usability.
  • Responsive pages that adapt to various screen sizes.
  • Fast loading speed on mobile devices.
  • Avoidance of intrusive interstitials and pop-ups.

11. Page-Level Factors:

  • Unique and valuable content on each page.
  • Keyword optimization specific to the page’s topic.
  • Clear and concise meta descriptions.
  • Engaging multimedia elements.
  • Proper usage of header tags.

12. Site-Level Factors:

  • Consistent branding and design elements.
  • High-quality outbound links to reputable sources.
  • Low number of broken links and error pages.
  • Sitemap presence and proper structure.
  • Secure and authoritative domain.

13. Core Web Vitals:

  • Loading performance (Largest Contentful Paint).
  • Interactivity (First Input Delay).
  • Visual stability (Cumulative Layout Shift).

14. Artificial Intelligence and User Behavior:

  • User clicks and behavior in search results.
  • User engagement and interaction with your content.
  • Machine learning algorithms assessing content quality.

15. HTTPS and Security:

  • Use of HTTPS for secure connections.
  • SSL certificate implementation and validity.
  • Avoidance of mixed content and insecure resources.

Brand Signals

Unveiling the Influence of Brand Signals: A Strategic Guide to Enhancing Online Presence

In the realm of digital prominence, brand signals play a pivotal role in establishing and reinforcing your online identity. These signals encompass various elements that collectively convey the credibility, authority, and recognition of your brand. This guide delves into the intricate web of brand signals and offers insights into harnessing their power to amplify your online presence.

1. Consistent Branding: Consistency across all online platforms is paramount. Utilize the same logo, color palette, typography, and brand voice to foster recognition and a cohesive brand image.

2. Brand Mentions: The frequency and context of mentions of your brand across the web contribute to your digital influence. Monitor mentions and engage with the discourse around your brand.

3. Social Media Engagement: Active engagement on social media platforms, including responses to comments and interactions with followers, enhances brand visibility and authenticity.

4. Social Media Following: A robust following on social media signifies your brand’s reach and influence. Focus on organic growth and engage with your audience.

5. Verified Social Profiles: Verified social media profiles lend credibility and authenticity to your brand. Seek verification on platforms where applicable.

6. Online Reviews and Ratings: Positive reviews and high ratings on platforms like Google My Business and review websites enhance brand trust and influence potential customers.

7. Quality Content Marketing: Creating and sharing valuable, informative, and engaging content establishes your brand as an industry authority and attracts loyal followers.

8. Guest Posting and Thought Leadership: Contributing guest posts to reputable platforms and showcasing thought leadership further solidify your brand’s expertise and credibility.

9. Influencer Partnerships: Collaborating with influencers relevant to your industry exposes your brand to their followers and expands your reach.

10. Awards and Accolades: Highlighting awards, certifications, and industry recognitions lends legitimacy and authority to your brand.

11. Backlink Profile: A strong backlink profile from authoritative sources signals to search engines and users alike that your brand is a reliable source of information.

12. Secure Website: Having an SSL certificate and secure website connection instills trust in users and is recognized by search engines as a positive brand signal.

13. Branded Searches: A high volume of searches for your brand name indicates brand awareness and can positively impact your search engine rankings.

14. Local Citations: Consistent Name, Address, and Phone (NAP) information across local directories reinforces your brand’s presence in local searches.

15. Customer Loyalty: Building a loyal customer base through exceptional products, services, and customer support enhances brand advocacy and referrals.

Harnessing brand signals requires a holistic approach that prioritizes consistent branding, active engagement, and the cultivation of a positive online reputation. By nurturing these signals, you not only elevate your brand’s digital influence but also establish a lasting connection with your audience in the ever-evolving digital landscape.

On-Site Webspam Factors

In the intricate realm of website integrity and search engine optimization (SEO), on-site webspam factors stand as critical elements that can impact your online credibility and rankings. These factors encompass various practices that can be perceived as manipulative or deceptive by search engines. This guide delves into the nuanced landscape of on-site webspam factors and offers insights into upholding your website’s integrity.

1. Keyword Stuffing: Overloading content with excessive keywords in an attempt to manipulate search rankings can lead to penalization. Prioritize natural and relevant keyword usage.

2. Hidden Text and Links: Concealing text or links from users but making them visible to search engines is considered deceptive and can result in penalties.

3. Cloaking: Presenting different content to search engines and users is a violation of search engine guidelines and can lead to ranking penalties.

4. Duplicate Content: Copying and pasting content from other sources or duplicating your own content across multiple pages can negatively impact your rankings.

5. Thin Content: Pages with minimal or low-quality content offer little value to users and may be seen as an attempt to manipulate search rankings.

6. Link Schemes: Participating in link schemes, such as buying or exchanging links solely for SEO purposes, can result in penalties and loss of credibility.

7. User-Generated Spam: Allowing user-generated content without proper moderation can lead to the proliferation of spammy and irrelevant content.

8. Automated Content: Using automated tools to generate content often results in low-quality, nonsensical, and irrelevant text that can harm your website’s reputation.

9. Malicious Behavior: Engaging in malicious activities such as hacking, phishing, or distributing malware can lead to severe penalties and blacklisting.

10. Overuse of Ads: Excessive ads that disrupt user experience and obscure content can negatively impact rankings and user satisfaction.

11. Sneaky Redirects: Redirecting users to different content or websites without their consent is considered deceptive and can result in penalties.

12. Aggressive Pop-Ups: Pop-ups that interfere with the user experience or prompt unwanted actions can lead to penalties and negatively affect rankings.

13. Misleading Titles and Descriptions: Using clickbait titles or misleading meta descriptions can diminish user trust and lead to higher bounce rates.

14. Low-Quality Affiliate Content: Creating content solely for the purpose of promoting affiliate products without providing valuable information can be seen as webspam.

15. Reciprocal Links: Excessive reciprocal linking, where websites link to each other in a manipulative manner, can trigger search engine penalties.

16. User Experience Manipulation: Engaging in tactics that manipulate user experience metrics (such as clicks, dwell time) without offering meaningful content can lead to penalties.

Upholding your website’s integrity requires a commitment to ethical and user-centric practices. By avoiding on-site webspam factors and focusing on providing valuable, relevant, and trustworthy content, you can enhance your website’s reputation and build a strong foundation for sustainable online success.

Off-Site Webspam Factors

In the dynamic landscape of online reputation and search engine optimization (SEO), off-site webspam factors hold the potential to compromise your website’s credibility and rankings. These factors encompass external practices that manipulate the perception of your website’s authority and relevance. This guide delves into the intricate realm of off-site webspam factors and offers insights into safeguarding your website’s integrity.

1. Unnatural Backlink Profiles: Accumulating a high number of low-quality or irrelevant backlinks from spammy sources can signal manipulative practices to search engines.

2. Paid Backlinks: Purchasing backlinks for the sole purpose of boosting search rankings violates search engine guidelines and can lead to penalties.

3. Private Blog Networks (PBNs): Creating or participating in PBNs, which are networks of interconnected websites solely for link building, can result in penalties.

4. Link Farms: Engaging with link farms, which are groups of websites created to exchange links, can lead to detrimental impacts on your rankings.

5. Comment Spam: Posting irrelevant or promotional comments with links on blogs and forums can be seen as manipulative and harm your online reputation.

6. Article Directories and Content Farms: Publishing content on low-quality article directories and content farms can result in backlinks from spammy sources.

7. Over-Optimized Anchor Text: Using keyword-rich anchor text excessively in backlinks can be perceived as manipulative and lead to search engine penalties.

8. Irrelevant Directory Listings: Listing your website in irrelevant directories or link directories can signal a lack of relevance and authenticity.

9. Clickbait and Misleading Titles: Engaging in clickbait practices to attract clicks without delivering valuable content can harm user trust and engagement.

10. Duplicate Content Across Domains: Creating duplicate content across multiple domains to manipulate rankings can lead to search engine penalties.

11. Negative SEO: Engaging in tactics to harm competitors’ rankings, such as spammy backlinks, violates ethical SEO practices.

12. Social Media Spam: Overloading social media platforms with promotional or irrelevant content can lead to lower engagement and a negative reputation.

13. Fake Reviews and Testimonials: Posting fake positive reviews or testimonials can mislead users and harm your brand’s integrity.

14. Link Exchange Schemes: Participating in schemes where websites exchange links solely for SEO purposes can lead to search engine penalties.

15. Poor Content Distribution: Distributing low-quality or spun content across multiple platforms can harm your brand’s reputation and search rankings.

16. Buying Social Signals: Purchasing likes, shares, or followers to inflate your social media presence is considered a manipulative practice.

Safeguarding your website’s reputation and authority requires a commitment to ethical and user-centric practices. By avoiding off-site webspam factors and focusing on building genuine, relevant, and authoritative connections, you can maintain a strong online presence and ensure sustainable success in the ever-evolving digital landscape.

Special Google Algorithm Rules

In the intricate world of search engine optimization (SEO), special Google algorithm rules stand as unique guidelines that can significantly impact your website’s search rankings. These rules encompass specific considerations and criteria that search engines use to assess the quality, relevance, and credibility of websites. This guide delves into the nuanced realm of special Google algorithm rules and offers insights into navigating them for optimal online visibility.

1. E-A-T (Expertise, Authoritativeness, Trustworthiness): Google places a strong emphasis on E-A-T when evaluating content and websites. Demonstrate expertise, authority, and trustworthiness in your niche to boost search rankings.

2. Core Web Vitals: Introduced as ranking signals, Core Web Vitals measure user experience factors like page loading, interactivity, and visual stability.

3. Mobile-First Indexing: Google predominantly uses the mobile version of your site’s content for indexing and ranking, making mobile optimization essential.

4. BERT (Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers): BERT is a natural language processing algorithm that helps Google understand the context and intent behind search queries for better matching of results.

5. Page Experience Update: Combines Core Web Vitals with existing signals to assess user experience and may impact rankings based on user satisfaction.

6. HTTPS: Secure websites with HTTPS encryption receive a ranking boost, as Google values user data security.

7. YMYL (Your Money or Your Life) Pages: For content related to health, finance, and safety, Google has stricter E-A-T standards due to potential impact on users’ well-being.

8. Mobile Usability: Google assesses mobile usability to ensure websites offer a seamless experience on various devices.

9. Unnatural Outbound Links: Linking to low-quality, spammy, or irrelevant websites can lead to penalties and reduced credibility.

10. Thin and Low-Quality Content: Pages with insufficient or low-quality content may struggle to rank as they fail to meet user intent.

11. Diversity of Link Sources: A diverse backlink profile from reputable sources is favored over reliance on a single source for links.

12. User Intent Matching: Content that effectively addresses the user’s intent behind a search query is more likely to rank higher.

13. Structured Data: Implementing structured data markup can enhance search results with rich snippets, increasing visibility.

14. Keyword Stuffing: Overusing keywords in a manipulative manner can lead to penalties and lower rankings.

15. Social Signals: While not direct ranking factors, social signals can impact search visibility by influencing user engagement.

16. Page Speed: Faster-loading pages are favored, as they enhance user experience and engagement.

17. Freshness and Recency: For topics that require up-to-date information, recent content is favored in search results.

18. Engagement Metrics: User engagement signals like click-through rates and dwell time can impact rankings.

Understanding and adhering to these special Google algorithm rules is essential for effective SEO strategies. By aligning your practices with these guidelines and delivering high-quality, relevant, and user-centric content, you can enhance your website’s search visibility and thrive in the ever-evolving digital ecosystem.

Understanding and addressing these 200 ranking factors can help you optimize your website’s performance in search engine results. Keep in mind that Google’s algorithm is dynamic, and staying updated with SEO trends and best practices is crucial for maintaining and improving your digital visibility.